U.S.-China relations from 1784-1979

Main

First U.S. merchants trade with China

1784

Britain defeats China in first Opium War

1839 - 1842

Treaty of Nanjing opens China to British trade

1842

U.S. signs first treaty with China

1844

Taiping Rebellion devastates China

1850 - 1864

U.S. warships retaliate against Chinese forts

1856

Western forces defeat China in second Opium War

1857 - 1860

Treaty of Tianjin broadens Western advantages in China

1858

Chinese Exclusion Act restricts Chinese immigration to U.S.

1882

Japan defeats China in six-months war

1894 - 1895

Secretary of State Hay issues Open Door note

1899

Foreign powers put down Boxer Rebellion

1900

Yuan Shi-kai claims power after fall of Manchu dynasty

1911

Sun Yat-sen establishes Kuomintang (Nationalist Party)

1912

Chinese students protest decision of Paris Peace Conference

1919

Mao Zedong establishes Chinese Communist Party

1921

Chiang Kai-shek asserts rule in China

1928

Japanese extend control over Manchuria

1931 - 1932

Japanese launch large-scale invasion of China

1937

U.S. spearheads Allied victory over Japan

1941 - 1945

China included on UN Security Council

1945

Communist forces establish control over China

1949

China opposes U.S. in Korean War

1950 - 1953

China defeats India in border dispute

1962

U.S. troop strength in Vietnam rises to 500,000

1967

Richard Nixon visits China

1972

Mao Zedong dies

1976

U.S. recognizes China

1979