Italy

AP European History Course - Italy, Catholic church

Politics

Oligarchies and despots

1300

throughout the century.

Invasion by France

1494

Imperial Sack of Rome

1527

Italian city-states VS Charles V (papacy)
Papacy won

Unification

1859 - 1870

from city-states to an actual country (like it is now)

United Nations

1945

Economic

Great Depression

1929 - 1939

Social

Black Death arrives

1347

first in Messina, Sicily
then in Venice and Genoa

Peasant revolts

1378

in Florence. Over economic troubles.

Slavery inports

1400

African slaves into Italy for the century

Population increase

1750

start of

Military

World War I

1914 - 1918

Central Powers VS Allies.
Italy (Allies) won, but received nothing from the Treaty of Versailles.
made them bitter for WWII

World War II

1939 - 1945

Axis Powers.
invaded France.
fought in Africa.

Religious

Babylonian Captivity

1307 - 1377

Pope Clement V in France.
Effected the economy (lots depended on tourism generated by the papacy in Rome)

Great Schism

1377 - 1418

Two different Popes. In Avignon and Rome.
ended with the Council of Constance = got rid of the other Popes (3) and replaced them with Pope Martin V.

Cultural

Francesco Petrarch

1304

Father of Humanism.

Divine Comedy

1310

by Dante Alighieri.
Written in the vernacular.
Depicts a journey through hell, purgatory, and heaven.

Leonardo da Vinci

1452

sculptor, painter, inventor, writer, Renaissance man.
Mona Lisa, Last Supper, Lady with an Ermine, Madonna Litta,

Michelangelo

1483

sculptor, painter, architect, poet.
Sistine Chapel, David.

Raphael

1483

painter, architect.
School of Athens.

The Prince

1513

by Machiavelli
political power: leader should gain, maintain, and increase it
humanist

The Courtier

1528

by Castiglione
tribute to life in court

Ursuline

1544

order for education of women
established by Merici

Galileo Galilei

1564

heliocentric theory
advancements to the telescope

Enightenment arrives

1690

Romanticism arrives

1790

Leaders

Medici - Florence

1343 - 1394

Cosimo, Piero, Lorenzo, Piero (a different one)

Napoleon

1802 - 1805

when he was on that conquering streak of his and invaded Italy for a few years

Mussolini

1822 - 1845

fascist
totalitarian