Untitled timeline



1200 - 1206

a Mongol clan leader named Temujin sought to unify the Mongols under his leadership. He fought and defeated his rivals one by one.

Temujin= Ghenkis Khan

1206 - 1211

Temujin accepted the title Genghis Khan, or “universal ruler” of the Mongol clans

Jin empire invading

1211 - 1225

Ghenkis Khan invades the northern Jin Empire in 1211

Conquering Central Asia

1225 - 1227

The Mongols destroyed one city after another—Utrar, Samarkand, Bukhara—and slaughtered many inhabitants. By 1225, Central Asia was under Mongol control.

Genghis khan dies

1227 - 1260

Genghis Khan died in 1227—not from violence, but from illness.


1260 - 1281

the Mongols had divided their huge empire into four regions, or khanates. (See the map on page 334.) These were the Khanate of the Great Khan (Mongolia and China), the Khanate of Chagatai (Central Asia), the Ilkhanate (Persia), and the Khanate of the Golden Horde (Russia). A descendant of Genghis ruled each khanate.

Marco Polo

1275 - 1281

The most famous European to visit China in these years was a young Venetian trader, Marco Polo. He traveled by caravan on the Silk Roads with his father and uncle, arriving at Kublai Khan’s court around 1275. Polo had learned several Asian languages in his travels, and Kublai Khan sent him to various Chinese cities on government missions.

Polo's leave

1281 - 1291

the Polos left China and made the long journey back to Venice.