Early Music History

Main

Council of Trent

1545 - 1563

Arbeau Treatise Orchesographie

1589

Dancing!

Notation

Earliest books of chant with notation

850 - 900

Heightened Neumes

900 - 1100

Church modes solidified

900

Guidonian Notation

1000

Mass Settings

People

Pope Gregory I

590 - 604

Charlemagne

768 - 814

Bernart de Ventadorn

1130 - 1200

TROUBADOUR

Leonin

1150 - 1201

Perotin

1170 - 1220

guesstimate

Comtessa de Día

1175 - 1225

trobaritz

Adam de la Halle

1240 - 1288

TROUVÉRE

Phillipe de Vitry

1291 - 1361

isorhythmic motet

Guillame de Machaut

1300 - 1377

Ars Nova
formes fixes
chansons
Ordinaries

Francesco Landini

1325 - 1397

Machaut contemporary
Ballata: AbbaA

John Dunstable

1390 - 1453

sacred motet

Guillame Du Fay

1397 - 1474

Josquin De Prez

1450 - 1521

Marco Cara

1465 - 1525

Isabella d'Este

1474 - 1539

Martin Luther

1483 - 1546

Claudin de Sermisy

1490 - 1562

French Chanson

Tielman Susato

1500 - 1561

churned out collections of French dance music

Jacque Arcadelt

1507 - 1550

Calvin

1509 - 1564

Cipriano de Rore

1516 - 1555

Middle Madrigalist

Attaingnant starts publishing

1530

Lassus

1532 - 1594

Elizabeth I

1533 - 1603

r. 1558-1603

William Byrd

1540 - 1623

Elizabeth I is his patron
writes anthems

Tomas Luis de Victoria

1548 - 1611

Carl Gesualdo

1561 - 1613

Late Madrigals

John Dowland

1563 - 1626

Thomas Weelkes

1576 - 1623

poesia per musica

Vizzana

1590 - 1662

Pieces

Viderunt Omnes (duplum)

1150

LEONIN

Ordo virtutum

1151

Hildegard of Bingen

Can vei la lauzeta mover

1170

Ventadorn

A Chantar

1175

Comtessa de Día

Viderunt Omnes (quadruplum)

1198

Perotin

Montpellier Codex

1275

major French motet manuscript

In arboris

1320

isorhythmic motet

Messe de Nostre Dame

1364

MACHAUT
first polyphonic mass to be written by a single composer and composed as a unit

Non avra me pieta

1375

Quam Pulchra Es

1415

John Dunstable

Squarcialupi Codex

1420

compendium of Italian Trecento music
richly illustrated
LANDINI

Christe, redemptor omnium

1430

DuFay
fauxbourdon

Last DuFay isorhythmic motet

1446

Se la face ay pale

1450

DuFay
cantus firmus mass

Ave Maria...virgo serena

1484

Josquin

Io non compro piú speranza

1500

Cara

Odhecaton published

1501

Petrucci

Missa Pange Lingua

1515

De Prez
Paraphrase mass

Cum essem parvulus

1579

sacred motet
Lassus

Sing Joyfully

1580

Byrd
almost all syllabic
Anthem

Flow My Tears

1600

based on lute piece
Dowland

Pavana Lachrymae

1600

based on Dowland's "Flow My Tears"
English virginal version

Triumphs of Oriana

1601

Collection of 12 pieces by 12 composers glorifying Oriana
Includes Weelkes' ridiculous piece

Genres

Notre Dame Polyphony

1150 - 1350

Leonin, Perotinus, Magnus Liber Organi

Stage I Motet

1200 - 1240

Stage II Motet

1220 - 1250

Stage III Motet

1250 - 1300

De la Halle Motet

1250 - 1300

Ars Nova

1300 - 1325

De Vitry
allowed duple division of notes

Double Leading Tone Cadence

1300 - 1350

Formes fixes

1300 - 1400

French song
text and music have particular patterns of repetition

Isorhythmic motet

1310 - 1450

The English Guise

1400 - 1435

Early Italian Madrigals

1520 - 1550

Chorales

1520

English Madrigals

1530 - 1600

Middle Italian Madrigals

1540 - 1580

Metrical Psalms

1550

Late Italian Madrigals

1570 - 1600

Lute Ayre

1598 - 1620