U.S. gives $13B in aid of Europe's recovery because U.S. realized that communist advance was successful in countries with economic problems.
Policy of containment aimed to keep communism within its current boundaries and prevent Soviet aggression into additional countries.
July 1948 - May 1949
American and British airplanes flew 200,000 flights carrying over 2 million tons of supplies into Berlin.
Soviet Atomic Bomb
Soviet Union explodes its first atomic bomb
Formation of NATO
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) formed by Canada, USA, France, Belgium, Denmark and many other countries. They all agreed that if any one of them was attached they would all provide aid.
Soviets lift blockade
Soviets end blockade of Berlin
Federal Republic of Germany formed
Also called West Germany
Khrushchev became the leader of the Soviet Union
Formation of the Warsaw Pact
Soviet Union joined with Hungary, Albania, East Germany, Poland, Romania, Bulgaria, and Czechoslovakia in a formal military alliance.
The Soviets sent Sputnik I, the first human-made space satellite, to orbit the Earth,
Left-wing revolutionary Fidel Castro overthrows Batista and sets up a Soviet-supported totalitarian regime in Cuba.
In order to stop the flow of refugees from East to West, the East German government began construction of a wall separating East Berlin from West Berlin.
Cuban Missile Crisis - Start
Soviet Union began to place missiles in Cuba
Cuban Missile Crisis - blockade
President Kennedy found out about missiles in Cuba, and put a blockade around Cuba against Soviet ships. Soviet Union agreed to withdraw missiles if U.S. agreed not to invade Cuba
1964 - 1973
U.S. withdraws Vietnam
President Nixon made an agreement with North Vietnam to withdraw U.S. troops from Vietnam
Soviet Union and Eastern Europe
Soviet spreads influence
1945 - 1947
Soviet Union takes over control of East Germany, Bulgaria, Romania, Poland, and Hungary
Stalin said that all literary and scientific works must conform to the needs of the state
Czechoslovakia taken over
The leader of Hungary, Imre Nagy, declared Hungary to be a free state and promised to hold free elections. The Soviet Army attacked Hungary and reestablished control. Nagy was executed two years later.
Protests in Poland
Protects erupt in Poland. Poles elect Gomulka as first secretary. Some reforms, but Poland remains loyal to the Warsaw Pact.
Soviet leaders vote Khrushchev out of office while he is away on vacation
In January 1968, Dubcek was elected first secretary of the communist party in Czechoslovakia. He put in some reforms including freedom of press and speech. Called Prague Spring. In August 1968 the Soviet Army invaded and crushed the reform movement and replaced Dubcek with Husak.