Cold War

Monday

Yalta Conference

February 4, 1945 - February 11, 1945

Conference between the three Allied powers U.S., Great Britain, and USSR mostly discussing the post-war plans for Europe.

V-E Day

8 May 1945

Day of the surrender of Nazi Germany

Potsdam Conference

July 17, 1945 - August 2, 1945

The conference between U.S., Great Britain, and USSR included the establishment of post-war order, peace treaties issues, and countering the effects of the war.

VJ - Day

14 August 1945

Day of Japan's surrender after the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

Rise of Berlin Wall

August 13, 1961

The Berlin Wall was constructed separating East and West Germany, which was the barrier of the USSR and the other capitalistic countries.

Tuesday

Mao Zedong takes control of China

June 19, 1945

After the long Civil War Mao Zedong takes control of China unveiling the communist regime.

Marshall Plan is announced

April 1948

Plan in which the U.S. gave Europe economic support in order to rebuild and keep other European countries from going to a communistic government.

Berlin Blockade

June 24, 1948 - May 12, 1949

Some people mark this as the first crisis of the Cold War. Soviet Union tried to force other forces out of Berlin.

Soviets explode first atomic bomb

August 29, 1949

The first atomic bomb testing of the USSR. United States was shocked that they got that technology so soon.

Korean War

June 25 1950 - July 27 1953

Civil war in Korea between United Nations and USSR.

Wednesday

Hollywood Blacklisting

August 1946

In August and September 1946, William R. Wilkerson published other columns containing a larger number of alleged Communists and sympathizers.

The HUAC investigates Communist activity in Hollywood.

October 1947

At this time the House Committee opened hearings for 9 days in Hollywood because of the alleged Communist motion picture industry.

Joe McCarthy begins Communist witch hunt

February 9 1950

Starting on this date McCarthy began claims against communism saying that there was Soviet Union spys within the American government.

Julius and Ethel Rosenberg are convicted

March 29 1951

Ethel and Julius were convicted of drawing sketches and giving information about the atomic bomb used on Nagasaki. It was said that their crimes were worse than murder in which they were both executed.

John F. Kennedy elected President

November 8 1960

JFK becomes the youngest president and the first Catholic president narrowly beating Richard Nixon.

Thursday

Vietnam War

November 1 1955 - April 30 1975

American forces came in to aid South Vietnam from them turning into a full Communist country. The thought was that when all of Vietnam becomes Communist it would lead to the fall of other southern Asian countries into Communist hands.

Cuban Missile Crisis

October 14 1962 - October 28 1962

A 14 day period where the Cold War very nearly turned into a Hot War. The Soviet Union had missiles in Cuba and the United States had missiles in Turkey and Italy.

Apollo 11 lands on the moon

July 21 1969

Fall of Berlin Wall

November 1989

Citizens in West Germany (Soviet Union) started climbing and breaking through the wall into East Germany.

Fall of Soviet Union - End of Cold War

December 1991

The former Soviet Union split up into 15 different countries.