The three main leaders in the war; United States, Soviet Union, and Great Britain met in Yalta to discuss how to end the war- specifically Joseph Stalin, Frederick Douglass Roosevelt, and Winston Churchill ... “How can we keep Germany down after the war to make sure that they won't rise in power again?”
This date marked the official surrender of Hitler, also known as “Victory in Europe”.
Truman agreed to meet Stalin in Potsdam to work out a deal on Germany. Stalin told Truman about the nuclear powers they had been working with and Truman hinted to Stalin about something big that America had been working on. This made Stalin take Truman’s proposal on the US and GB keeping control of Germany’s “industrial heartland” and the USSR was going to have to get their reparations by recuperating themselves.
This day marked the official surrender of Japan, also known as “Victory in Japan”.
The Secretary of State George C. Marshall proposed the European Recovery Program, also known as the Marshall Plan, which would give European nations American aid to rebuild their economies.
The all-male group of screenwriters, producers and directors (Alvah Bessie, Herbert Biberman, Lester Cole, Edward Dmytryk, Ring Lardner Jr., John Howard Larson, Albert Maltz, Samuel Ornitz, Adrian Scott and Dalton Trumbo) refused to cooperate with the investigation and used their HUAC appearances to denounce the committee's tactics. All were cited for contempt of Congress and sentenced to prison terms, in addition to being blacklisted from working in Hollywood.
The Soviet Union fails to prevent supplies from reaching the sectors of Berlin occupied by Western forces.
The People's Republic of China was formally announced, with Mao Zedong as its leader. He would remain in charge of the nation until his death in 1976.
They were convicted of espionage and sentenced to the death penalty.
McCarthy began his witch hunt for “Communists infiltration in the military” which was the last straw for President Eisenhower.
U.S. military aid and advisers are sent to South Vietnam and in 1973 the last US troops leave Vietnam.
The Berlin Wall was built to show the visible representation of the “Cold War” division.
Kennedy announced to the nation that American spy planes had taken photographs showing that the Soviet Union had placed long- range missiles in Cuba. On the 28th, the leaders reached an agreement; Kennedy publicly agreed that he would not invade Cuba and privately agreed that he would remove his Turkish missiles. While the Soviets agreed to remove their missiles from Cuba.
Neil Armstrong took first steps on the moon for mankind.
When Mikhail Gorbachev assumed power of the Soviet Union in 1985, he instituted the policies of glasnost andperestroika in hopes of sparking the sluggish economy. What resulted from this taste of freedom was the revolution that ended the Cold War.
The Berlin Wall stood until November 9, 1989, when the head of the East German Communist Party announced that citizens of the GDR could cross the border whenever they pleased.