Social Studies Timeline

Mesopotamia/Sumer Begins

Egypt Begins

3100 bc

King Menes unites Egypt

3100 bc

India Begins

3000 bc

Judism

3000 b.c

Religion known by the Star of David.

Islam

3000 b.c

Monotheistic religion based on the Quran.

Great Pyramids

2584 b.c

The great pyramids of Giza are the oldest of the Seven Wonders of the ancient world.

China Begins

2000 bc

Aztec Begins

1500 bc

Athens Begins

1000 bc

Hinduism

1000 b.c

Predominant religion of India and Napal

Roman Empire Begins

753 bc

One of the greatest empires in history Characterized by an autocratic form of government.

Sparta Begins

650 bc

Persian Empire Begins

500 bc

Peloponnesian War

480 bc

A war fought by Athens and Sparta that was divided into 3 phases.

Parthenon

438 b.c

a temple on the Athenian Aeropolis, Greece, dedicated to the maiden goddess Athena.

Alexander the Great

336 bc

King of Macedon tutored by Aristotle. A smart king who took over many different empires but died at the age of 32.

Punic Wars

264 bc

Series of 3 wars fought between Rome and Carthage which were some of the largest wars that ever took place at the time.

Christianity

1 b.c

Religion with many different sections.

Constantine Split Romas Empire

313 ce

Edict of Milan

313 a.d

States that Christians are now tolerated in the Roman Empire.

Mayans and Aztecs

500

civilization that was very developed and was believed to predict the end of the world some people still speak Mayan today. Ethnic group of central Mexico who built great structures and dominated Mesoamerica until they were over taken by Spain.

Justinians Plague

541 a.d

Plague in Constantinople that killed 40% of the population which didn't return until the 14th century.

Mohammad is Born

570 a.d

A Muslim idle who has many influences on Muslim religion.

Great Wall of China

581

First part of the great wall of china was done

Charlemagne

742

Holy Roman Emperor

Vikings start raiding Ireland

793 a.d

Feudalism

800 a.d

Set of military and legal customs in medieval Europe.

Magnetic Compass

880

Compass that becomes common on ocean going ships in 1187.

Crusades

1000 a.d

Religious campaigns against Muslims pagans heretics and excommunicated people.

Paper Money

1024

The Chinese issue the first paper money.

East/West Schism

1054

Eastern and Western part of the Roman Catholic Church separated.

Chumu Civilization

1100

Civilization in Peru who is defeated by the rising Inca empire in 1476.

Black Death

1200

The Bood of the Abacus

1202 a.d

Book published by Leonardo Fibonacci that revolutionizes mathematics in Europe.

Mongol Empire

1206

An empire that existed during the 13th and 14th century and was the largest land empire in human history.

Magna Carta

1215

Document that was forced on a lying of England that limits power.

Boston Tea Party

1223

Rennisance

1300 - 1600

Period of growth in learning and the arts that followed the middle ages that resulted from a loss of faith in the church because of the crusades and black death.

Eye glasses in Rome

1300

Eyeglasses are common in Rome in 1300.

Hundred Years War

1337

Prince Henry

1394

Navigator from Portugal who sponsored many expeditions.

Incan Empire

1438

Civilization from the highlands of Peru which had many conquests all over South America.

Christopher Columbus

1451

Led the path to the Americans in 1492 from Spain.

Bartholomeu Dias

1451

Explorer from Portugal who discovered the cape of good hope.

Leonardo da Vinci

1452

Renaissance artist who painted the famous painting the Mona Lisa and the last supper.

Amerigo Vespucci

1454

Namesake of the Americas and made journeys to Brazil.

Niccolo Machiavelli

1469

Philosopher and writer during the renaissance.

Vasco da Gama

1469

Became wealthy on trading expeditions to Portugal.

Leo X

1475

A pope who led a costly war and was also challenged by Martin Luther with the 95 theses.

Michail Angelo

1475

Artist of the Renaissance era who painted the Sistine Chapel.

Francisco Pizarro

1476

Conquered the Incan empire in south America.

Ferdinand Megellan

1480

an explorer who tried to reach the pacific ocean which he named and journeyed to the Philippians where he was killed.

Hermando Cortes

1485

Landed in Mexico and met with the Aztecs. They believed he was a god.

Sweating Sickness

1485

Devastating illness that hits England and kills Henry VIII's older brother.

Christopher Columbus

1492

Encomienda System

1493

A system of forced labor against native Americans used in plantations and farms that killed thousand of natives.

Treaty of Tordesillas

1494

Line of Demarcation

1494

A line drawn by pope Alexander VI to assign colonial spheres of interest in the Americans to Portugal and Spain.

Treaty of Tordesillas

1494

Document that divided trading and colonizing rights for newly discovered land between Spain and Portugal.

Middle Passage

1500

The triangular trade of slaves and goods lasted for hundreds of years. Slaves were captured and put on a boat and shipped to the new world

Commercial Revolution

1500

A period of European economic expansion mercantilism and colonialism.

English Reformation

1500

Church of England broke away from the authority of the Roman catholic church and the pope.

Vasco Nunez de Balboa

1513

First European to see the pacific ocean.

Martin Luther

1517

He wrote the 95 these and put them on the door of the catholic church.

Protestant Reformation

1517

Ferdinand Megellan

1522

Massacre of St. Barthlemew

1522

Tens of thousands of French Protestants were killed in France.

Phillip II of Spain

1527

King of Spain and Portugal and Spain reached the height of its power under his reign.

Alvar Nunez Cabesa de vaca

1528

First European to step foot in Texas.

Institutes of the Christian Religion

1536

Book written by John Calvin the founder of Calvinism.

Scientific Revolution

1540

the emergence of modern science during the early modern period.

Francisco de Orellana

1541

First European to navigate down the Amazon river.

Catholic Reformation

1545

Reformation of the catholic church after the great schism.

Francis Bacon

1561

Pioneered the scientific method for experimentation.

Galileo Galilei

1564

Built own telescope was forced under house arrest for the rest of his life.

William Shakespear

1564

English poet and playwright widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language.

Rene Descartes

1596

Pioneered the pioneered the scientific method for experimentation.

Oliver Cromwell

1599

Created common wealth as lord protector but common wealth ends when he dies in 1658.

Dutch East India Company

1602

One of the first multinational corporations that distributed thousands of items a day.

James Town

1607

First settlement by the pilgrims, was originally meant for profit but the colony saw great deal of death from starvation.

First Telescope

1609

Plymoth

1620

A colony made by pilgrims who signed the mayflower contract before settling the land.

Louis XIV of France

1638

Known as Lewis the great ruled as king of France for 72 years.

Isaac Newton

1642

came up with 3 tools of motion and the low of universal gravitation.

Polish Jew Massacre

1648

1/4 of Polis Jews are massacred many survivors move to Jerusalem.

Caedmons Hymn

1657

Earliest poem written in English.

Peter the Great of Russia

1672

Became King of Russia at 10 years old sought out to westernize Russia by going on a secret tour of Europe came back and forced his nobles to westernize and built a capital city of St. Petersburg.

Antoni Van Leeuwenhoek

1676

Becomes the inventor of the microscope.

Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosopy

1686

Book written by Isaac Newton which shows that the laws of heaven are the same as of earth.

Glorius Revolution

1688

was the overthrow of King James II of England by a union of English parliament.

Baron De Montesquieu

1689

Believed in a system of checks and balances.

John Locke

1704

Philosopher who believed in a social contract between a government and their people where the government serves the people.

Jean Jacques Rousseau

1712

Fought for personal liberties and individual freedom.

Adam Smith

1723

Wrote book wealth of nations outlining advantages of the free market.

French and Indian War

1754 - 1763

War fought between the British and combined forces of the French and native Americans over territory.

Joseph Blacre

1754

Scottish chemist discovers carbon dioxide and later the heat of fusion.

Industrial Revolution

1760 - 1830

A transition to new manufacturing processed to improve efficiency in Europe and the us.

Treaty of Paris

1763

French and Indian war peace treaty.

Boston Massacre

1770

An incident by the British army soldiers who killed 5 civilian men and injured 6 others.

Declaration of Independence

1777

Constitution

1787

A supreme law of the U.S that establishes separate powers and amendments.

French Revolution

1789

French citizens revolted against King Louis XVI and his queen Marie Antoinette because of economic hardship.

Bill of Rights

1789

An article that lists the first 10 amendments of the U.S constitution.

Haitian Revolution

1791

7 year war against France, winning their independence in 1798 and became a republic in 1820.

Mexican Revolution

1810

Mexico rose up behind Father Miguel Hidalgo who called for freedom until 1815 when he was executed.

Simon Bolivar

1819

Led uprising against Spain and Venezuela freeing it from Spain's rule also freed Ecuador Peru and Bolivia.

Central Powers

1879

Triple Alliance

1882

Germany, Italy, Austro-Hungary

Triple Entente

1904

Great Britain, France, Russia

World War I

1914 - 1919

Assasination of Franz Ferdinand

1914

US Joins WWI

1917

March on Rome

1922

A march by the Italian dictator Benito Mussolini over political means.

Great Depression

1929 - 1939

FDR's New Deal

1933

During the great depression president Franklin D. Roosevelt came into office and offered a deal to all citizens.

Holocaust

1939 - 1945

Over 6 million Jews were killed in Nazi death camps during hitlers reign in world war II.

Allies

1939

World War II

1939

World War II started when Adolf Hitler was ruler of Germany and wanted to have all the control possible of Europe and invaded other countries around him.

Pearl Harbor

1941

The Japanese surprise attack one of the United States army base and bomb them. After this they bomb Japan.

Hiroshima bombing

1945

After the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor the US immediately took action and bombed one of japans cities.

Nagasaki bombing

1945

After the first bomb the US dropped on japan they bombed them again and finally the Japanese surrendered.

Korean War

1950

Green Revolution

1950 - 1984

Was an increase in technologies like pesticides fertilizers and herbicides that increased food production.

Vietnam

1954 - 1975

One of the most deadliest conflicts in America history that claimed hundreds of thousands of lives. North Vietnam invaded south Vietnam and eventually took it over.

Berlin Airlift/Blockade

1961

Germany was divided in to two. The east and the west

Cuban Missle Crisis

1962

This occurred when the Soviet Union gave Cuba missiles and the US didn't like that and blocked them from getting imports.

Apollo

1969

First man on the moon Neil Armstrong.

Chernobly Nuclear Disaster

1986

An incident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant in Ukraine that released an explosion that killed hundreds.

Persian Gulf War

1990 - 1991

Between Iraq and UK by the U.S. Saddam Hussein occupied Kuwait, which was attempting to control its oil reserves.

NAFTA

1994

U.S Canada and Mexico agreement to remove barriers with trade and investment. allowed them to trade easily.

Alfred Murrah

1995

In Oklahoma City a federal building was bombed killing 168 people.

Eric Rudolph

1997

He bombed the Olympics in Atlanta as well as several abortion clinics.

International Space Station

1998

used for scientific research, built by the US Europe Russia and Japan.