Children develop a sense of trust when caregivers provide reliability, care, and affection. A lack of this will lead to mistrust.
Children need to develop a sense of personal control over physical skills and a sense of independence. Success leads to feelings of autonomy, failure results in feelings of shame and doubt.
Children need to begin asserting control and power over the environment. Success in this stage leads to a sense of purpose. Children who try to exert too much power experience disapproval, resulting in a sense of guilt.
Children need to cope with new social and academic demands. Success leads to a sense of competence, while failure results in feelings of inferiority.
Teens need to develop a sense of self and personal identity. Success leads to an ability to stay true to yourself, while failure leads to role confusion and a weak sense of self.
Adults need to create or nurture things that will outlast them, often by having children or creating a positive change that benefits other people. Success leads to feelings of usefulness and accomplishment, while failure results in shallow involvement in the world.
born healthy in Santo Domingo. First, and only male child born to eternally loving, devoted parents. Mandy 'could do no wrong.'
Mandy is 10 yrs old. Non-english speaker living in impoverished, urban area.
After Trujillo was assassinated, and the power structure on the island changed, travel amongst Dominicans became a possibility, and in some cases a necessity. Eventually, under Joaquin Balaguer, all who chose to leave the Dominican Republic in search of better lives were given every opportunity to go.
urban renewal, redlining, unofficial city policies such as "shrinkage," and other economic conditions make it more profitable to burn buildings for their insurance money than to renovate.