Confederate guns open fire on Fort Sumter in South Carolina
April 12, 1861
Confederate forces win the first battle of the Civil war
july 21, 1861
at bull run creek in Virginia
The monitor fights the Virginia
March 9, 1862
Union and Confederate fight for the Mississippi River
april 24, 1862
The Battle of Antietman
September 17, 1862
The Battle of Antietam lasted for hours. By the end of the battle the union suffered more than 12,000 casualties and the Confederates more than 13,000. Antietam was on of the bloodiest single day battle of the war, but the Union won.
General Robert E. Lee wins major victory at Fredricksburg, Virginia
December 13, 1862
The Emancipation Proclamation goes into effect on January 1st
January 1, 1863
The Emancipation Proclamation was a document that freed the slaves during the civil war. The Emancipation Proclamation went into effect on January 1, 1863. The loss of slave labor in the south hurt their economy and the Confederate war effort.
Union captures Vicksburg, Mississippi.
July 4, 1863
Same day as General Lee's forces retreat after losing the battle at Gettysburg in Pennsylvania