World History Timeline By: Will Peters

Mongols

Genghis Khan Unites the Mongols

1200 - 1206

In 1200, Temujin a Mongol clan leader, tried to unify the empire. He fought his rivals and eventually defeated them.
In 1206, Temujin excepted the title of Genghis Khan. Or universal leader of the Mongol clans.

Genghis Khan invades the Jin Empire

1211

In 1211 Genghis Khan invades the Jin Empire in China. He invaded much of Asia and his first goal was China. But his attention soon turned to the Islamic region west of Mongolia.

Central Asia under Mongol Control

1225

The Mongol were destroying cities Utrar, Samarkand, Bukhara. The Mongols slaughtered many inhabitants.

Genghis Khan died

1227

Genghis Khan died in 1227. He died from illness, not violence. His successors continued to expand his empire.

Kublai Khan, took the throne

1260

Kublai Khan was the grandson of Genghis Khan. He ruled the entire Mongol empire.

The Mongol empire divided into 4 regions

1260

These were the Khanate of the Great Khan, the Khanate of Chagatai, the Ilkhanate, and the Khanate of the Golden Horde.

Marco Polo arrives at Kublai Khan’s court

1275

Polo learned many Asian languages in his travels. Also Kublai Khan sent him to many of China's cities on government missions.

Kublai Khan tries to expand into Japan

1281

He sent many fleets against Japan. The Mongols forced Koreans to build, sail, and provide provisions for the boats, a costly task that almost ruined Korea.

Kublai Khan died

1294

After his death, the Yuan Dynasty began to fade. And in one eight year period four Khans took the throne.

India

Chandragupta claimed the throne

321 BC

Chandragupta claimed throne in 321. This begn the Murayan Empire.

Mauryan empire stretches over 2,000 miles

303 BC

the Mauryan Empire stretched more than 2,000

Chandragupta’s son assumed the throne

301 BC

Chandragupta’s son assumed the throne, He ruled for 32 years. Then Chandragupta’s grandson.

Asoka became king of the Mauryan empire

269 BC

At first, he followed in Chandragupta’s footsteps, waging war to expand his empire. During a bloody war against the neighboring state of Kalinga, 100,000 sol- diers were slain, and even more civilians perished.

Asoka died

232 BC

Noble as his policies of toleration and nonviolence were, they failed to hold the empire together after Asoka died in 232 B.C.

northern India had to absorb a flood of new people fleeing political instability

185 BC

northern India had to absorb a flood of new people fleeing political instability. For 500 years, beginning about 185 B.C., wave after wave of Greeks, Persians, and Central Asians poured into northern India.

Chandra Gupta I took the title “Great King of Kings”

320 AD

His empire included Magadha and the area north of it, with his power base along the

Gupta became King

335 AD

Although a lover of the arts, Samudra had a warlike side. He expanded the empire through 40 years of conquest

Chandra Gupta II started his rule

375 AD

He defeated the Shaka enemies to the west and added their coastal territory to his empire.

Chandra Gupta ended his rule

415 AD

Chandra Gupta II also strengthened his empire through peaceful means by negotiating diplomatic and marriage alliances. He ruled from A.D. 375 to 415.

The Empire ended

535 AD

Over the next 100 years, the Gupta Empire broke into small king- doms. Many were overrun by the Hunas or other Central Asian nomads. The Empire ended about 535.

Timer the lane destroyed Delhi

1398

The city was completely devastated. Delhi was eventually rebuilt.

Babur inherited a kingdom

1494

The area he inherited was now present day Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan. It was only a tiny kingdom

Babur was a brilliant general

1526

he led 12,000 troops to victory against an army of 100,000.

Babura's grandson

1556 - 1605

Akbar certainly lived up to his name, ruling India with wisdom and tolerance.

Mumtaz mahal

1631

She died while she was giving birth to her 14th child. To ensure his wife's memory he built a tomb for her

Shah Jahan

1657

His four sons scrabbled for the throne. The third son took the throne.

Aurangzeb's rule

1658 - 1707

He expanded the empire to great size. But the power of the empire weakened during the empire.

Renaissance

plague

1348

In classical Latin, he wrote letters to many important friends. the Decameron, a series of realistic, sometimes off-color stories.

Cosimo de Medici

1434 - 1464

he won control of Florence’s government. He did not seek political office for himself, but influenced members of the ruling council by giving them loans.

Leonardo Da Vinci

1452 - 1519

Leonardo da Vinci’s notebooks—and life—are mysterious. Some 3,500 pages closely covered with writings and drawings survive.

Turks conquer Constantinople

1453

Known as Lorenzo the Magnificent, he ruled as a dictator yet kept up the appearance of having an elected government.

Donatello’s statue was created

1460

It was the first European sculpture of a large, free-standing nude since ancient times. For sculptors of the period, including Michelangelo, David was a favorite subject.

Lorenzo de Medici

1469

Known as Lorenzo the Magnificent, he ruled as a dictator yet kept up the appearance of having an elected government.

Michelangelo Buonarroti

1475 - 1565

Like Leonardo, Michelangelo was a Renaissance man.
He excelled as a painter, sculptor, architect, and poet

Vittoria Colonna

1492 - 1547

was born of a noble family. In 1509, she married the Marquis of Pescara.

The Prince

1513

by Niccolò Machiavelli

The Courtier

1528

Baldassare castigilone wrote a book.