The great pyramids of Giza are the oldest of the Seven Wonders of the ancient world.
Predominant religion of India and Napal
Roman Empire Begins
One of the greatest empires in history Characterized by an autocratic form of government.
Persian Empire Begins
A war fought by Athens and Sparta that was divided into 3 phases.
a temple on the Athenian Aeropolis, Greece, dedicated to the maiden goddess Athena.
Alexander the Great
King of Macedon tutored by Aristotle. A smart king who took over many different empires but died at the age of 32.
Series of 3 wars fought between Rome and Carthage which were some of the largest wars that ever took place at the time.
Religion with many different sections.
Constantine Split Romas Empire
Edict of Milan
States that Christians are now tolerated in the Roman Empire.
Mayans and Aztecs
civilization that was very developed and was believed to predict the end of the world some people still speak Mayan today. Ethnic group of central Mexico who built great structures and dominated Mesoamerica until they were over taken by Spain.
Plague in Constantinople that killed 40% of the population which didn't return until the 14th century.
Mohammad is Born
A Muslim idle who has many influences on Muslim religion.
Great Wall of China
First part of the great wall of china was done
Holy Roman Emperor
Vikings start raiding Ireland
Set of military and legal customs in medieval Europe.
Compass that becomes common on ocean going ships in 1187.
Religious campaigns against Muslims pagans heretics and excommunicated people.
The Chinese issue the first paper money.
Eastern and Western part of the Roman Catholic Church separated.
Civilization in Peru who is defeated by the rising Inca empire in 1476.
The Bood of the Abacus
Book published by Leonardo Fibonacci that revolutionizes mathematics in Europe.
An empire that existed during the 13th and 14th century and was the largest land empire in human history.
Document that was forced on a lying of England that limits power.
Boston Tea Party
Eye glasses in Rome
Eyeglasses are common in Rome in 1300.
1300 - 1600
Period of growth in learning and the arts that followed the middle ages that resulted from a loss of faith in the church because of the crusades and black death.
Hundred Years War
Navigator from Portugal who sponsored many expeditions.
Civilization from the highlands of Peru which had many conquests all over South America.
Explorer from Portugal who discovered the cape of good hope.
Led the path to the Americans in 1492 from Spain.
Leonardo da Vinci
Renaissance artist who painted the famous painting the Mona Lisa and the last supper.
Namesake of the Americas and made journeys to Brazil.
Philosopher and writer during the renaissance.
Vasco da Gama
Became wealthy on trading expeditions to Portugal.
A pope who led a costly war and was also challenged by Martin Luther with the 95 theses.
Artist of the Renaissance era who painted the Sistine Chapel.
Conquered the Incan empire in south America.
an explorer who tried to reach the pacific ocean which he named and journeyed to the Philippians where he was killed.
Landed in Mexico and met with the Aztecs. They believed he was a god.
Devastating illness that hits England and kills Henry VIII's older brother.
A system of forced labor against native Americans used in plantations and farms that killed thousand of natives.
Line of Demarcation
A line drawn by pope Alexander VI to assign colonial spheres of interest in the Americans to Portugal and Spain.
Treaty of Tordesillas
Document that divided trading and colonizing rights for newly discovered land between Spain and Portugal.
Treaty of Tordesillas
A period of European economic expansion mercantilism and colonialism.
Church of England broke away from the authority of the Roman catholic church and the pope.
The triangular trade of slaves and goods lasted for hundreds of years. Slaves were captured and put on a boat and shipped to the new world
Vasco Nunez de Balboa
First European to see the pacific ocean.
He wrote the 95 these and put them on the door of the catholic church.
Massacre of St. Barthlemew
Tens of thousands of French Protestants were killed in France.
Phillip II of Spain
King of Spain and Portugal and Spain reached the height of its power under his reign.
Alvar Nunez Cabesa de vaca
First European to step foot in Texas.
Institutes of the Christian Religion
Book written by John Calvin the founder of Calvinism.
the emergence of modern science during the early modern period.
Francisco de Orellana
First European to navigate down the Amazon river.
Reformation of the catholic church after the great schism.
Pioneered the scientific method for experimentation.
Built own telescope was forced under house arrest for the rest of his life.
English poet and playwright widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language.
Pioneered the pioneered the scientific method for experimentation.
Created common wealth as lord protector but common wealth ends when he dies in 1658.
Dutch East India Company
One of the first multinational corporations that distributed thousands of items a day.
First settlement by the pilgrims, was originally meant for profit but the colony saw great deal of death from starvation.
A colony made by pilgrims who signed the mayflower contract before settling the land.
Louis XIV of France
Known as Lewis the great ruled as king of France for 72 years.
came up with 3 tools of motion and the low of universal gravitation.
Polish Jew Massacre
1/4 of Polis Jews are massacred many survivors move to Jerusalem.
Earliest poem written in English.
Peter the Great of Russia
Became King of Russia at 10 years old sought out to westernize Russia by going on a secret tour of Europe came back and forced his nobles to westernize and built a capital city of St. Petersburg.
Antoni Van Leeuwenhoek
Becomes the inventor of the microscope.
Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosopy
Book written by Isaac Newton which shows that the laws of heaven are the same as of earth.
was the overthrow of King James II of England by a union of English parliament.
Baron De Montesquieu
Believed in a system of checks and balances.
Philosopher who believed in a social contract between a government and their people where the government serves the people.
Jean Jacques Rousseau
Fought for personal liberties and individual freedom.
Wrote book wealth of nations outlining advantages of the free market.
French and Indian War
1754 - 1763
War fought between the British and combined forces of the French and native Americans over territory.
Scottish chemist discovers carbon dioxide and later the heat of fusion.
1760 - 1830
A transition to new manufacturing processed to improve efficiency in Europe and the us.
Treaty of Paris
French and Indian war peace treaty.
An incident by the British army soldiers who killed 5 civilian men and injured 6 others.
Declaration of Independence
A supreme law of the U.S that establishes separate powers and amendments.
Bill of Rights
An article that lists the first 10 amendments of the U.S constitution.
French citizens revolted against King Louis XVI and his queen Marie Antoinette because of economic hardship.
7 year war against France, winning their independence in 1798 and became a republic in 1820.
Mexico rose up behind Father Miguel Hidalgo who called for freedom until 1815 when he was executed.
Led uprising against Spain and Venezuela freeing it from Spain's rule also freed Ecuador Peru and Bolivia.
Germany, Italy, Austro-Hungary
Great Britain, France, Russia
Assasination of Franz Ferdinand
World War I
1914 - 1919
US Joins WWI
March on Rome
A march by the Italian dictator Benito Mussolini over political means.
1929 - 1939
FDR's New Deal
During the great depression president Franklin D. Roosevelt came into office and offered a deal to all citizens.
1939 - 1945
Over 6 million Jews were killed in Nazi death camps during hitlers reign in world war II.
World War II
World War II started when Adolf Hitler was ruler of Germany and wanted to have all the control possible of Europe and invaded other countries around him.
The Japanese surprise attack one of the United States army base and bomb them. After this they bomb Japan.
After the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor the US immediately took action and bombed one of japans cities.
After the first bomb the US dropped on japan they bombed them again and finally the Japanese surrendered.
1950 - 1984
Was an increase in technologies like pesticides fertilizers and herbicides that increased food production.
1954 - 1975
One of the most deadliest conflicts in America history that claimed hundreds of thousands of lives. North Vietnam invaded south Vietnam and eventually took it over.
Germany was divided in to two. The east and the west
Cuban Missle Crisis
This occurred when the Soviet Union gave Cuba missiles and the US didn't like that and blocked them from getting imports.
First man on the moon Neil Armstrong.
Chernobly Nuclear Disaster
An incident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant in Ukraine that released an explosion that killed hundreds.
Persian Gulf War
1990 - 1991
Between Iraq and UK by the U.S. Saddam Hussein occupied Kuwait, which was attempting to control its oil reserves.
U.S Canada and Mexico agreement to remove barriers with trade and investment. allowed them to trade easily.
In Oklahoma City a federal building was bombed killing 168 people.
He bombed the Olympics in Atlanta as well as several abortion clinics.
International Space Station
used for scientific research, built by the US Europe Russia and Japan.