Unit 1

Classical World

Polis (Greek City States)

750 BC - 500 BC

Monotheism

721 BC

Roman Republic

509 BC - 27 BC

Athenian Democracy

500 BC - 322 BC

Sophists

485 BC

Hellenization

323 BC - 30 BC

Stoicism

310 BC

Epicureanism

307 BC

Maccabean Revolt

164 BC

Roman Empire

31 BC - 500 AD

Pax Romana

27 BC - 180 AD

-"Roman Peace"
-not great, but not unstable
-safe travel and commerce
-common language
-these elements made this time period the ideal environment for establishing Christianity.

Sermon on the Mount

30 AD

-sermon delivered by Jesus in the Gospel of Matthew
-presented the ethical concepts of humility, charity, and brotherly love
-formed the basis for the value system of medieval Western civilization (different from Greco-Roman values)

Edict of Milan

313 AD

-edict issued by emperor Constantine
-officially tolerated the existence of Christianity in the Roman Empire

People

Homer

800 BC - 750 BC

Prophets

800 BC - 600 BC

Socrates

469 BC - 399 BC

Pericles

461 BC - 429 BC

Plato

429 BC - 347 BC

Aristotle

384 BC - 322 BC

Alexander the Great

336 BC - 323 BC

Augustus Caesar

31 BC - 14 AD

Paul the Apostle

5 AD - 67 AD
  • "second founder of Christianity" -Jewish Roman citizen highly influenced by Hellenistic culture -preached to Jews and Gentiles -responsible for founding Christian communities throughout Asia Minor and along the shores of the Aegean. -provided a universal foundation for the spread of Jesus' ideas.

Constantine

306 AD - 337 AD

-first Christian emperor
-restored order and stability within Roman Empire
-instituted military reforms and new economic and social policies
-built Constantinople
-Christianity flourished under his reign