Cold War

Main

Yalta Conference

February 1945

The three main leaders in the war; United States, Soviet Union, and Great Britain met in Yalta to discuss how to end the war- specifically Joseph Stalin, Frederick Douglass Roosevelt, and Winston Churchill ... “How can we keep Germany down after the war to make sure that they won't rise in power again?”

VE-Day

May 8 1945

This date marked the official surrender of Hitler, also known as “Victory in Europe”.

Potsdam Conference

July 1945

Truman agreed to meet Stalin in Potsdam to work out a deal on Germany. Stalin told Truman about the nuclear powers they had been working with and Truman hinted to Stalin about something big that America had been working on. This made Stalin take Truman’s proposal on the US and GB keeping control of Germany’s “industrial heartland” and the USSR was going to have to get their reparations by recuperating themselves.

VJ-Day

September 2 1945

This day marked the official surrender of Japan, also known as “Victory in Japan”.

Marshall Plan is announced

June 1947

The Secretary of State George C. Marshall proposed the European Recovery Program, also known as the Marshall Plan, which would give European nations American aid to rebuild their economies.

HUAAC opened hearings on Communist Activity in Hollywood

October 1947

Hollywood Blacklisting

October 1947

The all-male group of screenwriters, producers and directors (Alvah Bessie, Herbert Biberman, Lester Cole, Edward Dmytryk, Ring Lardner Jr., John Howard Larson, Albert Maltz, Samuel Ornitz, Adrian Scott and Dalton Trumbo) refused to cooperate with the investigation and used their HUAC appearances to denounce the committee's tactics. All were cited for contempt of Congress and sentenced to prison terms, in addition to being blacklisted from working in Hollywood.

Berlin Blockade begins and ends

1948 - 1949

The Soviet Union fails to prevent supplies from reaching the sectors of Berlin occupied by Western forces.

Soviets Explode First Atomic Bomb

September 1949

Mao Zedong takes control of China

October 1 1949

The People's Republic of China was formally announced, with Mao Zedong as its leader. He would remain in charge of the nation until his death in 1976.

Julius and Ethel rosenberg are convicted of being Soviet spies

March 1951

They were convicted of espionage and sentenced to the death penalty.

Joe McCarthy begins Communist witch hunt

October 1953

McCarthy began his witch hunt for “Communists infiltration in the military” which was the last straw for President Eisenhower.

Vietnam War

1955 - 1973

U.S. military aid and advisers are sent to South Vietnam and in 1973 the last US troops leave Vietnam.

John F. Kennedy elected President

November 1960

Berlin Wall

August 13 1961

The Berlin Wall was built to show the visible representation of the “Cold War” division.

Cuban Missile Crisis

October 22 1962 - October 28 1962

Kennedy announced to the nation that American spy planes had taken photographs showing that the Soviet Union had placed long- range missiles in Cuba. On the 28th, the leaders reached an agreement; Kennedy publicly agreed that he would not invade Cuba and privately agreed that he would remove his Turkish missiles. While the Soviets agreed to remove their missiles from Cuba.

Apollo 11 lands on the Moon

July 20 1969

Neil Armstrong took first steps on the moon for mankind.

Fall of Soviet Union- End of Cold War

1985

When Mikhail Gorbachev assumed power of the Soviet Union in 1985, he instituted the policies of glasnost andperestroika in hopes of sparking the sluggish economy. What resulted from this taste of freedom was the revolution that ended the Cold War.

Berlin Wall fals

November 1989

The Berlin Wall stood until November 9, 1989, when the head of the East German Communist Party announced that citizens of the GDR could cross the border whenever they pleased.