This new economic plan that was launched by Lenin re-established limited economic freedom in order to rebuild agriculture and industry. Peasants were able to sell their surpluses, and small traders began to reappear.
He would go around giving speeches, gaining the trust and support of army leaders and demanding the resignation of the government.
A group of fascists marched on Rome and threatened the king, who called upon Mussolini to create a new cabinet. Therefore, Mussolini seized power "legally."
Lenin died with no named successor, leaving Stalin and Trotsky to fight for leadership.
After expelling Trotsky from the country and appealing to the young militant communists, Stalin then condemned all "deviation from the general party line" and gained total power in Russia.
The goal of these plans was to create new attitudes, loyalties, and new economic measures. They rapidly advanced Russia, modernizing it very fast.
Stalin begin forcing peasants into collective farms, making them give up their land and animals.
In this agreement, Mussolini recognized the Vatican as an independent state, in exchange for financial and political support from the pope.
The Enabling Act gave Hitler absolute power for 4 years. After this was passed, the Nazis quickly moved to smash all opposition.
Stalin had 16 Old Bolshevik men confess to all sorts of plots in public trials in Moscow, and then had his secret police captured many more lower level members, doing the same to them.
In Germany, Jewish stores and synagogues were destroyed, and then the Jews were rounded up and forced to pay for the damage.
German armies entered Poland, and two days later Britain and France declared war on Germany, beginning the Second World War.
The Japanese bombed the American Pearl Harbor in Hawaii, bringing the United States into the war.
The Soviets completely surrounded the German troops at Stalingrad, and killed approximately 2/3 of the army before they surrendered.
over a 100 day period, over 2 million troops pushed onto the beaches of Normandy, and the Allies advanced in a broad front towards Berlin.
Hitler committed suicide in his bunker, and the remaining German commanders surrendered.
Following the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the Japanese officially surrendered. World War 2 was over.