Religious altercations. French driven out of Italy.
Established as a dominent European power
Came with the end of the Thirty Years' War and the Peace of Westphalia.
Gained territory of Alsce
1852 - 1870
Louis Napoleon = Emperor Napoleon III
He didn't want to share power with the National Assembly
Restricted the Assembly
Ended due to mass unpopularity
1870 - 1940
Proclaimed by Parisian republicans
National Assebly VS Paris Commune
Severed ties with Catholic church
United Nations formed
European Economic Community
To cooperate with the Marshal Plan
Along with strikes from factories
Against current politics (communism? socialism?)
1663 - 1683
Mercantilism = regulation of economic activities by and for the state
Changed the flow of trade (sell more, buy less)\
New industries (eg. cloth, mirrors, rugs)
Encouraged talented craftsmen to move to France
Crédit Mobilier founded
New industrial bank
1929 - 1939
Black Death arrives
From: a galley docked in Marseilles
Spread to: Languedoc and Spain
1357 - 1420
Guild systems started to change. Example: rose entrance fees, recruitment got harder due to economic trouble.
Joan of Arc
Rallies French monarchy against the English. Victorious.
Sieged the city of La Rochelle
Standardization of French language
Black death dissapears
1789 - 1791
Caused by poor economic conditions and an unfair representation of the masses in politics.
Resulted in the First French Republic and a constitutional monarchy.
Tennis Court Oath
When the Estates General were locked out of the National Assembly, they all gathered in an indoor tennis court and agreed not to disband until a new constitution had been written.
Storming the Bastille
100s of peasants stormed the prison for arms and gunpowder.
March on Versailles
Women of Paris march to Versailles. They invaded the National Assembly, only able to be stopped by the National Guard. (They wanted to kill Marie Antoinette.)
Industrial Revolution arrives
Second French Revolution
French throne changes from Charles X to Louis-Philippe
Establishment of a constitutional Monarchy
Auguste Comte wrote System of Positive Philosophy
Out with Louis Philippe
In with Louis Napoleon
Resulted in a semi-authoritarian regime
Develops germ theory of disease
During the decade
Took more jobs
Lower birth rate
Hundred Years' War
1337 - 1453
France VS England.
Over successor to French Throne.
Resulted in French victory and Charles of Valois taking the throne.
Joan of Arc aided the French army.
Seven Years' War
1754 - 1763
France + Austria VS Britain + Prussia
Resulted in Austrian victory and the Peace of Paris
Battle of Waterloo
France VS Great Britain + Netherlands
Napoleon's ultimate defeat
1870 - 1871
France VS Prussia and Germany
Resulted in German victory and the Treaty of Frankfurt
World War I
1914 - 1918
France was part of the Central Powers, who won.
Treaty of Versailles, League of Nations.
World War II
1939 - 1945
France sided with Allies, who won.
1309 - 1376
Pope resides in Avignon, France. He was persuaded by King Philip. Caused poverty.
1377 - 1418
Pope Clement VII in Avignon while Pope Urban VI was in Rome.
Concordat of Bologna
Between Francis I and Pope Leo X. Pope would collect revenue from French churches, while Francis has the right to elect who he wants as clerics.
French Wars of Religion
1562 - 1598
Catholics VS Huguenots (Calvinists)
Resulted in Protestant king Henry IV and the Edict of Nantes (religious toleration of Huguenots)
St. Bartholomew's Day massacre
Catholic attack on Calvinists during a wedding that would help reconcile the Huguenots and the Catholics.
Revocation of Edict of Nantes
By Louis XIV as an attempt to control religion.
Baroque architecture arrives
Palais du Luxemburg by Salomon de Brosse
1661 - 1700
Resembled Renaissance Italy.
Logical, orderly, but not realistic.
Nicholas Poussin = painter.
Molière (Jean-Baptiste Poquelin) = play write, director, actor, stage manager
Jean Racine = play write. wrote about the power of women
1715 - 1770
Had Enlightenment ideas
Hated religious intolerance
Promoted liberty, opposed tyranny
Brought forth study of social sciences
Examples: Montesquieu, Voltaire, Madame du Châtelet, Diderot
Spirit of Laws
The Social Contract
Eugène Delacroix = author, painter
Liberty Leading the People
To represent matter realistically and truthfully
Growth of public education
Social welfare legislation
Insurance for employees
Dadaism and Surrealism arrive
1322 - 1328
1328 - 1350
1624 - 1643
Policy = total subordination of all groups and institutions to the French monarchy
Foreign policy = destruction of Hapsburg territories
Began French Absolutism
1715 - 1775
Ordered the Jesuits out of France
1774 - 1792
Reinstated old Parliaments
Married Marie Antoinette
1799 - 1815
Restructure of educational system
1802: crowned himself Emperor