All U.S. History Ever

Presidents

George Washington

1789 - 1797

None, Federalist

John Adams

1797 - 1801

Federalist

Thomas Jefferson

1801 - 1809

Democratic-Republican

James Madison

1809 - 1817

Democratic Republican

James Monroe

1817 - 1825

Democratic Republican

John Quincy Adams

1825 - 1829

Democratic Republican

Andrew Jackson

1829 - 1837

Democrat

Martin van Buren

1837 - 1841

Democrat

William H. Harrison

1841

Whig

John Tyler

1841 - 1845

Whig/Democrat

ran with Harrison (W) but had Dem policies

no party really...everyone bails on him

James K. Polk

1845 - 1849

Democrat

Zachary Taylor

1849 - 1850

Whig

Millard Fillmore

1850 - 1853

Whig

Franklin PIerce

1853 - 1857

Democrat

James Buchanan

1857 - 1861

Democrat

Abraham Lincoln

1861 - 1865

Republican

Andrew Johnson

1865 - 1869

Democrat

Ulysses S. Grant

1869 - 1877

Republican

Rutherford B. Hayes

1877 - 1881

Republican

Chester Arthur

1881 - 1885

Republican

James Garfield

1881

Republican

Grover Cleveland

1885 - 1889

Democrat

Benjamin Harrison

1889 - 1893

Republican

Grover Cleveland

1893 - 1897

Democrat

William McKinley

1897 - 1901

Republican

Theodore Roosevelt

1901 - 1909

Republican

William Taft

1909 - 1913

Republican

Woodrow Wilson

1913 - 1921

Democrat

Warren Harding

1921 - 1923

Republican

Calvin Coolidge

1923 - 1929

Republican

Herbert C. Hoover

1929 - 1933

Republican

Franklin Delano Roosevelt

1933 - 1945

Democrat

Harry S. Truman

1945 - 1953

Democrat

Dwight D. Eisenhower

1953 - 1961

Republican

John F. Kennedy

1961 - 1963

Democrat

Lyndon B. Johnson

1963 - 1969

Democrat

Richard Nixon

1969 - 1974

Republican

Gerald R. Ford

1974 - 1977

Republican

Jimmy Carter

1977 - 1981

Democrat

Ronald Reagan

1981 - 1989

Republican

George H.W. Bush

1989 - 1993

Republican

Bill Clinton

1993 - 2001

Democrat

George W. Bush

2001 - 2009

Republican

Barak Obama

2009 - 2016

Democrat

Eras

Early Colonization of the New World

1492 - 1650

The Age of Salutary Neglect

1650 - 1750

Revolutionary Period

1763 - 1783

Period of Discontent

1783 - 1789

The Early Republic

1789 - 1800

Jeffersonian Republic

1800 - 1823

Neutrality (Foreign Policy)

1800 - 1898

Era of Good Feelings

1815 - 1825

one political party
continuation of DR policies
end of Napoleonic wars--don't have to worry about foreign shit anymore--isolation

Canal Era

1825 - 1850

Gilded Age

1877 - 1897

Wars

King Philip's War

1670 - 1680

MA
Metacom
White claims surrounding NA
end of formidable NA presence in North America

The French and Indian War/ Seven Years' War

1754 - 1763

Brist/Amer vs French/Indians
fighting over land in Ohio River Valley
French protecting the fur trade

Revolutionary War

1775 - 1783

Battles at Lexington and Concord

1775

minutement beat english at concord--shot heard round the world

Battle of Trenton

December 25, 1776

crossing delaware river
huge moral victory

Battle of Saratoga

1777

gain french support after winning

Yorktown

1780

trick Cornwallis and get them stuck
surrender, not defeated
showed their exhaustion

War of 1812

1812 - 1814

Battle of New Orleans

1814

Jackson wins the only clear US victory AFTER THE WAR

Mexican American War

1846 - 1848

Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (Mexican Cession)

1848

ended mex amer war
got almost all of the modern SW
US paid 15 mil

Civil War

1860 - 1865

Spanish-American War

1898 - 1901

Cold War

1945 - 1989

Vietnam War

1959 - 1975

Events

Christopher Columbus

1492

Commits genocide on the natives but we gave him a holiday anyways cause mistakenly finding a continent and thinking its India makes him just so smart ya know

Roanoke Island

1587 - 1590

First attempt to settle North America
Sponsored by Sir Walter Raleigh
Disappeared by 1590
"Lost Colony"

Jamestown

1607

funded by the Virginia Company, joint-stock company (group of investors)
John Smith, strict rules (work to eat), helped colony survive through starving time
John Rolfe, tobacco, Pocahontas, marriage ends first Powhatan War
Chesapeake
many went for financial purposes, wealth opportunity

Quebec Established

1608

Starving Time

1609 - 1610

Jamestown, everyone looking for gold not food

John Rolfe Marries Pocahontas

1614

Ended first Powhatan War

Headright system introduced

1618

headright was a piece of land 50 acres to possible colonists, settlers

House of Burgesses Established

1619

first form of democracy in the colonies

First Slaves Brought to Colonies

1619

Pilgrims land in Plymouth, MA

1620

Separatists (NOT PURITANS)
Mayflower
Mayflower Compact, basic legal system, government derives from consent of the govern

Great Puritan Migration

1629 - 1642

Puritans (Congregationalists; reform Anglican Church)
led by John Winthrop
"city upon a hill"
no religious freedom
covenant: ppl & God; ppl & community

Connecticut

1635

proprietorship

Interregnum (Between Kings)

1649 - 1660

Oliver Cromwell came to power after Puritans won English Civil Wars.
Republic w/ a constitution
little motive to go to New World

Stuart's take back power

1660

end of religious toleration
Puritans escaping religious persecution again
bring with them ideas of a republic from Cromwell's rule

New York

1685

becomes royal colony after taken from the Dutch

MA becomes royal colony

1691

Salem Witch Trials

1692

130 ppl jailed/executed in Salem MA
oh silly puritans worrying about encroaching dangers and the downfall of their 'reign'

Carolina splits

1729

Carolina was proprietary
split into North (taken by Virginians) and South (settled by descendants from Englishmen from Barbados)

Albany Plan of Union

1754

representatives from seven colonies met to discuss the albany plan--intercolonial government/tax collection system for colonies' defense
"Join or Die" (B. Franklin)
eventually rejected

Massachusetts Circular

1768

written by sam adams
asking all other assemblies to protest townshend acts in unsion

Boston Massacre

1770

mob throw rock filled snowballs at soldiers, five killed
over dramatized by propaganda
John Adams defends the soldiers--fair trial for all those accused

First Continental Congress

1774

everyone but GA went
talk about their grievances
basically bitching to each other about Britain

Continental Association forms

1774

set up committees of observation to enforce boycotts
de facto governments
expanded powers, took power from crown appointed gov't
showed a shift in thinking in the colonies

Second Continental Congress

1775

prepared for war
est army
printed money
created gov't offices
chose GW to lead army
write Olive Branch petition to George III

Common Sense (book)

1776

thomas paine
colonial independence
republicanism over monarchy

Declaration of Independence

1776

delcare independence from Britain
colonies grievances
principle of individual liberty
gov't fundamental responsibility to serve the people

Articles of Confederation

1777

first nat constitution
little to no central gov't
can't regulate trade, tax, amendments require unanimous consent

Franco-American Alliance

1778

Ben Franklin
get France to support the US
after the battle of Saratoga
France hates Brits (general trend through early history)

Treaty of Paris

1783

end of revolutionary war
colonies get independence
generous territorial rights

Constitutional Convention

1787

Philly, PA

Annapolis Convention

1787

Hamilton wanted everyone to go to annapolis but nobody showed up oops

Federalist Papers

1787 - 1788

trying to get the constitution ratified in NY mainly

Constitution goes into effect

1789

Bill of Rights added

1791

Citizen Genet

1793 - 1794

Edmond Genet
came to US to get support
we wanted to stay neutral, but Genet went around and started to just do whatever
GW super angry, wanted him to leave but we gave him asylum b/c he would have died if he went back (guillotine)

Neutrality Proclamation

June 1793

GW declared that we would be "friendly and impartial to belligerent powers"

Jay's Treaty

November 1794

treaty w/ Britain, not following treaty of paris
didn't leave NW territory
violating trade agreements
didn't take us seriously lol
Jay burned in effigy
low point of GW admin
ppl wanted more action taken, but treaty avoided another war

Pinckney's Treatry (of San Lorenzo)

1796

high point of GW admin
US rights to use MS river
removal of spanish forts

XYZ Affair

1797 - 1798

after signing jay treaty--French were pissed bc they hate Brits (general trend for a while...)
we send diplomats to France, but demanded a bribe for anything to happen
returned home w/ nothing done-->
US becomes anti-French
Adams eventually negotiates a treaty to avoid war

Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions

1798 - 1799

response to Alien and sedition acts
idea of nullification--that states could say if something was unconstitutional

capital moved to Washington D.C.

1800

AH's concession to get financial plan passed

Election of 1800

1800

first peaceful transition of power to another party

Louisiana Purchase

1802

bought from France
originally just wanted New Orleans but doubled country instead
Jeff--strict vs loose construct
pres didn't have power to purchase land but it was a freaking awesome opportunity

Battle of Tippecanoe

1811

US ended the NA movement
destroyed Prophetstown

Treaty of Ghent

1814

Hartford Convention

1814

federalists talk about how the country isn't doing well, secession comes up
basically everyone finds out and they die off... okay the party just loses support...traitors...

Adams-Onis Treaty

1819

FL from da spaniards

Panic of 1819

1819

followed econ growth
ppl did pay back loans
inflation
land speculation
destabilized the econ
foreclosures
bank failures

Mexico delcares indep from Spain

1821

Monroe Doctrine

1823

if you colonize in the west hemisphere, prepare to feel our wrath
you stay off our land, we stay out of your euro shit

Corrupt Bargain

1824

Jackson gets plurality of pop votes
Adams gets chosen by electoral college
picks Clay as SS (gateway to presidency)
Jackson vows to get them both out

Eerie Canal Complete

1825

"The South Carolina Exposition and Protest

1828

John C. Calhoun anonymously complaining about the tariff

LIberator

1831

Garrison

Jackson vetoes 2nd BUS

1833

Nicholas Biddle tried to get it rechartered early
jackson's personal dislike of the nat bank
felt it protected the rich, hurt the poor
put everything into smaller pet banks
presidential veto

American Anti-Slavery Society

1833

Garrison founded

Trail of Tears

1835 - 1837

thousands of NA died moving to Oklahoma

Specie Circular

1836

ended selling gov't land on credit
jackson distrusted paper money
ppl could only use hard currency
led to a money shortage

Alamo

1836

Amer settlers in Mex (TX) rebelled against the mex gov't that was just trying to get them to abide by their laws.....

Gag Rule in place

1836 - 1844

Panic of 1837

1837

pet banks
specie circular
jackson's personal dislike for everything

Webster-Ashburn Treaty

1842

northern border of the US by the great lakes
between US and GB

The Oregon Treaty

1846

49th parallel ORegon

gold discovered in CA

1848

Seneca Falls

1848

Declaration of Rights and Sentiments of Women
NY

Uncle Tom's Cabin

1852

Harriet Beecher Stowe
horrific stories of plantation life
controversial
south said unrealistic, north said eye-opening

Bleeding Kansas

1854 - 1858

slavery and anti slavery forces both trying to take control
violence ensues

Sumner-Brooks Affair

1856

Brooks(pro) beats Sumner (abolitionist) with a cane for verbally attacking his uncle

Border War

1856

bleeding kansas, nebraska, missouri

Lincoln Douglass Debates

1858

Lincoln--"House Divided" cant survive like this
Douglas-- Freeport Doctrine, pro pop sov

Harper's Ferry

1859

John Brown abolitionist
kills plantation owners
executed
meteor of the war

SC secedes

1860

Emancipation Proclamation

September 1862

emancipated slaves in rebelling states

Sherman's March

1864

military march from atlanta to the sea
burned everything down

Reconstruction

1865 - 1877

Freedman's Bureau

1865

help newly freed blacks into society

National Woman Suffrage Association

1869

Stanton
Anthony

Credit Mobilier

1872

gov't corruption

Panic of 1873

1873

Whiskey Ring

1875

class tensions
back country farmers against the elite
this time, the US gov't has much more power

Compromise of 1877

1877

hayes pres
reconstruction end

Bustin Trusts y'all

1904

Bustin More Trusts y'all

1910

Stock Market Collapse

1929

First New Deal

1933

TX admitted

1945

Birmingham Church bombed

1948

4 girls killed

Military desegregated

1948

Geneva Accords

1954

communist N
democratic S
call for direct elections which never happen
French pull out and leave US to clean up mess

Great Society

1964 - 1968

War on Poverty

Gulf of Tonkin incident

1964

Mai Lai Massacre

1968

Movements

Great Awakening

1730 - 1750

George Whitefield
Jonathan Edwards
religious revival

2nd Great Awakening

1795 - 1837

Civil Rights Movement

1945 - 1975

Uprisings/ Rebellions

Bacon's Rebellion

1676

The tastiest rebellion in history
led by Nathaniel Bacon
class tensions gone awry--attacked NA

Stono (Cato) Uprising

1739

slaves rebelled in SC liberating slaves and killing planters/shopkeepers
led to more restrictive laws on slave behavior

Pontiac's Rebellion

1763

English raised price of goods sold to NA
let to NA rebellion

Sons of LIberty Formed

1765

protest group
almost destroyed governors' mansions
burned customs officers
tore down customs house
no one appointed by the Crown was willing to do their job--too afraid

Virginia Stamp Resolves

1765

protested taxes
asserted colonists right to some measure of self government

Committees of Correspondence

1772

response to some of the townshend acts being put in place
asking people to take interest
informative

Boston Tea Party

1773

reaction to more (although less severe) taxes after Britain monopolizes tea trade in India

Shay's Rebellion

August 1786 - January 1787

farmers from west MA
protesting econ/pol problems
class tensions
backcountry vs. coastal elite

The French Revolution

1787 - 1799

Whiskey Rebellion

1791

backcountry farmers rebellion over excise tax on whiskey (liquid form good for transporting wheat)
farmers vs. elite
gov't actually controls it yay constitution

Nat Turner's Rebellion

1831

nat turner--preacher
got blacks to rebel, kill 60 whites
200 slaves, innocent and guilty, were executed
put in place black codes--blacks couldn't congregate, learn to read/write

Acts/ Legislation/Amendments

Edict of Nantes

1598

tolerance for Huguenots (French Protestants) in France, fewer people coming to the Americas

Fundamental Orders

1635

first written constitution in British America

Act of Toleration

1649

MD religious toleration for Christians
Calvert

Navigation Acts

1651 - 1673

series of acts passed to control trade between the Americas and other countries

Halfway Covenant

1662

don't need to be fully committed to be a member of the church

Proclamation of 1763

1763

forbid settlement past Appalachians even though Amers had already started to move West
end of salutary neglect

Sugar Act

1764

aimed at deterring molasses smugglers
really made ppl angry b/c it was actually regulated (duties to be collected)

Currency Act

1764

forbade colonies to issue paper money

Stamp Act

1765

aimed at raising revenue
put taxes on things made in the Americas
affected everyone (especially literate/intelligent ones)

Quartering Act

1765

colonists require to (pay for) housing/feeding Brit soldiers

Townshend Acts

1767

taxed goods from Britain
taxes pay collectors--no longer use wages as leverage to get what they want
more Brit enforcement in colonies

Townshend repealed

1769

some of Townshend act put in place

1772

colonial administrators would be paid from customs revenues

Intolerable (Coercive) Acts

1774

Brit reaction to Boston Tea Party
Boston Harbor would remain closed until paid for tea
english control over MA tightened

Quebec Act

1774

gave greater liberties to Catholics, whom the Protestant majority disliked
expanded quebec territory--impeding westward expansion

Northwest Ordinance

1787

abolished slavery in NW territories
set regulations for applying for statehood
how land was going to be surveyed and divided up

Alien and Sedition Acts

1798

reaction to xyz affair/ anti-french sentiment
could deport, jail immigrants, newspaper editors for scandalous, malicious writing
basically wanted to destroy support for DRs
sedition act violated first amendment

Twelfth Amendment

1804

allowed electors to vote for a party ticket
pres runs with vp

Embargo Act 1807

1807

closed US trade
crazy shit going down in Europe

Non-Intercourse Act

1809

open up trade with everyone but France and GB bc so many impressments man

Macon's Bill No 2

1809

FRance GB whoever agrees to stop being annoying first can trade with us

MIssouri Compromise

1820

MO slave state
south border MO where slavery ends everywhere else (36,30 across louisiana territory)
ME admitted as free state

Tariff of Abominations (1828)

1828

highest tariff ever at that point
SC was furious
talking about nullification

Indian Removal Act

1830

move NA to Oklahoma

Tariff of 1832

1832

tried to lower tariff of abominations
SC stil not happy

Force Bill

1833

SC nullifies the tariff
Jackson is furious and says he will go in with military force if it isn't implemented

Compromise of 1850

1850

CA free
stronger fugitive slave law
UT NM, pop sov
abolished slave TRADE in DC

Kansas- Nebraska Act

1854

pop sov
slavery above MO Comp line
more instability

Thirteenth Amendment

1864

abolish slavery

Military Reconstruction Act

1867

martial law in teh south
new state constitutional conventions
allow blacks to vote for convention delegates

Fourteenth Amerndment

1868

rights of naturalized citizens

Fifteenth Amendment

1869

black men suffrage

Amnesty Act 1872

1872

pardoned rebels

Sherman Anti Trust Act

1890

Clayton Anti Trust Act

1914

Eighteenth Amendment

1919

prohibition of alcohol

19th Amendment

1920

womens vote

Judicial/ Court Cases

Marbury v. Madison

1803

est judicial review
MARSHALL <3

McCulloch v. MD

1819

states can't tax nat bank
national law over state law

Cherokee Nation v. GA

1831

Supreme Court can't hear the NA's claims b/c not foreign nation but an Indian nation with dependent ppl in the US
case dismissed

Worcester v. GA

1832

Marshall--need to protect NA
Jackson--great go enforce it yourself

Dred Scott v. Sandford

1858

slaves can't be citizen, just property, no rights
regulation of slavery deemed unconstitutional
MO Comp repealed, anything else trying to regulate slavery gone

Brown v. Board of Ed

1954

separate and unequal