Chapter 25

Main

Benjamin Disraeli

1804 - 1881

John Stuart Mill

1806 - 1873

Giuseppe Garibaldi

1807 - 1882

William Gladstone

1809 - 1898

Otto Von Bismarck

1815 - 1898

The goal of a unified Italy caught many Italian's attention

1815 - 1848

Italy was reorganized at the Congress of Vienna

1815

In France about 200 workers were imprisoned

1825 - 1847

The Zollverein was founded

1834

Pope Pius IX

1846 - 1878

Marx had laid out his intellectual system "The Communist Manifesto"

1848

The constitution of the new German Empire consolidated Jewish emancipation

1848

Victor Emmanuel retained the liberal constitution under duress

1848

Nationalism had caused the declaration of an independent Hungarian republic

1849

Napoleon III's government encouraged the new investment banks

1850 - 1860

Count Camillo Benso di Cavour was the dominant figure in the government

1850 - 1861

Louis Napoleon begins to conspire with key army officers

1851

Louis Napoleon dismissed the Assembly and seized power in a coup d'etat

December 2, 1851

All the German states except Austria joined Customs Union

1853

The Crimean War

1853 - 1856

Alexander II

1855 - 1881

Louis Napoleon's system worked brilliantly and produced overwhelming victories

1857

Cavour succeeded and goaded Austria into attacking Sardinia

July 1858

John Stuart Mill publishes "On Liberty"

1859

The national uprising made a profound impression on the German States

1859

Napoleon III made a compromise peace with Austria

July 1859

Abraham Lincoln is elected President

1860

Garibaldi emerged as am independent force in Italian politics

1860

Napoleon III granted the workers the right to form unions and strike

1860

Garibaldi's band of red shirts captured the imagination of the peasantry

May 1860

Freeing of the serfs in russia

1861

William I of Prussia

1861 - 1888

The United States Civil War

1861 - 1865

The Parliament rejected the military

1862

The Homestead Act

1862

Bismarck takes office as chief minister

1862

David Lloyd George

1863 - 1945

Louis Napoleon's system worked brilliantly and produced overwhelming victories

1863

The Zemetsvo is established in russia

1864

In the "Syllabus of Errors", Pius IX strongly denounced many ideas

1864

The Thirteenth Amendment

1865

Austria was forced establish a dual monarchy

1866

The Austro-Prussian War

1866

Benjamin Disraeli extended the vote to all middle-class males

1867

The Maygar nobility restored the constitution of 1848

1867

The French leaders of the Second Empire decided on a war

1870

German forces defeated the main French army

September 1, 1870

The Third republic refused to admit defeat in Paris

January 1871

France accepts Bismarcks peace terms

January 1871

The French have no choice but to surrender Alsace and Lorraine to Germany

March 1871

There was a worldwide financial crash

1873

Bismarck used a national outcry to ram a law through the reichstag

1878

Pope Leo XIII

1878 - 1903

Bismarck goes along with a new protective tariff

1879

William II

1881 - 1918

Alexander II was assassinated

1881

Alexander III

1881 - 1894

russian exiles form the russian Social Democratic Party

1883

Bismarck pushed through the reichstag the first of several social security laws

1883

Gladstone introduced bills to give Ireland self-government

1886

William disliked Bismarck's attempt to renew the law outlawing Social Democrats

1890

Sergei Witte is the minister of finance

1892 - 1903

Gladstone introduced bills to give Ireland self-government

1893

The government severed all ties between the state and the Catholic Church

1901 - 1905

The Japanese launched a surprise attack

February 1904

The revolution of 1905

1905

russia was forced to accept a humiliating defeat

September 1905

The revolutionary surge culminated

October 1905

The Tsar dismissed the Duma

1907

The Social Democratic party becomes the largest in the reichstag

1912

The women's suffrage movement becomes achieved its first success

1913

Universal male suffrage movement becomes the rule

1914

In Norway, they gave the vote to most women

1914