The british first maintained an economic supremacy in Chin through the Opium trade. However, the government was against such trade and sent Lin Tse-Hsu to the market to force them to obey Chinese law. Revolts eventually led to looser economic restrictions.
Japan was primarily an isolationist in Asia but America sought them as a trading partner. Despite several attempts to make peace negotiations, Japan did not want to open up trade. Perry was eventually sent in and pretty much forced them to open their ports and Japan obeyed realizing their inferiority.
India was under British rule and proved to be a great economic benefit to british merchants and the upper class. The Great Rebellion was also a mutiny where the indians tried to revolt against the british but were violently put down and Britain took direct control of India
Ismail was a western educated prince and helped the agriculture industry boom with his use of irrigation. He also attempted to westernize society. His projects were ultimately too expensive like the Suez Canal. His inability to pay Egypts debt led France and Britain to take control.
After an American fleet destroyed key Samurai fort, the shoguns government diminished. Eventually, a radical samurai took control of the government and restored the emperor to the head of the government.
This was the canal that linked the Red Sea and the Medeteranian ocean. It was one of the most costly projects of Ismail and led to the eventual occupation of Egypt by France and Great Britain.
As Europe began the scramble for colony in Africa, countries began to war over land such as the British and Afrikaners in the Cape colony. Bismarck called the Berlin Conference to set the guidelines for claiming territory and respecting existing claims.
This was the first political party in India. It was mostly made up of wealthy Indian upper class. They began to call for equality similar to that of the british colonies in Canada and Australia.
The hundred days of reform was the Chinese governments attempt to appeal to the public. It was also a way to economically and culturally catch up to western societies like the Meiji Restoration.
This was the belief similar to that social darwinism. It claimed that it was a European duty to civilize and help out third world countries. This was one of the main justifications for European imperialism.
Hobson was one of the most prominent critics of imperialism during this time. His work, Imperialism, claimed that imperialism was a result of uncontrolled capitalism that only benefitted the rich. He shows that imperialism was not accepted by everyone at this time.
As world trade grew, so did the total world wide value. a value of 38 Billion was 25 times as large as it was in 1800. It reflects how the economy was growing so fast due to an interconnected market.