Civil War Timeline


Confederate guns open fire on Fort Sumter in South Carolina

April 12, 1861

Confederate forces win the first battle of the Civil war

july 21, 1861

at bull run creek in Virginia

The monitor fights the Virginia

March 9, 1862

Union and Confederate fight for the Mississippi River

april 24, 1862

The Battle of Antietman

September 17, 1862

The Battle of Antietam lasted for hours. By the end of the battle the union suffered more than 12,000 casualties and the Confederates more than 13,000. Antietam was on of the bloodiest single day battle of the war, but the Union won.

General Robert E. Lee wins major victory at Fredricksburg, Virginia

December 13, 1862

December 13

The Emancipation Proclamation goes into effect on January 1st

January 1, 1863

The Emancipation Proclamation was a document that freed the slaves during the civil war. The Emancipation Proclamation went into effect on January 1, 1863. The loss of slave labor in the south hurt their economy and the Confederate war effort.

Union captures Vicksburg, Mississippi.

July 4, 1863

Same day as General Lee's forces retreat after losing the battle at Gettysburg in Pennsylvania

President Lincoln delivers the Gettysburg address

November 19, 1863

Union troops launched the wilderness campaign


about 100,00 men against 70,000 confedrates