Milestone in IT and definition of (information) literacy

Y

IL

Mobile device; before: electronic inf. resources, computer, IT, e-mail, Internet

1973

Zurkowski: access inf. usable in real work and in problem solving

1974

Hamelink, Owens: inf. to political emancipation

1976

Burchinal: locate and use the inf. to solve problems efficiently and effectively

1976

Electronic Commerce / Electronic Government

1979

Kulthau: IL include library and computer skills (to access and use the inf.)

1987

WWW (World Wide Web)

1989

ALA: aware the need and find, evaluate and use inf. efficiently for any purpose

1989

Breivik + Gee: IL associated with ICT resource-based learning

1989

Search Engine

1990

Eisenberg + Berkowitz: define task, strategy, access, use, synthesis, evaluation

1990

Doyle: define need, search in sources incl. IT, evaluate, organize and use inf.

1992

Kuhlthau: task, topic, pre-exploration, focus, collection, search closure

1993

Colorado Edicational Media Association: use IT to access inf. and to communicate

1994

Social Networks

1995

Google

1997

Bruce: The Seven Faces of IL (using IT for of inf. retrieval and communication)

1997

SUNY: aware need, locate, evaluate, effectively use and communicate inf.

1997

Byerly + Brodie: find and use information to LLL, incl. presenting inf.

1999

ACRL: described ALA definition in detail by 22 indicators and 87 outcomes

2001

Web 2.0

2004

Elmborg: to find, use and evaluate inf. to solve problems during LLL

2006

Castells: handle sources of inf. to reuse the inf. for benefits of the society

2006

IFLA: access, evaluate and use inf.; extend library skills

2006

UNESCO: aware the need, find, evaluate, store, use, create and communicate inf.

2008