AP European History Course - England, Ireland, Wales, Scottland
created a national poor system for England and Wales.
... of the monarchy.
Charles II united England, Ireland, and Scotland.
to regulate the foreign grain trade
rested in protests and demonstrations
International trade system.
Traded materials, dyes, spices, tea.
by Adam Smith.
"economy works better without without government interference"
Started in the USA, spread to Europe
and in 1979
Via Bristol Canal.
1.4 million out of 4.2 million died.
Caused by poor economic situations.
Heavy taxes, low incomes.
by Geoffrey Chaucer.
Tale of 30 on a pilgrimage to Canterbury. Shows the diversity of English social life.
Developed new farming methods.
- drilling (sowing seeds at proper intervals and depth)
by Thomas Newcomen
end of the open field system
due to a rise in illegitimate births, and better health
James Watt (Irish)
promoted industrial breakthrough
Protest in Satin Peter's Fields in Manchester.
Broken up by armed cavalry.
Universal male suffrage
Irish republicans against English rule in Ireland.
aided in defeating Nazi's in WWII
France VS England.
Over successor to French Throne.
Captured Joan of Arc and executed her.
Major economic repercussions.
Resulted in nationalism.
York VS Lancaster.
Over the next King of England. Lancaster victory, start of Tudor Dynasty.
York = red rose
Lancaster = white rose
Royalists VS Parliamentarianists
Caused by the king not giving the Parliament enough power.
Resulted in Cromwell rising to power.
Resulted in power being divided between the monarchy and the parliament, and in a constitutional monarchy.
France + Austria VS Britain + Prussia
Resulted in Austrian victory and the Peace of Paris.
Russia VS Ottoman Empire, Great Britain, France.
Over border disputes (Russia/Ottoman Empire), resulted in Peace of Paris (agreement to honor the borders).
English VS Dutch. English victory.
Over Dutch colonies in Africa. English gained Cape Colony.
Central Powers VS Allies. (Great Britain - Allies)
Resulted in Allied victory and the Treaty of Versailles.
Allies VS Axis.
Battle of Britain.
Development of radar.
Started with Anne Boleyn and King Henry VIII.
Move to Protestantism.
1) the Anglican Church
2) divorce from Catherine
Attacked the papacy's actions.
Had some Protestant ideas (reading Bible individually, abolish pluralism and absent-ism).
Followers called "Lollards".
by Thomas More.
by Francis Bacon.
Described the circulatory system.
by John Locke.
Classical liberalism. Enlightenment.
"One needs to experiment to know"
followers = Bethemites.
social problems should be resolved with rational, scientific solutions
Utils: his unit of measurement of consumption pleasure
by Mary Wollstonecraft
by David Ricardo.
never have more jobs than people who want to work.
employers will always employ those who will work for the least amount
by John Stewart Mill
utilitarianism, empiricism, liberalism
the belief that philosophical thinking begins with the human subject—not merely the thinking subject, but the acting, feeling, living human individual
music group. :)
Wives: Catherine of Aragon (daughter: Mary), Ane Boleyn (daughter: Elizabeth), Jane Seymore (son: Edward)
Responsible for the break with the Roman Catholic Church and the rise of Protestantism in England.
Anne gave him 'Obedience of a Christian Man' by William Tyndale.
Protestant. Son of Henry VIII and Jane Seymour.
Very sick, didn't live long.
Daughter of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon.
Daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn.
1) Brought about religious stability while making England a Protestant state (shows political skill).
2) defeated Spain at war
2) began the British Empire