-not great, but not unstable
-safe travel and commerce
-these elements made this time period the ideal environment for establishing Christianity.
Sermon on the Mount
-sermon delivered by Jesus in the Gospel of Matthew
-presented the ethical concepts of humility, charity, and brotherly love
-formed the basis for the value system of medieval Western civilization (different from Greco-Roman values)
Edict of Milan
-edict issued by emperor Constantine
-officially tolerated the existence of Christianity in the Roman Empire
800 BC - 750 BC
800 BC - 600 BC
469 BC - 399 BC
461 BC - 429 BC
429 BC - 347 BC
384 BC - 322 BC
Alexander the Great
336 BC - 323 BC
31 BC - 14 AD
Paul the Apostle
5 AD - 67 AD
"second founder of Christianity"
-Jewish Roman citizen highly influenced by Hellenistic culture
-preached to Jews and Gentiles
-responsible for founding Christian communities throughout Asia Minor and along the shores of the Aegean.
-provided a universal foundation for the spread of Jesus' ideas.
306 AD - 337 AD
-first Christian emperor
-restored order and stability within Roman Empire
-instituted military reforms and new economic and social policies
-Christianity flourished under his reign