The Cold War

United States

Cody's Part

1945 - 1993

Yalta Conference

02/04/1945 - 02/11/1945

The United States meets with the Soviet Union and the UK. The Allied forces are going to occupy Germany for a short time, then leave. The great leaders in Roosevelt and Churchill were skeptical that the evil Stalin would keep his pledge that the Eastern Europeans would have free elections.

Potsdam Conference

07/17/1945 - 08/02/1945

Roosevelt's great successor Harry S. Truman meets with Churchill and the ever-worsening Stalin to discuss the subject of free elections for Eastern Europeans. Stalin refuses to permit free elections. The Soviet Union cannot control Eastern Europe! The Allies must try and talk Stalin out of this absurd notion. An Iron Curtain has been raised in Europe; there is a fear that the Allies may lose economic and political access to some of these countries for a long time.

Iron Curtain

05/05/1946

The boundary between the democratic nations of Western Europe and the communist countries of Eastern Europe. The idealization of the boundary being "iron" came from Winston Churchill.

Marshall Plan

04/01/1948 - 12/31/1951

We must use Containment to try and stop the spread of Communism in Europe. We will invigorate the economies of Western Europe to try and convince them that Capitalism is the way to go! The United States gives economic aid (food, money, materials, etc.) to Western Europe to help in the process of rebuilding and prevent the spread of evil Communism any farther.

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) formed

04/04/1949

In response to Stalin's increasing aggression, the United States forms a pact with Canada and ten Western European countries as a defensive military alliance. An attack to any member would be met with an armed force of all the other members combined. It is a form of collective security.

Explosion of Joe 1

8/29/49

The Soviet Union began to threaten the United States and the rest of the world when they exploded their first atomic weapon, Joe 1. This evil action pushed the two superpowers to an arms race and brinkmanship became common. The arms race led to the formation of the hydrogen bomb (the United States still beat the Soviet Union to it though).

Korean War

06/25/1950 - 07/27/1953

The 38th parallel is a line that crosses the Korean Peninsula at 38 degrees north latitude and divides Korea into North and South Korea. North Korea received help from the Soviet Union and China, but they could not overcome the awesome forces of South Korea, the United States, Britain, and 13 other countries from the United Nations. More than 4 million soldiers and civilians died in the conflict, and the dividing line between the Communist North Korea and anti-communist South Korea remained in roughly the same place. The two countries signed a cease-fire agreement and were separated by a demilitarized zone. North Korea continued to have serious economic problems but built up nuclear weapons while South Korea's economy grew at a rapid rate.

Containment

January 1952

Policy enacted by Harry Truman in order to stop the spread of communism. The Marshall plan was the epitome of this idea by spreading wealth to countries that bordered communist countries.

Domino Theory

January 1954

The idea that, if not held in check, communism would become an unstoppable idea that would pit capitalist countries in danger. Fueled by McCarthyism.

Formation of the Warsaw Pact

5/14/55

The Soviet Union saw the formation of NATO as a threat and foolishly formed the Warsaw Pact in response to it. It was a collective security agreement between the Soviet Union, East Germany, Czechoslovakia, Poland, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, and Albania. They didn't have a chance from the beginning. The Berlin Wall between East and West Germany was built to "divide the world into rival camps".

Vietnam War

11/01/1955 - 04/30/1975

The Vietnam War was fought between North Vietnam, the Vietcong, China, and the Soviet Union and the United States, France, and South Vietnam. This war ended when the United States began Vietnamization (slowly pulling troops out and leaving the fighting to Vietnam). When all the U. S. troops were recalled, North Vietnam shortly overran South Vietnam. The government of Vietnam has sadly remained Communist since this incident.

Suez Canal Crisis

10/29/1956 - 11/07/1956

This crisis began the same year the second Arab-Israeli War did. Egypt seized control of the Suez Canal from the British. This seizure was prompted by Nasser's (President of Egypt) anger over the loss of U.S. and British financial support for the building of the Answan Dam. The British made an agreement with France and Israel to retake the canal from the awful Egyptians, which they did very quickly. However, pressure from the world community, including the awesome United States and the not so awesome Soviet Union, forced all attacking forces to withdraw from Egypt. This final action gave Egypt control of the Canal and ended the Crisis.

Sputnik Launched

10/4/57

Sputnik was the first unmanned satellite to fly above the earth's atmosphere...of course it was from the Soviet Union. This breakthrough pushed the United States to begin a space race and launch a satellite of its own the following year. The science and education programs of the two countries were dramatically advanced to help provide future thinkers to continue on the space and arms races. An intercontinental ballistic missile was used to propel the horrible Soviet satellite into space.

Cuban Missile Crisis

10/14/1962 - 11/20/1962

President John F Kennedy receives news that the Soviets are installing Missile launching sites in Cuba. The nation goes on high alert for a few days. Kennedy geniusly orders a naval blockade of Cuba, forcing the evil Soviets to remove their missiles from the island. Khrushchev agreed to remove the missiles in return for a U.S. promise not to invade Cuba. This occurrence is an excellent example of brinkmanship.

Brinkmanship

November 1964

A policy of threatening to go to war in response to any enemy aggression. Cuban Missile Crisis was the best example of this.

Apollo 11: First Man on Moon

07/20/1969

Apollo 11 was the spaceflight that landed the first humans, Americans Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin, on the Moon on July 20, 1969. Get some of that, USSR!

Strategic Arms Limitation Talks

11/17/1969 - May 1972

A series of meetings between evil Soviet Premier Brezhnev and United States President Nixon where the SALT I Treaty was signed. This 5 year agreement limited the number of intercontinental ballistic and submarine-launched missiles each country could have.

Détente

1971 - 12/24/1979

A policy of lessening Cold War tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union that replaced brinkmanship. This happened under U.S. President Nixon and Soviet Premier Brezhnev.

Invasion of Afghanistan

12/24/79 - 2/15/89

The Soviet Union harshly invaded Afghanistan with the expectation of quickly propping up the Afghan Communists and then withdrawing. However, they foolishly became stuck in this conflict when the rebels received aid and weapons from the United States. The United States had armed the rebels because they considered the Soviet invasion a threat to Middle Eastern oil supplies.

Operation Cyclone

January 1980 - February 1989

Operation Cyclone was the code name for the United States Central Intelligence Agency program to arm and finance the Afghan mujahideen prior to and during the Soviet war in Afghanistan, 1979 to 1989. The program leaned heavily towards supporting militant Islamic groups that were favored by neighboring Pakistan, rather than other, less ideological Afghan resistance groups that had also been fighting the Marxist-oriented Democratic Republic of Afghanistan regime since before the Soviet intervention. Operation Cyclone was one of the longest and most expensive covert CIA operations ever undertaken; funding began with $20–30 million per year in 1980 and rose to $630 million per year in 1987. Funding continued after 1989 as the Mujahideen battled the forces of Mohammad Najibullah's PDPA during the Civil war in Afghanistan (1989–1992).

Boycott of 1980 Summer Olypmics in Moscow

07/19/1980 - 08/03/1980

United States President Jimmy Carter ordered a U.S. boycott of the 1980 Moscow Olympics to protest the Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan.

Strategic Defense Initiative

1984 - 1993

A program designed to protect the awesome United States from enemy missiles (prob USSR missiles) that was never actually put into effect; however, it remained a symbol of U.S. anti-Communist sentiment.

Soviet Union

Sam's Part

1945 - 1993

Yalta Conference

02/04/1945 - 02/11/1945

We meet with the United Staes and Great Britain. They agree to let us occupy most of Eastern Europe! LOL. Now we can begin instigating Communist Revolutions around the world.

Potsdam Conference

07/17/1945 - 08/02/1945

This new American goober Truman is going to try and convince us to give up Eastern Europe. What a laugh! Communism cannot coexist with Capitalism.

Iron Curtain

05/05/1946

Since our policy of communism is the best, and the lower class will spontaneously rise to form a global communist state, we must make our countries closed to the outside world, outlaw religion, and discourage people from leaving their home country. This nickname "Iron Curtain," from Winston Churchill is very fitting.

Marshall Plan

04/01/1948 - 12/31/1951

CAPITALISM!!!!!! How can the United States possibly think that would work? Why are they fooling around in Europe anyway? Why won't they go back to their old policy of isolationism?

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Formed

04/04/1949

The countries of Western Europe and America are scared of us! They have formed themselves a little alliance in case we decide to cause trouble. They will combine forces against us if we attack any one of their members.

Joe 1 detonated

08/29/1949

These Americans think they are the only ones who can unlock the secrets of nuclear technology? Behold! Our own Joe 1, named after his greatness Stalin himself, has shown the world we are a nuclear power. We are not afraid to use this new found power on the United States!

Korean War

06/25/1950 - 07/27/1953

Our idea of a spontaneous world workers' revolution has taken hold! Communist forces in North Korea, using our technology, have taken over South Korea. Capitalism has no chance! With China's help, at North Korea's communism, at least, is secure.

Containment

January 1952

In order to prevent the global Communist Revolution from occurring, the capitalist nations have been pumping money into Western European nations. You do realize that that has traces of Socialism in it, America?

Domino Theory

January 1954

The countries of Western Europe are afraid of the glorious global Communist Revolution, so much so that they have given it their own little name.

Warsaw Pact established

05/14/1955

In response to NATO, we have gathered together the allegiance of all Easter European countries (It's not like they had the choice anyway...).

Vietnam War

11/01/1955 - 04/30/1975

As with Korea, the values of Communism have taken hold in Vietnam. Comrade Hồ Chí Minh has spread these values to the people of the North. We will supply them with weapons and political backup. The Americans will not be able to defeat them with their intimate knowledge of the land and their guerrilla tactics.

Suez Canal Crisis

10/29/1956 - 11/07/1956

We support the Palestinians because they called for our help, and they are anti-American. After WWII, the Western Powers forces the Palestinians to leave the area to make way for refugees from the Holocaust. The Palestinians asked for our help, and we have been providing them with arms, tanks, and airplanes. The United States, Great Britain, and France have been providing the same for Israel. For years, Britain has operated the Suez Canal. Egypt decided it would take it over, and it did. British-backed Israel took it back. Thankfully, the United States also disagreed with this action, and Israel was forced to back down.

Sputnik I: First Vehicle in Space

10/04/1957

Get out son! We got the first man-made thing is space. This is going to make the Americans super angry :).

Caribbean Operation

July 1962 - 11/20/1962

Nikita Khrushchev begins talks with Fidel Castro in Cuba about installing nuclear launching pads, only 90 miles off the Florida coast. The covert operation is disrupted when American reconnaissance planes take photos of the missiles and alert President Kennedy. Kennedy's blockade forces Khrushchev to give up his plans.

Brinkmanship

November 1964

This is a technique the Americans have been using to prevent us from having our way with placing missiles around the globe. The best example of this was after they found out about our Caribbean Operation.

Apollo 11: First Man on Moon

07/20/1969

Unbelievably, the Americans have beaten us to place the first man on the moon. This is a crushing blow for mother Russia.

Strategic Arms Limitation Talks

11/17/1969 - May 1972

Aw man! Brezhnev is a wimp. He is...negotiating with the Americans. We now have a limited number of ballistic missiles.

Détente (релаксация)

1971 - 12/24/1979

Peace...with...Americans. What excitement is there in that? Let's...invade Afghanistan or something.
Мира ... с ... американцами. Что шумиха есть в этом? Давайте ... вторжении в Афганистан или что-то.

Invasion of Afghanistan

12/24/1979 - 02/15/1989

We are tired of having these supposed "allies" (ehem, Egypt) betray our interests, so we'll just invade Afghanistan. Man, aren't these locals giving us some trouble...

Boycott of 1984 Summer Olypmics in Los Angeles

07/28/1984 - 08/12/1984

If this is how we are going to play this game, America, then so be it. Boycott for boycott.