This is the period when From the mid-1200s to the mid-1300s, the Mongols imposed stability and law and order across.
In 1206, Temujin accepted the title Genghis Khan, or “universal ruler” of the mongol clan and entered his starting of power.
His first goal was China. After invading the northern Jin Empire in 1211 the attention turned to the region west of Mongolia.
The Mongols destroyed one city after another—By 1225, Central Asia was under Mongol control.
Genghis Khan died in 1227—not from violence, but from illness. His successors continued to expand his empire.
Kublai Khan, the grandson of Genghis Khan, assumed the title Great Khan in 1260.
He traveled by caravan on the Silk Roads with his father and uncle, arriving at Kublai Khan’s court around 1275
Failure to Conquer Japan After conquering China, Kublai Khan tried to extend his rule to Japan. In 1274 and again in 1281
Yuan Dynasty Overthrown Kublai Khan died in 1294. After his death, the Yuan Dynasty began to fade. Family members continually argued over who would rule after he died
Magadha and the area north of it, with his power base along the
Chandragupta gathered an army, killed the unpopular Nanda king, and in about 321 B.C. claimed the throne.
The first Gupta emperor came to power not through battle but by marrying a daughter of an influential royal family. After his marriage, Chandra Gupta I took the title “Great King of Kings” in A.D. 320.
By 303 B.C., the Mauryan Empire stretched more than 2,000
In 301 B.C., Chandragupta’s son assumed the throne. He ruled for 32 years. Then Chandragupta’s grandson, Asoka
Asoka Promotes Buddhism
Noble as his policies of toleration and nonviolence were, they failed to hold the empire together after Asoka died in 232 B.C
At the same time, northern India had
to absorb a flood of new people fleeing
political instability in other parts of
Asia. For 500 years, beginning about
. In 1434, he won control of Florence’s government. He did not seek political office for himself, but influenced members of the ruling council by giving them loans. For 30 years, he was dictator of Florence.
Cosimo de Medici died in 1464, but his family continued
Third, Christian scholars in Constantinople fled to Rome with Greek manu- scripts when the Turks conquered Constantinople in 1453.
Cosimo de Medici died in 1464, but his family continued to control Florence. His grandson, Lorenzo de Medici, came to power in 1469