Untitled timeline

Main

Alexander Kerensky

1917

2nd prime minister of russian provisional government until it was overthrown by the Bolsheviks under Lenin

"Peace and Bread"

1917

Battle cry of the Russian revolutions; slogan of Lenin and the Bolsheviks

Volksgemeinschaft

1920 - 1935

people's community; Nazi ideology; pro- Volk; justify actions against Jews; as a means to break down elitism and class divides

Hyperinflation

1921 - 1924

Germany: deficit from financing the war; exacerbated by reparations; contributed to rise of the Nazi Party

New Economic Policy

1921

Economic policy proposed by Lenin; state capitalism; mixed economy; Resulted in restored production but increased gap b/w classes and unemployment

Nuremberg Laws

1935

Law for the Protection of German Rights and Honor, Citizenship Law; based on scientific racism

Great Purges

1936 - 1938

Stalin's paranoia; contributed to Soviet Union's military weakness at the beginning of WWII; a campaign of political repression orchestrated by Joseph Stalin; involved a large scale purge of the communist party

Rhineland Remilitarization

1936

significant b/c it violated the terms of the treaty of versailles; open rearmament and remilitarization of the rhineland

Munich Conference

1938

settlement permiting Nazi Germany's annexation of the Czechoslovakian area to be known as the Sudetenland; recognized as a failed attempt at appeasement

Wannsee Conference

1942

Final Solution Conference

Stalingrad

1942 - 1943

famous for resistance and physical damage/death toll during WWII
Battle of Stalingrad considered turning point in Russia towards Allied victory

Robert Schuman

1947

French foreign minister, one of the founders of the EU

Truman Doctrine

1947

internaitonal relations policy set forth by Harry Truman which stated that the US would support Greece and Turkey w/ economic and military aid to prevent them from falling into the Soviet Sphere; often cited as beginning of cold war

Jawaharlal Nehru

1947

1st prime minister of India; under tutelage of Ghandi; considered to be the architect of modern India

Berlin Blockade

1948

one of the 1st major international crises of the Cold War; Soviet Union blocked the western Allies' railway, road, and canal access to the sections of Berlin under Allied control; led to creation of East and West Germany when it ended in 1949

Great Leap Forward

1950

Mao loses influence w/in CP leadership; enormous urban pop growth; decline of farm labor force; bad harvests; widespread starvation

European Coal and Steel Community

1951

france, germany, Lux, Belgium, Italy, Netherlands
start towards european integration; economic community

Mohammed Mossadeg

1951 - 1953

prime minister of iran, nationalization of iranian oil industry, supported by urban middle and lower classes

De-Stalinizaiton

1953

following Stalin's death in 1953, Kruschev wanted to get rid of the cult of personality surrounding Stalin

Bandung Conference

1955

meeting of Asian and African States; Bandung Indonesia; stated aims were to promote afro-asian economic and cultural cooperation and to oppose colonialism by any imperialistic nation

Battle of Algiers

1956 - 1957

French Algiers; FLN (National Liberation Front) agaisnt French Algerian authorities

White Revolution

1963

effort to transform Iran into modern, secular country; main goals: industry build up, education of women, etc.; negative consequences: social and economic inequality, government corruption, western cultural influence led to backalsh from religious conservatives

Democratic Party Convention

1968

Chicago, riots; proceedings became notorious for the large demonstrations and the use of force by the Chicago police

Sorbonne

1968

France; protests at sorbonne, students

Tlatelolco Massacre

1968

Mexico- Plaza de las tres culturas; killing of student and civilian protestors as well as bystanders during the afternoon/night of oct 2, 1968

Alexander Dubcek

1968

Czechoslovakia; prague spring; attempt to reform the communist regime

"Silent Majority"

1969

the conservative silent majority that elected Richard Nixon

New Social Movements

1970 - 1990

legacy of 1968

Charta 77

1977

informal civic initiative in communist czechoslovakia, named after the Charter 77, long range cause of the end of the cold war

Ruhollah Khomeinl

1979

spiritual leader in Iran in opposition to the Shah, leader of the 1979 Iranian Revolution that brought down the Shah of Iran

Solidarnosc

1980

solidarity; opposition group in Poland; polish trade union federation; civil resistance to advance the cause of workers

Glasnost

1980

Policy that called for increased openness and transparency in government institutions and activities in the Soviet Union; Gorbachev Revolution, long range cause for end of Cold War

European Union

1993

economic and plitical union of 27 member states; capital is Brussels