Chapter 29 Timeline

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New Economic Policy

March 1921

This new economic plan that was launched by Lenin re-established limited economic freedom in order to rebuild agriculture and industry. Peasants were able to sell their surpluses, and small traders began to reappear.

Mussolini steps forward as a hero in Italy

1922

He would go around giving speeches, gaining the trust and support of army leaders and demanding the resignation of the government.

Mussolini gains power in Italy

October 1922

A group of fascists marched on Rome and threatened the king, who called upon Mussolini to create a new cabinet. Therefore, Mussolini seized power "legally."

Lenin dies with no successor

1924

Lenin died with no named successor, leaving Stalin and Trotsky to fight for leadership.

Stalin comes to power

1927

After expelling Trotsky from the country and appealing to the young militant communists, Stalin then condemned all "deviation from the general party line" and gained total power in Russia.

The first 'five year plan'

1928

The goal of these plans was to create new attitudes, loyalties, and new economic measures. They rapidly advanced Russia, modernizing it very fast.

Collectivization begins

1929

Stalin begin forcing peasants into collective farms, making them give up their land and animals.

Lateran Agreement

1929

In this agreement, Mussolini recognized the Vatican as an independent state, in exchange for financial and political support from the pope.

Hitler comes to power

March 23, 1933

The Enabling Act gave Hitler absolute power for 4 years. After this was passed, the Nazis quickly moved to smash all opposition.

The Great Purges

1936

Stalin had 16 Old Bolshevik men confess to all sorts of plots in public trials in Moscow, and then had his secret police captured many more lower level members, doing the same to them.

Kristallnacht

1938

In Germany, Jewish stores and synagogues were destroyed, and then the Jews were rounded up and forced to pay for the damage.

World War 2 begins

September 1, 1939

German armies entered Poland, and two days later Britain and France declared war on Germany, beginning the Second World War.

Pearl Harbor attack

December 1941

The Japanese bombed the American Pearl Harbor in Hawaii, bringing the United States into the war.

Soviet counterattack

November 1942

The Soviets completely surrounded the German troops at Stalingrad, and killed approximately 2/3 of the army before they surrendered.

The invasion of Normandy

June 6, 1944

over a 100 day period, over 2 million troops pushed onto the beaches of Normandy, and the Allies advanced in a broad front towards Berlin.

German surrender

May 7, 1945

Hitler committed suicide in his bunker, and the remaining German commanders surrendered.

Japanese surrender

August 14, 1945

Following the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the Japanese officially surrendered. World War 2 was over.