AP European History Course - France
Religious altercations. French driven out of Italy.
Came with the end of the Thirty Years' War and the Peace of Westphalia.
Gained territory of Alsce
Louis Napoleon = Emperor Napoleon III
He didn't want to share power with the National Assembly
Restricted the Assembly
Ended due to mass unpopularity
Proclaimed by Parisian republicans
National Assebly VS Paris Commune
Severed ties with Catholic church
To cooperate with the Marshal Plan
Along with strikes from factories
Against current politics (communism? socialism?)
Mercantilism = regulation of economic activities by and for the state
Changed the flow of trade (sell more, buy less)\
New industries (eg. cloth, mirrors, rugs)
Encouraged talented craftsmen to move to France
New industrial bank
From: a galley docked in Marseilles
Spread to: Languedoc and Spain
Guild systems started to change. Example: rose entrance fees, recruitment got harder due to economic trouble.
Rallies French monarchy against the English. Victorious.
Sieged the city of La Rochelle
Caused by poor economic conditions and an unfair representation of the masses in politics.
Resulted in the First French Republic and a constitutional monarchy.
When the Estates General were locked out of the National Assembly, they all gathered in an indoor tennis court and agreed not to disband until a new constitution had been written.
100s of peasants stormed the prison for arms and gunpowder.
Women of Paris march to Versailles. They invaded the National Assembly, only able to be stopped by the National Guard. (They wanted to kill Marie Antoinette.)
French throne changes from Charles X to Louis-Philippe
Establishment of a constitutional Monarchy
Auguste Comte wrote System of Positive Philosophy
Out with Louis Philippe
In with Louis Napoleon
Resulted in a semi-authoritarian regime
Develops germ theory of disease
During the decade
Took more jobs
Lower birth rate
France VS England.
Over successor to French Throne.
Resulted in French victory and Charles of Valois taking the throne.
Joan of Arc aided the French army.
France + Austria VS Britain + Prussia
Resulted in Austrian victory and the Peace of Paris
France VS Great Britain + Netherlands
Napoleon's ultimate defeat
France VS Prussia and Germany
Resulted in German victory and the Treaty of Frankfurt
France was part of the Central Powers, who won.
Treaty of Versailles, League of Nations.
France sided with Allies, who won.
Pope resides in Avignon, France. He was persuaded by King Philip. Caused poverty.
Pope Clement VII in Avignon while Pope Urban VI was in Rome.
Between Francis I and Pope Leo X. Pope would collect revenue from French churches, while Francis has the right to elect who he wants as clerics.
Catholics VS Huguenots (Calvinists)
Resulted in Protestant king Henry IV and the Edict of Nantes (religious toleration of Huguenots)
Catholic attack on Calvinists during a wedding that would help reconcile the Huguenots and the Catholics.
By Louis XIV as an attempt to control religion.
Palais du Luxemburg by Salomon de Brosse
Resembled Renaissance Italy.
Logical, orderly, but not realistic.
Nicholas Poussin = painter.
Molière (Jean-Baptiste Poquelin) = play write, director, actor, stage manager
Jean Racine = play write. wrote about the power of women
Had Enlightenment ideas
Hated religious intolerance
Promoted liberty, opposed tyranny
Brought forth study of social sciences
Examples: Montesquieu, Voltaire, Madame du Châtelet, Diderot
Eugène Delacroix = author, painter
To represent matter realistically and truthfully
Insurance for employees
Policy = total subordination of all groups and institutions to the French monarchy
Foreign policy = destruction of Hapsburg territories
Began French Absolutism
Ordered the Jesuits out of France
Reinstated old Parliaments
Married Marie Antoinette
Restructure of educational system
1802: crowned himself Emperor