HIS1D

Historical events and dates

Main

Parliaments

Jame's 1st Parliament

1604 - 1611

General

-James proposal for Union with Scotland
-Bancroft’s Canons

First Session

-Problems with opposition to purveyance and wardship
-Monopolies voted as illegal

Second Session

-Gunpowder Plot grievances

Fourth Session

-Problems with financial inheritance
-Endemic corruption and inefficiency
-Inflation

Jame's 2nd Parliament

April 1614 - June 1614

-Summoned to help with James’ deteriorating finances

-Parliament asked James to give up impositions in return 2 subsidies would be granted

-Most members of the Addled Parliament were young and inexperienced making the king easy to manipulate

Jame's 3rd Parliament

January 1621 - December 1621

-Failure of Cockayne project left king short of revenue due to slump in trade

-Called due to Palatinate Crisis and outbreak of the 30 Years War.

-By 1620 Frederick V (James’ son-in-law) had been defeated at the Battle of the White Mountain and driven out of his own lands.

-MPs blamed the extravagances at court for the country’s financial problems.

-Parliament favoured a naval war like during Elizabeth’s reign which they hoped would be self-funding. They were deluding themselves. The relief of Frederick would require a land army.

-Parliament would only agree to granting 2 subsidies (£160,000) when it was estimated that £250,000 was needed upfront with an extra £900,000 per year.

Charles 1st Parliament

June 1625 - August 1625

Charles 2nd Parliament

February 1626 - May 1626

Deaths/Crowning

Elizabeth 1st Death

24 March 1603

James 1st Reign Started

24 March 1603

Jame's 1st Death

27 March 1625

Charles 1st Reign Started

27 March 1625

Key Event

Millinary Petition

1603

-Given to James I by Puritans in 1603 when he was travelling to London in order to claim the English throne.

-Claimed to have 1,000 signatures of Puritan ministers

Puritans rejected:

-The signing of the cross during baptism
-Confirmation
-The administration of baptism by lay people (It was common in some areas that mid-wives would baptize children.)
-Use of the ring in marriage
-Bowing at the name of Jesus
-The requirement of the surplice and cap
-Men given multiple ecclesiastical positions, and receiving pay for each

The Buckinghamshire Election

1604

Election of Francis Goodwin as MP for Buckinghamshire annulled by chancery on grounds he was an outlaw. James overreacts and says commons acted illegally since “they derived all matters of privilege from him and by his grant.” James compromises in end and a new election was held.

The Hampton Court Conference

January 1604

Called as a response to the Millinary petition

James met some demands such as translating books from Latin into english however other demands such as getting rid of rings at a marriage were not accepted

Bancrofts Canons

September 1604

James licensed the 1604 Canons which stated that all clergy had to subscribe to all the 39 Articles and to everything that was in the Prayer Book. The House of Commons protested about legislation that came from outside of Parliament and around 90 clergy lost their livelihood.

The Gunpowder Plot

5 November 1605

Summary of Events

The Gunpowder Plot of 1605 was an attempt to kill James I, King of England. Catholic conspirators led by Robert Catesby placed kegs of gunpowder in the cellars of the Parliament Buildings on the night of November 4, 1605. They planned to ignite the gunpowder when James, his eldest son, Prince Henry, and Queen Ann attended the opening of Parliament the following day. One of the conspirators, Guy Fawkes, was deputed to stay with the gunpowder and ignite it at the opportune moment.

However, word of the conspiracy leaked out, and royal officials captured Fawkes with the gunpowder. Fawkes, and several other of the conspirators, were put to death.

Penal Acts against Catholics were passed but were not enforced properly.

James remained open-minded towards Catholics.

Book of Sports

1617

The declaration listed archery, dancing, "leaping, vaulting, or any other such harmless recreation" as permissible sports, together with "May-games, Whitsun-ales and Morris-dances, and the setting up of May-poles".

Spanish Match

1620

The Spanish Match was a proposed marriage between Prince Charles, the son of King James I of England, and Infanta Maria Anna of Spain, the daughter of Philip III of Spain. The policy, unpopular with England's Protestant House of Commons, where the recent Anglo-Spanish War had not been forgotten