This new economic plan that was launched by Lenin re-established limited economic freedom in order to rebuild agriculture and industry. Peasants were able to sell their surpluses, and small traders began to reappear.
Mussolini steps forward as a hero in Italy
He would go around giving speeches, gaining the trust and support of army leaders and demanding the resignation of the government.
Mussolini gains power in Italy
A group of fascists marched on Rome and threatened the king, who called upon Mussolini to create a new cabinet. Therefore, Mussolini seized power "legally."
Lenin dies with no successor
Lenin died with no named successor, leaving Stalin and Trotsky to fight for leadership.
Stalin comes to power
After expelling Trotsky from the country and appealing to the young militant communists, Stalin then condemned all "deviation from the general party line" and gained total power in Russia.
The first 'five year plan'
The goal of these plans was to create new attitudes, loyalties, and new economic measures. They rapidly advanced Russia, modernizing it very fast.
In this agreement, Mussolini recognized the Vatican as an independent state, in exchange for financial and political support from the pope.
Stalin begin forcing peasants into collective farms, making them give up their land and animals.
Hitler comes to power
March 23, 1933
The Enabling Act gave Hitler absolute power for 4 years. After this was passed, the Nazis quickly moved to smash all opposition.
The Great Purges
Stalin had 16 Old Bolshevik men confess to all sorts of plots in public trials in Moscow, and then had his secret police captured many more lower level members, doing the same to them.
In Germany, Jewish stores and synagogues were destroyed, and then the Jews were rounded up and forced to pay for the damage.
World War 2 begins
September 1, 1939
German armies entered Poland, and two days later Britain and France declared war on Germany, beginning the Second World War.
Pearl Harbor attack
The Japanese bombed the American Pearl Harbor in Hawaii, bringing the United States into the war.
The Soviets completely surrounded the German troops at Stalingrad, and killed approximately 2/3 of the army before they surrendered.
The invasion of Normandy
June 6, 1944
over a 100 day period, over 2 million troops pushed onto the beaches of Normandy, and the Allies advanced in a broad front towards Berlin.
May 7, 1945
Hitler committed suicide in his bunker, and the remaining German commanders surrendered.
August 14, 1945
Following the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the Japanese officially surrendered. World War 2 was over.