indian empires timeline

government in power

mughal empire

1500 - 1750

the mughal empire first emerged in the 16th century and eventually had total power over india in the 17th century. the mughal empire was run by aurangzeb, an emperor who ruled for 39 years (1658-1707) the mughals expanded their empire with massive armies that were very powerful. as the mughals invaded new territories and land gave them new resources to use and as the territories surrendered to the mughals their armies and people became loyal to the mughal emperor. these people now needed to pay tax to the empire. another way that the mughal empire expanded their territory was through intermarriages. this is when the emperor would marry the daughters of other dynasties to create partnerships with eachother. even though the emperor was the absolute ruler he would have a diwan to look after the collection and expenditure of wealth and resources within the empire and the diwan took care of central administration.

british east india company

1750

the british east india company used to be a trading company but during the company raj the company developed into a governing body. the company came to replace the mughal empire as the rulers of the majority of india

company raj

1750 - 1844

THE DOWNFALL OF THE MUGHAL EMPIRE
the company raj is the period of time that the mughal empires power started to fade away and the rulers of previous dynasties reclaimed their wealth and power. these rulers fo the provinces now competed against eachother for territory and resources. these powers were now becoming a real challenge to the mughal empire. one of the biggest and strongest challenges to the mughal empire came from a group called the marathas who were allied warlords. the british east india company came to rule india shortly after their success in bengal. the company raj is the name given to the time that the british east india company

the british raj

1857 - 1901

this period of time is named due to the british government taking indian rule away from the british east india company. this marked the end of the company raj. the british took away power from the british east india company because of the widespread shock throughout the british nation due to the attrocities that the company as well as the indian rebels had committed.

religion

constant religions in india

1500 - 1900

throughout the different rules in india the main religions were muslim, hinduism and islam. these have stayed the same right up until today. CONTINUITY

muslim

1550

the muslim religion was the main religion during the mughal rule but their were a few other religions but they were minorities as the mughals were muslim

power and major influences

emperors

1610

emperors were the rulers during the mughal empire. they had complete and total control over the empire in every aspect

aurangzeb

1658

the emperor of the mughal empire in 1658-1707

british east india company took over mughgal taxation system

1750

the british east india company took over the collection of tax from the mughals within the early days of the company raj

british start taking control of bengal

1750 - 1765

british frist started to take control of bengal in 1750 but ruled the province completely by 1765

marathas

1750

the marathas were a goup of allied warlords who became a major challenge to the mughal empire during the company raj. the marathas also fought for their independance in 1681 but only became a true challenge to mughal rule in the company raj

bengal

1760

bengal is now the richest province in india

viceroy of india

1860

name given to the british leader in india during the british raj

everyday life/ laws and systems

patriarchal society

1520

during the mughal rule in india, men were responsible for all important duties in society. all property belonged to men and women were excluded from work and public life. women were responsible for domestic duties such as home and family concerns.

british style legal system

1772

in 1772 the governor general (warren hastings) of the company's indian territories started to put in place a legal system that was british style but still suited inidan society

british sell opium grown in india to china

1780

opium is a very powerful drug that is now better known as an ingredient in morphine and heroin

private property introduced

1793

previously before british rule took place in india, all property had collective ownership. this meant that the zamindars owned the land and the public used it and they had to pay tax to use the land. private property now changed these rules

english becomes official language of india

1802

in 1802 the british officially made english the official language in india, replacing persian

macauleys speach proposals put into place

1828 - 1835

governor general lord bentinck introduced the first official education policy based off of macauleys speach

banning of the practice "sati"

1829

sati is a tradition pracitced by some hindu communities where when a womens husband died and was being cremated the women would throw herself into the fire to sacrifice herself to be with her husband. it was seen as an act of loyalty within the relationship and culutre. but the britiths thought that this practice was cruel and barbaric so they banned the practice in 1829

indian civil service

1833

this was a new and very significant change to indian society that was brought into place by the british. it is a form of administration. this carried across into the british raj

tea becomes commercially produced

1833

prior to this event india had a wide variety of tea. but it was all grown wildly, not for commercial use

lord thomas macauley speach

1835

the famous speach 'minute on india' proposed new laws for education in india. the speach argued that schools in india should educate students in english as macauley believed that native indian langauges were pointless and useless

first cable telegraph system

1851 - 1856

this allowed instant communication by telegraph operators

tea & opium crops replace cotton crops

1857

prior to british rule in india the main crops had been cotton. but now due to britains demand fro opium and tea, these crops replaced cotton.

special education needed to join I.C.S.

1858

young men who wanted to join the indian civil service now needed to go and study at a specific university to gain entrance. men were now no longer allowed to just join

worst famine in indian history

1876 - 1878

crops failed due to poor patterns in weather conditions

india becomes united due to modern day influences

1880

india was previously a nation made up of semi independant provinces. so they had no real link. but once the british had introduced steam engines, roads and tracks, the provinces were united and could communicate more effectivley

bubonic plague spreads through india

1895 - 1896

indians gain independance from british

1947