Laws are passed in Byzantine that oppose the Jews. This causes a great decline in the Jewish population in Eastern Rome.
532 - 533
A riot broke out in Constantinople during Justinian's reign, nearly causing him to give up. However, his wife Theodora helped encourage him to stay and put down the revolt resulting in him regaining greatness.
Charlemagne "Holy Roman Emperor"
800 - 801
Charlemagne, who was the king of the Franks, is named "Holy Roman Emperor" by Pope Leo III.
Split of Eastern and Western Church
1054 - 1055
A rivalry began between the Eastern and Western church when the pope of the West told the patriarch of the East that he was taking over the churches in southern Italy. This lead to a split of the two.
Battle of Manzikert
1071 - 1072
The Seljuk Turks became a powerful Asia Minor tribe and took over territory belonging to the Byzantine in the Battle of Manzikert
The Fourth Crusade
1204 - 1205
Venetian merchants sent out Christian soldiers to Constantinople to take over the city. The crusade was successful and Constantinople was lost.
Fall of Constantinople
1453 - 1454
The Turks, after multiple attempts, finally broke through Constantinople's strong walls. During the fight Constantine XI was killed.
Battle of Hastings
1066 - 1067
French duke of Normandy William fought Harold, the earl of Wessex for the throne of England. William won and started the Norman dynasty in England.
Henry II Comes to Power
1154 - 1189
Henry II became king of England through the bloodline of William. He invented the idea of common law and what is now a grand jury.
1215 - 1216
Magna Carta, which is Latin for Great Charter, was a document that king John was forced to sign. It limited the king's power and made him subject to the law.
The Black Death
1348 - 1400
The Black Death sweeps across Europe, killing millions. It was incurable and untreatable.
King James Bible
1611 - 1612
In 1611 James I assigned 50 scholars to transcribe the Bible into English. We now refer to this as the King James Version.
Battle of Naseby
1645 - 1646
This battle where Roundheads defeated the king's nobility provided a sway in power. Now the people were gaining more say in political matters.
The Glorious Revolution
1688 - 1689
The Glorious Revolution earned its name by having no bloodshed. It also brought co-rulers William and Mary who signed the Bill of Rights which limited their power.
1232 - 1233
When the Catholic church dominated medieval culture, Inquisition was started in Spain to punish anyone who went against the teachings of the church.
Ferdinand and Isabella
1469 - 1492
Spain officially became a nation when Ferdinand married Isabella. They immediately worked to get rid of Muslim and Jewish influence who had previously dominated the area.
1492 - 1493
Spain sent Portuguese explorer Christopher Columbus to sail around the world. He brought discoveries of the "New World" which led to exploration and colonization in the years following.
Line of Demarcation
1493 - 1494
To ensure no fighting would occur between Portugal and Spain over the newly discovered land, Pope Alexander VI made a line to separate the two's territories. This gave Spain almost all of the New World.
1519 - 1539
Spanish explorer Cortes landed in Mexico and defeated the Aztecs, gaining tons of gold. He then started what is now Mexico City.
1519 - 1522
Ferdinand Magellan started what would become the first circumnavigation of the world. This confirmed the fact that the world was round.
1588 - 1589
A huge fleet of ships were sent out by Spain to invade England. This armada was shutdown by England and Spain went into a downfall.
Battle of Tours
732 - 733
Charles Martel successfully stopped the Muslim advance into Europe. This famously earned him the title "The Hammer".
987 - 988
After a long line of weak rulers Paris made Hugh Capet their king. He helped start a feudal monarchy in France.
1180 - 1223
Phillip II is widely know to be the founder of France. Phillip II was able to take land from King John and expand France's rule.
1226 - 1270
The only king to be named a saint, King Louis IX displayed great compassion for his people and was beloved by most.
Edict of Nantes
1598 - 1685
This Edict which allowed religious toleration was revoked by Louis XIV in an effort to create uniform worship. This caused great persecution for Christians in Spain.
1661 - 1715
Louis XIV was the chief example of Absolutism. He called himself the state, meaning all of Spain revolved around him. He built himself the palace of Versailles.
1796 - 1821
Napoleon had a very strong influence during his time in French rule. He made France into a world power and had several conquests.
March 5, 1770 - March 6, 1770
A feud broke out between the people in Boston and English troops. The troops ended up shooting several of the civilians resulting in a huge controversy and a growing hate for English troops.
Boston Tea Party
December 16, 1773 - December 17, 1773
The Sons of Liberty made a political statement by throwing boxes of tea into the Boston Harbor. This was a protest against the Tea Act.
Declaration of Independance
July 4, 1776 - July 5, 1776
America announced its Independence from Britain by writing this document. July 4 is a national holiday celebrating our Independence.
1803 - 1804
President Thomas Jefferson bought over 800 thousand square miles of land owned by the French. This allowed America to adventure further West.
American Civil War
January 29, 1861 - April 15, 1865
The North beat the South, preventing them from seceding from the Union. This also brought an end to slavery in the U.S.
George Washington becomes President
April 30, 1879 - May 1, 1879
America elects its first President in George Washington. This was the start of U.S.'s government system of a republic.
Invention of Basketball
1891 - 1892
James Naismith invented a sport which is now a multi-billion dollar industry. The game of basketball has also become famous overseas.