Vietnam War

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Fall of Japan

August 1945

Ho Chi Minh reads Declaration

September 1945

Ho Chi Minh reads Declaration of Independence for Vietnam. British Arrive in the south

British Withdrew. French Return

January 1946

British Withdrew. French return. French and Viet Minh at war over issue of independence

Americans begin economic and military aid to French

1949

Ho Chi Minh's government recognised by peoples republic

1950

Ho Chi Minh's government recognised by peoples republic of China, USSR, North Korea etc.

Battle of Dien Bien Phu. General Giap and Vietnamese gain victory

May 1954

General Agreements divide Vietnam at 17th parallel

July 1954

General Agreements divide Vietnam at 17th parallel, communists to the North and anti-communists to South led by Diem. French withdraw

US bombers attack Vietnam for the first time

1955

US bombers attack Vietnam for the first time. US Marines begin intervention of US forces in South. General Khahn leads south by end of war. Air Marshal Ky and General Thieu are in control of South Vietnams government. Sir Robert Menzies (PM) sends troops to Vietnam. Conscription for service in Vietnam is introduced

Opposition to Diem's government in South builds

1957 - 1959

NLF (National Liveration Front) is formed

1960

NLF (National Liveration Front) is formed to liberate the South for Ho Chi Minh's communist North

US advisers help conduct anti-guerilla campaign

1961 - 1963

Strategic Hamlets program begins.

1962

Australian Military advisors go to South Vietnam

Diem is overthrown. Search and Destroy begins

November 1963

Gulf of Tonkin incident

1964

Gulf of Tonkin incident. Sir Robert Menzies agrees to send Australian troops to Vietnam. Escalation of war

First Australian conscripts arrive in Vietnam

1966

First Australian conscripts arrive in Vietnam. Prime Minister holt commits more troops to the conflict. Battle of Long Tan

Tet offensive by Viet Cong and Northern troops against major cities and towns

January 1968

My Lai massacre

March 1968

Peace negotiations with North Vietnamese begin in Paris

May 1968

Peak of US troops in Vietnam

1969

"Vietnamisation" of withdrawal of US troops begin

May 1969

Ho Chi Minh dies

September 1969

Massive anti-war demonstrations is USA and Australia

September 1969

US troops attack Cambodia

1970

Phased withdrawal of Australian troops

1970

Phased withdrawal of Australian troops. Anti-war moratorium staged in Australia

Northern Build-up continues

1971

Northern Build-up continues. Australian prime minister McMahon agrees to withdraw troops form Vietnam

US troops withdrawal continues

1972

US troops withdrawal continues. US bombing of Hanoi and Haplang. Last Australian troops withdraw. Australians aid to South Vietnam ends. Conscription ends

Pace agreement is signed in Paris

1973

Pace agreement is signed in Paris between US, North Vietnamese , and the NLF. US troops leave

North Vietnamese offensive begins

January 1975

Unification of North and South Vietnam

1975

Unification of North and South Vietnam into Socialist Republic of Vietnam

Saigon Falls and Vietnam war ends

April 1975