WRG Project

Main

9/8 German V2 rocket launched

September 8, 1944

5/2 US gets Von Braun

May 2, 1945

5/8 End of WWII in Europe

May 8, 1945

Soviets get German rocket technology

July 1945

Division of Germany

July 1945

US & Soviet rocket research & development

1946 - 1956

9/17 First Soviet V2 launch

September 17, 1948

8/29 Soviets test atomic bomb, Cold War begins

August 29, 1949

5/10 National Science Foundation (NSF) founded

May 10, 1950

2/24 Steve Jobs born, founder of Apple Computer

February 24, 1955

10/28 Bill Gates born, founder of Microsoft

October 28, 1955

9/20 US tests Jupiter C rocket

September 20, 1956

Soviet ICBM test flights

May 1957

US Vanguard rockets

October 1957

10/4 First satellite - Soviet Sputnik I

October 4, 1957

11/3 Soviet Sputnik 2 - dog in space

November 3, 1957

11/29 US Space Surveillance Network established (SpaceTrack)

November 29, 1957

12/6 US Vanguard fails to launch

December 6, 1957

1/31 First US satellite - Explorer 1

January 31, 1958

3/17 US Vanguard 1

March 17, 1958

7/29 NASA founded

July 29, 1958

9/2 US Congress passes National Defense Education Act

September 2, 1958

10/1 NASA operational

October 1, 1958

10/11 First spacecraft launched by NASA - US Pioneer 1

October 11, 1958

1/2 Soviet Luna 1 launched

January 2, 1959

3/24 Texas Instruments introduces microchip

March 24, 1959

4/9 US Mercury program start

April 9, 1959

4/20 US announces wants man in space

April 20, 1959

5/18 US Atlas/Pioneer missile fails

May 18, 1959

9/13 First spacecraft to reach moon, Soviet Luna 2 probe

September 13, 1959

8/20 First dogs come back from space alive (Soviet)

August 20, 1960

10/24 Soviet launchpad catastrophe

October 24, 1960

1/31 First chimp in space - US Mercury

January 31, 1961

4/12 FIRST HUMAN IN SPACE, first to orbit Earth, Yuri Gagarin, Soviet Vostok 1

April 12, 1961

5/5 First American in space, Alan Shepard, Freedom 7

May 5, 1961

5/25 Kennedy speech - US man on moon by end of decade

May 25, 1961

12/7 US Gemini program start

December 7, 1961

US Apollo program start

1962

1/10 US Saturn V rocket development start

January 10, 1962

2/20 First American orbits Earth, John Glenn, Mercury Friendship 7

February 20, 1962

7/10 First commercial/communications satellite, Telstar, AT&T

July 10, 1962

12/14 US Mariner 2 - Venus fly by

December 14, 1962

6/16 First woman in space, Velentia Tereshkova, Soviet Vostok 6

June 16, 1963

7/31 First close range photos of moon, US Ranger 7

July 31, 1964

Soviet N1-L3 rocket development start

August 1964

10/12 Soviet Voskhod 1, more than one cosmonaut, no spacesuits

October 12, 1964

11/28 US Mariner 4 launch - Mars probe

November 28, 1964

3/18 First space walk, Soviet Voskhod 2

March 18, 1965

3/23 US Gemini 3

March 23, 1965

6/3 First US spacewalk, Gemini 4

June 3, 1965

7/14 First Mars fly by - US Mariner 4

July 14, 1965

2/3 First soft landing on moon, unmanned, Soviet Luna 9

February 3, 1966

4/3 First moon satellite, Soviet Luna 10

April 3, 1966

8/14 First US moon satellite, Lunar Orbiter 1

August 14, 1966

Texas Instruments introduces first handheld calculator

January 1, 1967

1/27 Apollo 1 fire on launchpad, 3 astronauts killed

January 27, 1967

4/24 Soviet Soyuz 2 crashes on reentry, cosmonaut killed, first space death

April 24, 1967

12/24 First manned lunar orbit, US Apollo 8

December 24, 1968

1/16 First manned spacecraft docking, Soviet Soyuz 4 & 5

January 16, 1969

2/21 Soviet N1 test flight disaster

February 21, 1969

3/3 First US manned spacecraft docking, Apollo 9

March 3, 1969

7/20 FIRST HUMAN ON MOON, US Apollo 11, Neil Armstrong

July 20, 1969

4/22 First Earth Day celebrated

April 22, 1970

9/2 US Apollo 18 & 19 cancelled

September 2, 1970

US Congress authorizes creation of Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

December 1970

4/19 First space station launch, Soviet Salyut

April 19, 1971

Texas Instruments releases first commercial handheld calculator

January 1, 1972

5/26 Detente, SALT I signed by US & Soviet Union

May 26, 1972

12/10 Apollo 17, last Apollo mission & moon landing

December 10, 1972

5/14 First US space station, Skylab

May 14, 1973

4/4 Microsoft founded

April 4, 1975

7/15 First joint US-Soviet space flight - Apollo Soyuz Test Project

July 15, 1975

4/1 Apple Computer founded

April 1, 1976