US History Post Civil War

Major Wars

Civil War

1861 - 1865

*C. W Ammendments=13,14,15: Free slaves, voting rights for all, apply bill of rights to states
--solidified CONSTITUTION

WWI

1914 - 1918

WWII

1939 - 1945

First Indochina War

1946 - 1954

Cold War

1947 - 1991

Major Innovations

Railroads

1830 - 1860

1830s-40s=NE
50s=NW
60s=transcontinental
=MOVEMENT, CONNECTION, INNOVATION, STANDARDIZATION

Bonanza Farms

1870 - 1900

-mechanized agriculture--industrialization, pop growth, cheaper production, shift to desire to live in urbanization

Agricultural Revolution

1870 - 1880

-shift from subsistence to commercial farming, growth in output/efficency=pop growth, industrialization

Chinese Exclusion Act

1882 - 1892

-banned laborers entry and as naturalized citizens
=race determining factor to basic human rights

Ford Model T

1908 - 1909

Installment Payments

1914 - 1915

Growth of Chain Stores

1920 - 1929

Birth Control

1920 - 1930

=condoms, Margaret Sanger

Transition in Education

1920 - 1940

schools become more democratic, increased value placed in school--need for literacy, white collar jobs, etc.,

Trinity Device

1945 - 1946

BEGINNING OF ATOMIC AGE

Sputnik

1957 - 1958

Visa

1957 - 1958

Government Policies/Ideas/Beliefs

Monroe Doctrine

1823 - 1824

-states Manifest Destiny=cultural & territorial expansion

Homestead Act

1862 - 1863

-gave 160s acres, promoted WESTWARD EXPANSION

Morrill Land Grant Act

1862 - 1863

--gave states land for universities--farming research, start of INVESTMENT IN EDU.

Reconstruction

1865 - 1867

-Splendid Failure
-Freedman's Bureau
-Mobility-most only traveled short diet
-Sharecropping

Suburbanization

1870 - 1880

-those who could afford did, cities=bad rep, informal segregation by income

Gilded Age

1877 - 1900

-enormous growth, industrialization, growth of skilled white collar jobs as well as a dispensable workforce, immigration

Progressive Movement

1890 - 1920

16th-19th amendments, income tax, senators, prohibition, suffrage
--social AND political movmt: rejected social darwinism, believed in education, safety, effective workplace
--purification of govt

Social Darwinists

1890 - 1900

--wealth defines power, WEALTH=IDENTITY

Frontier Thesis

1893 - 1894

-Frederick Jackson Turner: Frontier line (space b/w civilization and wilderness) pushing, frontier exp shapes rugged American individualism, frontier reflects values of American exceptionalism (democracy, self succiency, egalitarian, resourceful)

Sedition Amendment

1918 - 1919

-speech against govt or war=imprisonment, CONTAINMENT

New Deal

1933 - 1936

-restart economy

Social Security Act

1935 - 1936

Works Progress Administration

1935 - 1943

New Deal, created millions of public service jobs
=expansion of education, ease of transportation, arts, trained workers

Bracero Program

1942 - 1943

Exec Order 9066

1942 - 1943

GI Bill

1944

Social/Economic Movements

Cowboys

1850 - 1880

-early 20s/teens: heard cattle

Social Gospel Movement

1880 - 1890

Christians "have duty" to help reform

Transnationalism

1900 - 1910

-flow of people, ideas, and goods, Great Migration--S-->N, Chinese Americans=MELTING POT

KKK

1915 - 1920

Labor Unions

1918 - 1928

--organzied workers formed to protect and further their rights

Nostalgia of Cowboys

1920 - 1921

-portrayed in movies, frontier--simplicity=thing of past

CONSUMERISM

1920 - 1980

Sexual Revolution

1920 - 1930

birthcontrol, dating, childrearing

Fordism

1920 - 1970

--standardized mass production
families into units of consumption
-changed working conditions

Great Depression

1929 - 1939

Democratized Education

1939 - 1945

war, need to focus on technology, science, languages, engineering, etc

Civil Rights Movement

1960 - 1970

Other:

Jim Crow

1890 - 1900

-dehumanize blacks,segregation

Great Migration

1910 - 1930

-African Americans move out of South to N, in search of jobs,=transformed American culture, politics, etc.

Generational Groups

The Greatest Gen

1926 - 1935

marry early, patriotic

The Lucky Gen

1936 - 1945

come of age in consumer confidence, little competition

Baby Boomers

1946 - 1955

influential, cultural, active in community orgs, environmentalism, hard to own homes

Gen X

1956 - 1975

slackers, disenchanted w/ system, worse off

Gen Y

1976 - 1985

computers, diff modes of communication

Net Gen

1985 - 1995

cost oriented politics, not manipulated by marketing, identify w world as whole