Civil War Tineline


Fort Sumter

April 12, 1861 - April 14, 1861

Charleston Harbor, South Carolina
Robert Anderson (USA), P.G.T. Beauregard (CSA)
Confederate victory
Began Civil War, and prompted four more states to join the

First Battle of Bull Run

July 21, 1861

Prince William County, Virginia
Irvin McDowell (USA), Joseph E. Johnson, P.G.T. Beauregard (CSA)
Confederate victory
Lincoln has to replace McDowell’s
leadership of Union armywith George B. McClellan

Battle of Port Royal

November 3, 1861 - November 7, 1861

Port Royal Sound, South Carolina
Samuel F. Du Pont, Thomas W. Sherman (USA),
Thomas F. Drayton, Josiah Tattnall (CSA)
Union victory
Lincoln issues a war order authorizing the Union to launch a
unified aggressive action against the Confederacy,
which is ignored by McClellan

Monitor vs Merrimack

March 8, 1862 - March 9, 1862

Off of Sewell’s Point, near the mouth of Hampton Roads, Virginia
Louis M. Goldsborough, John Marston (USA),
Franklin Buchanan, Catesby ap Roger Jones (CSA)
Inconclusive victory (though the Union suffered the most damage)
First naval battle between ironclad ships,
changed warship designs from wooden-hulled ships to iron monitors

Battle of Shiloh

April 6, 1862 - April 7, 1862

Hardin County, Tennessee
Ulysses S. Grant, Don Carlos Buell (USA),
Albert Sidney Johnston, P.G.T. Beauregard (CSA)
Union victory
The bloodiest battle in Civil War (and American) history

Capture of New Orleans

April 25, 1862 - May 1, 1862

New Orleans and St. Bernard Parish, Louisiana
David G. Farragut, Benjamin Butler (USA), Mansfield Lovell (CSA)
Union victory
New Orleans comes under Union control, capture of largest
Confederate city is major turning point in Union’s favor

Battle of Seven Pines

May 31, 1862 - June 1, 1862

Henrico County, Virginia
George B. McClellan (USA), Joseph E. Johnston, G.W. Smith (CSA)
Inconclusive victory
Joseph E. Johnson is severely wounded,
Robert E. Lee gains leadership of North Virginia army,
marked end of Union offensive, leading to Seven Days Battles

Battle of Antietam

September 17, 1862

Washington County, near Sharpsburg, Maryland
George B. McClellan (USA), Robert E. Lee (CSA)
Tactically inconclusive, strategic Union victory
Gives Abraham Lincoln the confidence to announce
Emancipation Proclamation

Battle of Fredericksburg

December 11, 1862 - December 15, 1862

Spotsylvania County and Fredericksburg, Virginia
Ambrose E. Burnside (USA), Robert E. Lee (CSA)
Confederate victory
This failure, combined with disastrous “Mud March,”
led to Burnside’s replacement by Joseph Hooker

Emancipation Proclamation

January 1, 1863

Ordered in Washington DC
Abraham Lincoln
Positive impact on Union
Declared all slaves in Confederate states freed
and eventually led to ratification of Thirteenth Amendment.

The First Conscription Act

March 3, 1863

Ordered in Washington DC
37th United States Congress
Added manpower to Union army
Required conscription of every male citizen aged 20-45,
enforcement led to New York Draft Riots

Siege of Vicksburg

May 18, 1863 - July 4, 1863

Warren County, Mississippi
Ulysses S. Grant (USA), John C. Pemberton (CSA)
Decisive Union victory
Considered one of the turning points of the war,
cut off communication with several Confederate forces for a year

Battle of Gettysburg

July 1, 1863 - July 3, 1863

Gettysburg, Adams County, Pennsylvania
George G. Meade, John F. Reynolds (USA), Robert E. Lee (CSA)
Union victory
Lincoln used battle’s dedication ceremony to honor fallen
Union soldiers and change purpose of war with Gettysburg Address

Battle of Olustee

February 20, 1864

Baker County, Florida
Truman Seymour (USA), Joseph Finegan (CSA)
Confederate victory
Largest Civil War battle fought in Florida

Battle of Atlanta

July 22, 1864

Fulton County, Georgia
William T. Sherman, James B. McPherson (USA), John Bell Hood (CSA)
Union victory
Significantly boosted Northern morale, allowing for the reelection of Lincoln

Lincoln's re-election

November 8, 1864

Washington DC
Greatly benefits Union
Abraham Lincoln (Republicans), George B. McClellan (Democrats)
Lincoln’s victory deletes all possibility of compromise with South,
destroys Confederate’s last hope at triumph

Sherman's March

November 15, 1864 - December 21, 1864

William T. Sherman (USA)
Benefited Union
Sherman's forces destroyed military targets
as well as civilian and economical property as well.
With it, he demoralized destroyed much of the Confederacy's
capacity to wage war.

Battle of Natural Bridge

March 6, 1865

Leon County, Florida
John Newton (USA), Sam Jones, William Miller (CSA)
Confederate victory
Prevented the Union from capturing the capitol and made
Tallahassee the only Confederate capitol east of the
Mississippi River not captured by the Union

Lee's surrender at Appomattox

April 9, 1865

Appomattox County, Virginia, at Appomattox Court House
Ulysses S. Grant, George G. Meade, Edward Ord, Phillip Sheridan (USA),
Robert E. Lee (CSA)
Union victory, Confederate surrender
Officially ended Civil War

Lincoln's assassination

April 14, 1865 10:15 p.m.

Washington DC
Abraham Lincoln (victim), John Wilkes Booth (assassin)
Benefited former Confederacy
Slowed Reconstruction process,
intensified North/South hatred,
VP Andrew Johnson granted white southerners more rights,
and took many former slaves’ rights