Abraham Lincoln is elected President

November 6, 1860

Union Blockade of Southern ports begins

April 19,1861

Battle of Antietam

September 17,1862

Emancipation Proclamation takes effect

January 1,1863

The Union gains control of the Mississippi River

May 1863 - July 4,1863

African American troops attack Fort Wagner

July 18,1863

President Lincoln delivers the Gettysburg Address

November 19,1863

Congress gives black and white troops equal pay

June 1864

The Confederacy surrenders to the Union

April 9,1865

President Lincoln is killed

April 15,1865 22:00


South Carolina is the first state to break away from the United States

December 1860

six more states secede

December 1860 - February 1,1861

Confederate States of America formed

February 8,1861

Confederate forces fire on U.S. troops at Fort Sumter

April 12,1861 4:30 - April 13,1861 14:30

First Battle of Bull Run

July 21,1861