French/English Song Literature

French Happenings: Historical Events

Context, y'all! Historical Context!

French Revolution!

1789 - 1799

Blood. Death. You know the story.

First French Republic

1792 - 1804

Let's try a Republic, shall we? No? Ok.

Napoleonic Rule/First French Empire

1804 - 1815

The man crowned himself Emperor. CROWNED HIMSELF.

Bourbon Restoration

1814 - 1830

Napoleon? More like NO-poleon! Back to the [constitutional] Monarchy

Les Miserables

1815 - 1832

Just when the story is set. So you know.

July Monarchy

1830 - 1848

"No, no, guys! It's the King of the FRENCH. Not the King of France!" Let's focus more on the people.

Second Republic

1848 - 1851

No! NO MORE MONARCHY! Liberté! Égalité! Fraternité!

Second French Empire

1851 - 1870

Well, I guess ONE more Napoleon could't hurt. Let's give Napoleon III a shot at running this.

Franco-Prussian War

1870 - 1871

Ach! Napoleon III, maybe you should have left Luxembourg alone and quit while you were ahead. Epic Prussian win.

Third Republic

1871 - 1940

The loss of Alsace-Lorraine makes the French think: "Maybe we should SLOW DOWN."

Exposition Universelle

May 1, 1878 - November 10, 1878

We're Back, baby! Let's celebrate recovery after the war! Appearances by: The Statue of Liberty's Head and Alexander Graham Bell's Telephone.

Exposition Universelle, Part Deux

May 6, 1889 - October 31, 1889

So nice, they did it twice! This is the World's Fair, 100th Anniversary of the Bastille. The Eiffel Tower showed up, also the premiere of Jules Massenet's "Esclarmonde, Buffalo Bill and Annie Oakley, Gauguin, and van Gogh.

World War I

1914 - 1918

France and Russia (with UK and USA) team up to whoop some German tail! But beware--they don't easily let go of those grudges.

World War II

1939 - 1945

Oh look, a sequel.

Vichy France

1940 - 1944

Fascist Nazis ruin EVERYTHING. But Charles de Gaulle is fighting the man from London. Yay FREE FRENCH!

Fourth Republic

1946 - 1958

Wow...these names are so original?

Fifth Republic

1958 - 2013

Finally! A system that WORKS!

American Composers

Certified fresh and homegrown!

Charles Ives

1874 - 1954

Aaron Copland

1900 - 1990

Samuel Barber

1910 - 1981

Ned Rorem

1923 - 2013

Dominick Argento

1927 - 2013

Richard Hundley

1931 - 2013

William Bolcom

1938 - 2013

Ricky Ian Gordon

1956 - 2013

Jake Heggie

1961 - 2013

Tom Cipullo

1968 - 2013

British Composers

A League of Extraordinary Gentlemen

John Dowland

1563 - 1626

Thomas Campion

1567 - 1620

Henry Purcell

1659 - 1695

Ralph Vaughan Williams

1872 - 1958

Roger Quilter

1877 - 1953

Frank Bridge

1879 - 1941

George Butterworth

1885 - 1916

Gerald Finzi

1910 - 1956

Benjamin Britten

1913 - 1976

French Composers

Oo-la-la!!

Hector Berlioz

1803 - 1869

Franz Liszt

1811 - 1886

Charles Gounod

1818 - 1893

Cesar Franck

1822 - 1890

Camille Saint-Saëns

1835 - 1921

Georges Bizet

1838 - 1875

Jules Massenet

1842 - 1912

Gabriel Faure

1845 - 1924

Henri Duparc

1848 - 1933

Ernest Chausson

1855 - 1899

Claude Debussy

1862 - 1918

Erik Satie

1866 - 1925

Albert Roussel

1869 - 1937

Reynaldo Hahn

1874 - 1947

Maurice Ravel

1875 - 1937

Arthur Honegger

1892 - 1955

Darius Milhaud

1892 - 1974

Francis Poulenc

1899 - 1963

Writers and Poets

We don't have songs without the words...

Victor Hugo

1802 - 1885

Théophile Gautier

1811 - 1872

Leconte de Lisle

1818 - 1894

Charles Baudelaire

1821 - 1867

Theodore de Banville

1823 - 1891

Sully Prudhomme

1839 - 1907

Jean Lahor (Henri Cazalis)

1840 - 1909

Stéphane Mallarmé

1842 - 1898

Paul-Marie Verlaine

1844 - 1896

Guillaume Apollinaire

1880 - 1918

Paul Éluard

1895 - 1952