1869-Opening of Suez Canal


A highly fought over and well as extremly important trade short cut.

China defeated in Sino-Japanese War


Showed the strenght of a new Japan to China, and the whole world.

Cubans revolt against Spanish


The reasons why Cubans wanted to revolt against Spanish rule were somewhat similar to the desire for American independence; they wanted an independent government rather than colonial rule by a European power. Cuba's economy had been strengthening while oppressive Spanish rule became less effective.

South African Wars


Major battles that showed the divide between natives and Europeans.

Boxer uprising in China


Was an attempt to free China from all foreign (and in particular Western) control and influence by expelling all foreigners from the country.

Russo-Japanese War


conflict between the rival imperial ambitions of the Russian Empire and Japanese Empire. The prize was Manchuria and Korea. Made Japan a World power as well.

Sun Yat-sen overthrows Qing


Sun called for the abolition of the monarchy and the establishment of a republic.

US builds Panama Canal


Was the US spreading its power, by having the Canal there were able to move good, armies, and peoples freely and quickly.

Archduke Franz Ferdinand killed


He was killed which led directly the the start of the First World War.

Treaty of Versailles


Set after the war to figure of Germanys punishment and well as try and prevent another war.

End of Mexican Revolution


In 1911 Diaz had Francisco I. Madero imprisoned, for being to popular and running against him in the federal elections. Madero escaped prison and fled to Texas, and from there he urged the people to rise up in arms against the bloody tyrant. In a couple of months of fighting, Diaz fled the country to France. Madero was elected president, but he failed to implement land reforms, so the revolutionary forces divided into several factions and fought against each other until the year 1917, when a new constitution was drafted.

Stalin indroduces five-year plan


The plans led to the Soviet Unions rapid industrailization and rise to power.

Gandhi leads walk to sea


Gandhi's salt marsh was to show the english that they have rights to harvest and sell their own salt, and they knew that if they don't attack and the british do then the world will frown upon them and will inevitable let the indians have their salt. So in brief to take back some of their rights.

Hitler rose to power


The rise of Hitler led to the start of the Second World War.

Nazi forces invade poland


The invasion of Poland is the event that signifies the beginning of World War 2. Prior this there had been maneuvering with treaties and political threats. The miltary combat were classified as regional conflicts or internal civil wars. 1 September 1939 is considered the start date for the WW2.

Juan Peron leads coup in Argentina


Perón and his second wife, Eva, were immensely popular amongst many of the Argentine people and are still considered icons by the Peronist Party. The Peróns' followers praised their efforts to eliminate poverty and to dignify labor, while their detractors considered them demagogues and dictators. The Peróns gave their name to the political movement known as Peronism, which is followed by the Justicialist Party.

The Second world war comes to an end


Ends with Germanys on May 7th and Japans surrender on August 14

Partition of India and Pakistan


Millions of people died and/or were uprooted and had to leave their homes and move hundreds of miles away; and because now, the resulting divisions and enmities have resulted in, among other things, a nuclear arms race and religious disputes.

NATO formed


2 nations established the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) to coordinate the military defenses of member nations against possible Soviet aggression. Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Great Britain, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal and the United States (with Greece, Turkey and the Federal Republic of Germany joining afterward in 1952) agreed to consider an armed attack against any one of them as an attack against all.

Ghana wins independence


Independence was achieved mainly through the efforts of "Nkrumah, Kwame. Forming his own political party in 1949, led a series of strikes and boycotts for self-government. In 1950 he was imprisoned for a time by the British for sedition. His "party swept the general election" of 1951 and "he became prime minister in 1952." It was under his leadership and guidance that the Gold Coast achieved its Independence from Great Britain in 1957. The name was changed to Republic of Ghana in 1960.

Cuban Missile Crisis


The Cuban Missile Crisis was created when the Soviet Union deployed inter-mediate range ballistic missiles (IRBMs) armed with nuclear warheads in Cuba, 90 miles from the United States. When they were discovered, President Kennedy established a blockade (the best of many bad choices, including an invasion) around Cuba to prevent a further Soviet buildup.

Bangladesh secedes from Pakistan


Bangladesh, Pakistan and India were all one country before, India. However, religious tensions between Hindus and Muslims caused Pakistan to secede from India, with Bangladesh also part of the new country as East Pakistan. Many Muslims from the state of Bihar in India also fled to Bangladesh. Next, racial tensions arose between the Urdu-speaking Pakistanis & Biharis, and the Bengalis in East Pakistan. This resulted in a fight for Independence, where East Pakistan became Bangladesh in 1971.

USSR withdraws from Afghanistan


They could not conquer and hold the country. (Neither can NATO.) The government which they installed was irredeemably corrupt, did not improve the lives of the people.
The rebels were supported by outside sources, notably the US via Pakistan. Now Pakistan supports the Taliban and others on its own, since a strong neighbor is more dangerous than a fragmented, weak, tribal neighbor.

Iraq invades Kuwait


Saddam didn't consider Kuwait an independent country, he claimed it was just a renegade province of Iraq. The oil wealth they had was also very appealing.

Persian Gulf War


The United States, fearing Iraq's broader strategic intentions and acting under UN auspices, eventually formed a broad coalition, which included a number of Arab countries, and began massing troops in northern Saudi Arabia. When Iraq ignored a UN Security Council deadline for it to withdraw from Kuwait, the coalition began a large-scale air offensive (Jan. 16–17, 1991). Saddam responded by launching ballistic missiles against neighboring coalition states as well as Israel. A ground offensive by the coalition (February 24–28) quickly achieved victory.

Nelson Mandela president of SA


When released from prison in 1990 Mandela tried to instigate a program of integration.This he succeeded in doing.On the death of Oliver Tambo in 1993 he took over the leadeship of the ANC.He became the first freely elected president of South Africa.



Terrorist highjacked 4 US plane on september 11 2001 3 of which hit there targets, one crashed into a field.