Spain

AP European History Course - Spain, Portugal

Politics

Castile and Aragon unified

1469

Brought two kingdoms together.
Made Spain.
By the marriage of Isabella of Castile and Ferdinand II of Aragon.

Christopher Columbus finds America

1492

for the Spanish monarchy
Sponsored by Isabella.
was looking for India

Reconquista completed

1492

Granada merged with Castile/Aragon, uniting all of Spain.

Now all of the peninsula was Catholic.
Before, was Muslim.

Treaty of Tordesillas

1494

To divide the discovered land in the Americas between Portugal and Spain.

Drew a line about half way through Brazil. Left = Spanish. Right = Portuguese.

Portugal - East Indian spice trade

1511

gains contol

United Nations

1955

joined

European Union

1986

joined

Economic

Great Depression

1929 - 1939

Social

Discovery of Pacific

1513

by Vasco Núñez Balboa

Conquering Central and South America

1520 - 1550

By Spain and Portugal.
- huge inflow of gold --> "Golden Century of Spain", prices rose all over Europe
Spanish conquistadors: Hernando Cortéz, Francisco Pizarro

Circumnavigation

1522

by Ferdinand Magellan. Portuguese.
through the Straight of Magellan.

Military

Spanish Armada defeated

1588

Sailed against England because they didn't want them to be in charge of the Netherlands.
Lost due to superior English vessles
- smaller
- faster
- more of them
- better arms

War of Spanish Succession

1701 - 1713

England VS France for Spanish throne
Result: Philip V as king (British victory)
Treaty of Utrecht

Spanish-American War

1898

Americans defended Cuba from the Spanish.

World War I

1914 - 1918

Spain was neutral.

Spanish Civil War

1936 - 1939

Republicans VS Nationalists. Nationalists win.

World War II

1939 - 1945

Spain didn't play a part.

Religious

Spanish Inquisition founded

1480

To find/convict Jews who still practiced Judaism after being 'converted' to Catholicism.

So effective, used for Muslims and Protestants later in history.

Jews expelled

1492

Society of Jesus

1540 - 1773

"Jesuits"
established by Ignatius of Loyola.
dissolved by Pope

Cultural

Don Quixote

1605

by Miguel de Cervantes.
Realism

Enlightenment

1690 - 1790

Mercantilism

1700

height of...

Romanticism arrives

1800

somewhere around here

Leaders

Ferdinand and Isabella

1474 - 1516

Ferdinand of Aragon and Isabella of Castile

Philip II

1556 - 1609

Great grandson of Isabella of Castile.
Married Queen Mary I of England --> King of England.

General Francisco Franco

1936 - 1975

Result of the Civil War