Relevant events of the 19th and early 20th cent.

Science & Drugs

laudanum is the primary treatment for illness

1800

hashish and tobacco are popular

1800

opium is used widely in europe

1800

Morphine is isolated by Friedrich Serturner

1804

Charles Frédéric Gerhardt creates acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin)

1853

Isolation of the Cocaine Alkaloid by Friedrich Gaedcke

1855

Mass availability of hypodermic needles

1857

Synthesis of Heroin by C.R. Alder Wright

1874

Alexander Fleming Discovers Penicillin

1928

Politics & Business

1st Opium War

1839 - 1842

2nd Opium War

1856 - 1860

American Civil War

1861 - 1865

Oscar Wildes Trial

1895

Heroin brought to market by Bayer Co.

1898

Bayer Co. starts selling aspirin world wide

1899

First laws prohibiting the sale of opiates, cocaine and hashish

1913

Literature

Thomas De Quincey, Confessions of an English Opium-Eater

1821

Club des Hashischins is active in Paris

1844 - 1849

Thomas De Quincey, Confessions of an English Opium-Eater is republished

1856

Baudelaire, Les fleurs du mal

1857

Fitz Hugh Ludlow, the Hashish Eater

1857

Darwin, Origin of the Species

1859

Baudelaire, Les Paradis Artificiels

1860

Joris-Karl Huysmans, A Rebour

1884

Sigmund Freud, Uber Coca

1884

Lippencots publishes Oscar Wilde's The Picture of Dorian Grey

1890 - 1891