U.S. Congress passed several neutrality Acts in the 1930s
Japan captures Manchuria
1931 - 1940
Japan invades Manchuria, a part of southern China, and French Indochina
1933 - 1945
Nazi's attempt to rid the world of the "undesirables"
1933 - 1945
The Nazis murdered 6 million Jews, or one-third of the world’s Jewish
population. This terrible slaughter was called the Holocaust.
Italy invaded Ethiopia in 1935 as part of a quest to construct a New
Roman Empire under Mussolini.
Neville claims he has achieved "peace for our time" after signing the Munich Pact
12 March 1938
With the Anschluss, Hitler took control of Austria and furthered his goal of uniting all ethnic Germans in the German Reich.
In their 1939 non-aggression treaty, Hitler promised Stalin a part of Poland, and guaranteed Russia a sphere of influence in Eastern Europe. In return, Stalin pledged not to attack Europe.
1939 - 1945
As many as 60 million died in World War II-about half of them civilians. More than 20 million Europeans were made homeless by the fighting.
1939 - 1940
Germany had great military success in the first year and a half of the war.
During the Battle of Britain RAF pilots defended the nation against German bombing attacks. When Germany began targeting cities, Londoners called this period the Blitz. This happened in the summer of 1940
The Nazi invasion of the Soviet Union was successful at first, as the Germans used brutal blitzkrieg tactics to drive into Russia. However, they were stopped by the frigid Russian winter.
11 March 1941
The United States began sending arms to Great Britain under the lend-lease act.
The Allies began their offensive in the Pacific in August 1942 with the invasion of Guadalcanal.
U.S. President Franklin D Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill met in Washington in December 1941 to plan how to win the war in Europe.
7 December 1941
The United States entered the war after
the Japanese bombed the naval base at Pearl Harbor.
1942 - 1943
The Battle of Stalingrad involved firebombs, fierce street-by-street battles, and a fight to the death in the bitter winter cold. It was a soviet victory that forced the Germans to retreat.
The U.S. victory at the Battle of midway stopped Japanese expansion in the Central and South Pacific
4 May 1942 - 8 May 1942
To protect Australia from Japan, the United States fought the Battle of the Coral Sea, which was fought entirely by carrier-based aircraft. It was the first naval battle in which the enemies' warships never saw each other.
11 May 1942 - May 1943
Allied army forces launched a final offensive in North Africa in May 1943 forcing Axis resistance to collapse.
The British bombed German cities to try to weaken civilian
morale. The German city of Dresden, Hamburg was firebombed into
6 June 1944
To hasten the end of the war in Europe, the Allies focused on an invasion of France on June 6th 1944.
16 December 1944 - 25 January 1945
Germany's last offensive of the war was the Battle of the Bulge in Belgium.
1945 - 1946
After the end of the war, the Americans put General Douglas MacArthur in
charge of Japan.
U.S. President Harry S. Truman had the difficult decision about whether to drop an atomic bomb on Japan or to launch an invasion.
The defensive perimeter the Japanese had established around Japan disappeared after the Allies captured the key islands of Iwo Jima and Okinawa in early 1945.
The U.S. government established a top-secret program to develop an atomic weapon. Physicist J. Robert Oppenheimer directed the Los Alamos laboratory in New Mexico where it was developed.
6 August 1945 - 9 August 1945
The United States dropped atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Japan surrendered after the U.S. dropped the bombs on August 6th and August 9th 1945.