World History Review

Global Developments

Human entry into the Americas

30000 BCE - 13000 BCE

End of Last Ice Age

14000 BCE - 8000 BCE

Neolithic Revolution

8000 BCE - 3000 BCE

Agricultural Era

8000 BCE - 1800 CE

First Civilizations Emerge

3500 BCE

Indo European Migrations

3000 bce - 1000 bce

Bronze Age

3000 BCE - 1300 BCE

Slavery Established

1750 bce

Iron Age

1300 BCE - 400 CE

Silk Roads

550 bce - 1400

African and American Classical Era

500 BCE - 1200

Eurasian Classical Era

500 bce - 500

Hellenistic Era

323 bce - 30 bce

Pax Romana

27 bce - 180

Postclassical Era

500 - 1500

Indian Ocean most important arena for trade

500 - 1500

Bubonic Plague

534 - 750

Black Death (plague)

1331 - 1350

Early Modern Era

1450 - 1750

Columbus reaches Americas

1492

Columbian Exchange

1492 - 2013

Modern Era

1500 - 2013

Atlantic Slave Trade

1500 - 1866

Globalization

1500 - 2013

Silver Trade

1500 - 1750

Europeans catch up with China, Islamic World

1500

European Moment

1750 - 1914

Industrial Era

1750 - 1900

European Second-Wave Imperialism

1750 - 1914

Industrial Period Begins

1750

Abolition of Slavery

1780 - 1890

Nationalism

1790 - 2013

Feminism

1850 - 2013

World War I

1914 - 1918

.

1914

The Great Depression

1929 - 1945

World War II

1939 - 1945

Reglobalization

1945 - 2013

Growing Economic inequalities
TNC's
Dislike of U.S. "cultural imperialism"
Liberation movements
Feminism
Fundamentalism
Atheism
Radicalization of Religions

Environmentalism

1945 - 2013

Founding of United Nations

1945

Cold War

1946 - 1991

U.S. Interventions to Stop Communist Regimes

1949 - 1989

Guatemala
Iran
Philippines
El Salvador
Chile
Congo

NATO

1949 - 2013

Establishment of World Bank & International Monetary Fund

1949

Warsaw Pact

1955 - 1991

Islamic Renewal Movements

1970 - 2013

Neo-Liberalism

1970 - 2013

NAFTA Established

1994

Present Day

2013

Europe

Greek City-States

800 bce - 336 bce

Rome

756 bce - 476

-High point: 200 bce-200 ce

Roman Republic founded

509 bce

Greco-Persian Wars

500 bce - 479 bce

Greek Rationalism Developed

500 bce - 400 bce

Golden Age of Athens

479 bce - 429 bce

Peloponnesian War

431 bce - 404 bce

Punic Wars

264 bce - 146 bce

First Roman Emperor

27 bce

Byzantine Empire

330 - 1453

Split of Roman Empire

395

Fall of Western Roman Empire

476

Feudalism

500 - 1000

Reign of Justinian

527 - 565

Muslim Conquest of Spain

711 - 718

Battle of Tours

732

Carolingian Empire

768 - 887

Kievan Rus

800 - 900

Charlemagne's Death

814

Empire split in 3:
Kingdom of Charles the Bald
Kingdom of Louis the German
Kingdom of Lothar

Treaty of Verdun

843

Holy Roman Empire

936 - 1806

Vladimir converts to Christianity

988

Venice as center of commerce

1000

New Monarchies formed

1000 - 1200

France
Scandinavia
Spain
England

High Middle Ages

1000 - 1300

Schism between East & West

1054

Crusades Begin

1095

Crusaders Sack Constantinople

1204

Mongol Empire

1206 - 1368

Renaissance

1350 - 1600

Ottomans sack Constantinople

1453

Reign of Ivan the Great

1462 - 1505

Completion of Reconquista

1492

Russian state emerges in Moscow

1500 - 1600

Russian Empire

1500 - 1991

Protestant Reformation

1517 - 1648

Ottoman Siege of Vienna

1529

Scientific Revolution

1540 - 1799

Council of Trent

1545 - 1563

Catholic counter-reformation

Wars of Religion

1562 - 1598

Catholics vs. Huguenots

Defeat of Spanish Armada

1588

Spain begins to lose dominance

1600

Thirty Years' War

1618 - 1648

Enlightenment

1650 - 1800

British Industrial Revolution

1750 - 1850

French Revolution

1789 - 1799

Napoleon's Empire

1799 - 1815

Life of Charles Darwin

1809 - 1882

British Empire

1815 - 1914

Life of Karl Marx

1818 - 1883

Social Darwinism

1850 - 1970

scientific racism

Emancipation of Russian Serfs

1861

Austro-Hungarian Empire

1867 - 1918

Unification of Italy and Germany

1870 - 1871

Franco-Prussian War

1870 - 1871

Triple Alliance

1882 - 1915

Russian Industrial Revolution

1890 - 1905

state-guided

Uprising

1905

Triple Entente

1907 - 1917

Russian Revolution

1917 - 1918

Russian Civil War

1917 - 1921

Bolsheviks victorious

Weimar Republic

1918 - 1933

Fascism

1919 - 1945

Zhenotdel

1919 - 1930

Treaty of Versailles

1919

Collectivization

1928 - 1933

Stalin in Power

1929 - 1953

The Great Purges

1936 - 1941

Germany Invades Poland

1939

Holocaust

1941 - 1945

Battle of Stalingrad

1943

D-Day

1944

Expansion of Communism

1945 - 1950

Nikita Krushchev in power

1953 - 1964

Prague Spring

1968

Glasnost

1987 - 1991

Perestroika

1987 - 1991

Fall of Communism

1989

Berlin Wall Falls

November 9, 1989

Collapse of the Soviet Union

1991

EU Established

1994

Americas

Extinction of Large Mammals

9000 BCE

Norte Chico

3000 BCE - 1800 BCE

Agri. Breakthrough-Andes

3000 BCE - 2000 BCE

Agri. Breakthrough-Mesoamerica

3000 BCE - 2000 BCE

Agri. Breakthrough-Eastern Woodlands

2000 BCE - 1000 BCE

Olmec

1200 BCE - 400 BCE

Chavín

1000 bce - 200 bce

Maya

250 bce - 900

Nazca

200 bce - 500

Hopewell

200 bce - 400

Teotihuacán

150 bce - 650

Moche

100 - 800

Trade between Maya and Teotihuacán

200 - 900

Ancestral Pueblo

900 - 1200

Cahokia

900 - 1250

Toltec

950 - 1150

Chimu and Chucuito

1100 - 1350

Iroquois League created

1300 - 1500

Aztec Empire

1345 - 1521

Inca Empire

1438 - 1533

Columbus Reaches Americas

1492

Treaty of Tordesillas

1494

Slavery

1500 - 1888

Great Dying

1500 - 1650

Height of Fur Trade

1500 - 1900

Taki Onqoy Rebellion

1564 - 1572

High Point of Plantation System and Slave Trade

1700 - 1800

North American Revolution

1775 - 1783

Haitian Revolution

1791 - 1804

Latin American Wars of Independence

1810 - 1825

American Industrial Revolution

1820 - 1914

Mexican-American War

1845 - 1848

Emancipation Proclamation

1863

Mexican Revolution

1876 - 1920

Spanish-American War

1898 - 1902

The New Deal

1933 - 1942

Pearl Harbor

1941

U.S. New Superpower

1945

Civil Rights Movement / Anti-Vietnam Protests

1960 - 1970

Cuban Missile Crisis

1962

Attacks on World Trade Center

September 11, 2001

Asia

First Agricultural Breakthrough

9000 BCE - 7000 BCE

Zagros Mountains (Fertile Crescent)

Agri. Breakthrough-China

6500 BCE - 5000 BCE

Domestication of horses

4000 BCE

Sumer

3500 BCE - 3000 BCE

Independent Sumerian City-States

3200 bce - 2350 bce

Indus Valley civilization

3000 BCE - 2000 BCE

Akkadian empire

2350 bce - 1900 bce

Xia Dynasty

2200 bce - 1766 BCE

Babylonian Empire

1900 bce - 1500 bce

Shang Dynasty

1766 bce - 1122 bce

Zhou Dynasty

1122 bce - 256 bce

Idea of Mandate of Heaven

1122 bce

Establishment of Israel

1000 bce

Assyrian Empire

900 bce - 612 bce

Hebrew Prophets

900 bce - 600 bce

Compilation of Upanishads

800 bce - 400 bce

Zarathustra

650 bce

Emergence Indian Classical Civilization

600 bce

Vedas recorded

600 bce

Life of Siddhartha Gautama

566 bce - 486 bce

Persian Achaemenid Dynasty

553 bce - 330 bce

Life of Confucius

551 bce - 479 bce

Laozi

550 bce

Age of Warring States

500 bce - 221 bce

Caste System Fully Established

500 bce

Seleucid Dynasty

383 bce - 323 bce

Alexander's reign

336 bce - 323 bce

Mauryan Empire

326 bce - 184 bce

Reign of Asoka

268 bce - 232 bce

Persian Parthian Empire

247 bce - 224

Qin Dynasty

221 bce - 206 bce

Xiongnu Empire

209 bce - 100

Han Dynasty

206 bce - 220

Xiongnu Confederacy Established

200 bce

Imperial Academy Established

124 bce

Wudi

Chinese Occupation of Vietnam's heartland

111 BCE - 939

Jesus

1 ce

St. Paul

50 ce

Yellow Turban Rebellion

184

Spread of Buddhism Begins

200 - 300

Persian Sassanid Empire

224 - 651

Buddhism Takes Root

300 - 800

Gupta Empire

320 - 550

Turkic Nomadic Empires

552 - 965

Life of Muhammad Ibn Abdullah

570 - 632

Birth of Muhammad

571

Sui Dynasty

589 - 618

Japanese cultural borrowing

600 - 800

Tang Dynasty

618 - 907

Hijra

622

Rightly Guided Caliphs

632 - 661

Compilation of the Quran

650 - 659

Sunni/Shi'a Split

656

Umayyad Caliphate

661 - 750

Srivijaya

670 - 1025

Silla Dynasty

688 - 900

allied with Tang

Sailendra Kingdom

700 - 1000

built Hindu and Buddhist Temples

Abbasid Caliphate

750 - 1258

Battle of Talas

751

An Lushan Rebellion

755 - 763

Heian Period

792 - 1192

Rise of Sufism

800 - 900

Khmer Empire

802 - 1431

Direct State Action against Foreign Religions in China

841 - 845

xenophobia

Koryo Dynasty

918 - 1392

Vietnam declares Independence

939

Foot Binding starts

950 - 1000

Song Dynasty

960 - 1279

Gunpowder Invented

1000

Seljuk Empire

1037 - 1194

Christian Seizure of Jerusalem

1099

Sultanate of Delhi

1206 - 1526

Mongol Empire

1206 - 1368

Mongols Sack Baghdad

1258

Yuan Dynasty

1279 - 1368

Last Christian State in Holy Land falls

1291

Ottoman Empire

1299 - 1914

Vijayanagara

1336 - 1646

Ming Dynasty

1368 - 1644

Timurid Empire

1370 - 1507

Yi Dynasty

1392 - 1910

Malacca

1400 - 1511

Zheng He's voyages

1405 - 1433

Japanese Civil War

1467 - 1568

Emergence of Sikhism

1500 - 1539

Russian Empire

1500 - 1991

Portuguese "Trading Post" Empire

1500 - 1600

Siberian Fur Trade

1500 - 1800

Emergence Neo-Confucianism

1500 - 1900

Safavid Empire

1501 - 1736

Mughal Empire

1526 - 1857

Ottoman/Safavid conflict

1534 - 1639

Reign of Akbar

1556 - 1605

Spanish occupation of Philippines

1565 - 1868

British East India Company

1600 - 1874

Bhakti Movement

1600 - 1900

Dutch East India Company

1602 - 1798

Qing Dynasty

1644 - 1912

Tokugawa Shogunate

1650 - 1850

Qing Expansion

1680 - 1760

Treaty of Nerchinsk

1689

Fragmentation of Mughal Empire

1707 - 1800

Spread of Wahhabism

1720 - 1818

Tanzimat Reforms Begin

1839

First Opium War

1839 - 1842

Taiping Uprising

1850 - 1864

Commodore Perry opens Japan

1853

Sepoy Rebellion

1857 - 1858

Chinese "Self-Strengthening" Program

1860 - 1880

Meiji Restoration

1868 - 1912

Japanese Empire

1868 - 1947

INC Established

1885

Sino-Japanese War

1894 - 1895

Boxer Rebellion

1900

Russo-Japanese War

1904 - 1905

All-India Muslim League Established

1906

Armenian Genocide

1915 - 1923

Russian Revolution

1917 - 1918

Founding of Chinese Communist Party

1921

Turkey's Secular Modernization

1923 - 1938

Mustafa Kemal Ataturk

Japanese Authoritarianism

1930 - 1945

Decolonization

1930 - 2000

Rape of Nanjing

1937 - 1938

World War II Begins in Asia

1937

Japan invades China

U.S. Occupation of Japan

1945 - 1952

Mao Zedong in Power

1945 - 1976

First Use of Nuclear Weapons

1945

Hiroshima and Nagasaki

Indian Independence

1947

Pakistani Independence

1947

Communist Takeover of China

1949

Korean War

1950 - 1953

Great Leap Forward

1958 - 1960

Vietnam War

1965 - 1973

Cultural Revolution

1966 - 1976

Six-Day War

1967

Israel vs. Arabs

Deng Xiaoping and Reforms

1976 - 1994

Soviet War in Afghanistan

1979 - 1989

Iranian Revolution

1979

Gorbachev Reforms

1985 - 1990

Tiananmen Square

1989

Rapid Economic Growth

1990 - 2013

Rapid Economic Growth

1990 - 2013

Collapse of the Soviet Union

1991

Africa

Agri. Breakthrough

3000 BCE - 2000 BCE

Bantu Migrations start

3000 BCE

Egyptian Old Kingdom

2663 bce - 2195 bce

Nubian Kingdom of Kush

2500 bce - 300

First Intermediate Period in Egypt

2181 BCE - 1991 BCE

-split of Egypt
-decline in power of pharaohs

Middle Kingdom Egypt

2134 BCE - 1690 BCE

Second Intermediate Period in Egypt

1650 BCE - 1550 BCE

Hyksos

New Kingdom Egypt

1550 bce - 1064 bce

Egyptian Empire

Urbanization in Niger River Valley

300 bce - 900

Meroë flourished

300 bce - 100

Trade among Sudanic farmers

1 ce - 1000

Intro of Christianity in Axum

300 - 400

Beginning of Trans-Saharan Trade

300

Kingdom of Axum

340 - 1300

-Height of Imperial Expansion: 571 ce

Bantu reach South Africa

400

Bantu-Speaking Cultures Created

500 - 1500

-Kenya
-Zimbabwe
-Lake Victoria
-East African Coast

Kanem

700 - 1387

Ghana

750 - 1235

Hausa

800 - 1500

Swahili Civilization Flourishes

1000 - 1500

Agricultural Village Societies

1000 - 1500

Yoruba
Igbo
Benin

Trans-Saharan Slave Trade

1100 - 1400

Mali

1230 - 1600

Great Zimbabwe

1250 - 1350

Mansa Musa's hajj

1324 - 1325

Portuguese Voyages

1400 - 1500

Songhai

1464 - 1591

Fulbe jihads

1700 - 1899

Scramble for Africa

1881 - 1914

Boer War

1899 - 1902

Emerging "Pan-African Identity"

1900 - 2013

German East African Rebellion

1905

King Leopold's Atrocities Ended

1908

South African Independence

1910

African Farmers develop Export Agriculture

1911

ANC Founded

1912

Muslim Brotherhood Established

1928

Italian Invasion of Ethiopia

1935

Democracies Swept Away

1950 - 1970

Military Coups

African Independence Achieved

1957 - 1975

Soweto Uprising

1976

Resurgence of Democracy

1980 - 2013

End of Apartheid

1994

Australia & Oceania

Agri. Breakthrough-New Guinea

7000 BCE - 4000 BCE

Paleolithic Persistence

1000 - 1500

Universal Female Suffrage

1893

New Zealand (first)