Untitled timeline

Main

GREEN

8000 BCE - 600 BCE

Beginning of Agricultural Societies
Reliance and at mercy of nature
River valley civilizations

PURPLE

600 BC - 600

Rise of classical civilizations
Religious/cultural development
Communication & trade networks develop

Global

Neolithic Revolution (Agricultural Revolution)

8000 BCE - 3000 BCE

Transition from foraging and pastoral societies to agricultural, city/town lifestyles
Food surpluses allowed focus to shift from surviving to thriving
Began to change the environment and altering the landscape; used animals as labor and food
Stone tools => knowledge to use metal for tools

Bronze Age

3600 BCE - 1200 BCE

Use of bronze through combo of copper and tin

North America

Latin America

Africa

Europe

Middle East

Sumer (Erech, Ur, Kish)

3000 BCE - 1700 BCE

Successful agriculture/river management
Cuneiform: writing used to wrie laws, treaties, etc. and spread over trade routes
Introduction of the wheel enhances trade
Polytheistic religion; each city state worship particular god with certain gods worship by all
Ziggurats: terraced pyramids to appease gods
Believed that disasters were wrath of gods as result of unpredictability of rivers

Assyrians

1730 BCE - 605 BCE

Learned to use iron weapons
Est. capitial at Nineveh
Cruel but disciplined
Put those who led uprisings to exile => cultural diffusion

Babylon

1700 BCE - 1500 BCE

Code of Hammurabi - "eye for an eye" approach, distinguished minor/major offenses, sense of justice, but social inequalities evident
Fell to invasions by the Kassites and Hittites with use of iron

Central Asia

South Asia

East Asia

Southeast Asia