the mughal empire first emerged in the 16th century and eventually had total power over india in the 17th century. the mughal empire was run by aurangzeb, an emperor who ruled for 39 years (1658-1707) the mughals expanded their empire with massive armies that were very powerful. as the mughals invaded new territories and land gave them new resources to use and as the territories surrendered to the mughals their armies and people became loyal to the mughal emperor. these people now needed to pay tax to the empire. another way that the mughal empire expanded their territory was through intermarriages. this is when the emperor would marry the daughters of other dynasties to create partnerships with eachother. even though the emperor was the absolute ruler he would have a diwan to look after the collection and expenditure of wealth and resources within the empire and the diwan took care of central administration.
THE DOWNFALL OF THE MUGHAL EMPIRE
the company raj is the period of time that the mughal empires power started to fade away and the rulers of previous dynasties reclaimed their wealth and power. these rulers fo the provinces now competed against eachother for territory and resources. these powers were now becoming a real challenge to the mughal empire. one of the biggest and strongest challenges to the mughal empire came from a group called the marathas who were allied warlords. the british east india company came to rule india shortly after their success in bengal. the company raj is the name given to the time that the british east india company
the british east india company used to be a trading company but during the company raj the company developed into a governing body. the company came to replace the mughal empire as the rulers of the majority of india
this period of time is named due to the british government taking indian rule away from the british east india company. this marked the end of the company raj. the british took away power from the british east india company because of the widespread shock throughout the british nation due to the attrocities that the company as well as the indian rebels had committed.
throughout the different rules in india the main religions were muslim, hinduism and islam. these have stayed the same right up until today. CONTINUITY
the muslim religion was the main religion during the mughal rule but their were a few other religions but they were minorities as the mughals were muslim
emperors were the rulers during the mughal empire. they had complete and total control over the empire in every aspect
the emperor of the mughal empire in 1658-1707
the marathas were a goup of allied warlords who became a major challenge to the mughal empire during the company raj. the marathas also fought for their independance in 1681 but only became a true challenge to mughal rule in the company raj
british frist started to take control of bengal in 1750 but ruled the province completely by 1765
the british east india company took over the collection of tax from the mughals within the early days of the company raj
bengal is now the richest province in india
name given to the british leader in india during the british raj
during the mughal rule in india, men were responsible for all important duties in society. all property belonged to men and women were excluded from work and public life. women were responsible for domestic duties such as home and family concerns.
in 1772 the governor general (warren hastings) of the company's indian territories started to put in place a legal system that was british style but still suited inidan society
opium is a very powerful drug that is now better known as an ingredient in morphine and heroin
previously before british rule took place in india, all property had collective ownership. this meant that the zamindars owned the land and the public used it and they had to pay tax to use the land. private property now changed these rules
in 1802 the british officially made english the official language in india, replacing persian
governor general lord bentinck introduced the first official education policy based off of macauleys speach
sati is a tradition pracitced by some hindu communities where when a womens husband died and was being cremated the women would throw herself into the fire to sacrifice herself to be with her husband. it was seen as an act of loyalty within the relationship and culutre. but the britiths thought that this practice was cruel and barbaric so they banned the practice in 1829
prior to this event india had a wide variety of tea. but it was all grown wildly, not for commercial use
this was a new and very significant change to indian society that was brought into place by the british. it is a form of administration. this carried across into the british raj
the famous speach 'minute on india' proposed new laws for education in india. the speach argued that schools in india should educate students in english as macauley believed that native indian langauges were pointless and useless
this allowed instant communication by telegraph operators
prior to british rule in india the main crops had been cotton. but now due to britains demand fro opium and tea, these crops replaced cotton.
young men who wanted to join the indian civil service now needed to go and study at a specific university to gain entrance. men were now no longer allowed to just join
crops failed due to poor patterns in weather conditions
india was previously a nation made up of semi independant provinces. so they had no real link. but once the british had introduced steam engines, roads and tracks, the provinces were united and could communicate more effectivley