World War I

Main

In 1922

1922

In 1922, Benito Mussolini and his Fascist party seized power in Italy.

After Lenin's death in 1924

1924

After Lenin's death in 1924, Joseph Stalin gained power.

Main Idea

1930

In the 1930's, as dictators elsewhere embarked on a path of aggression, the United States tried to stay out of the conflict.

Italy invades Ethiopia.

1935

Mussolini

1935

Mussolini invaded the African nation of Ethiopia in 1935. The Ethiopians fought bravely. However, their cavalry

Congress

1935

Congress passes the first Neutrality Act. The law is intended to keep the United States out of foreign conflicts.

Japan launches an all out war against China.

1937

World War II

1939

World War II begins as Germany invades Poland. Although the United States remains neutral, President Roosevelt seeks to aid the Allies, such as Britain and France.

France surrenders to Germany.

1940

Japanese planes bomb

1941

Japanese planes bomb the United States fleet at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. The next day, the United States enters World War II on the Allied side.

United States Navy

1942

The United States Navy defeats Japan at the Battle of Midway.

Britain defeats Germany forces in Egypt.

1942

D-Day

1944

On D-Day, June 6, Allied troops land at Normandy in France. Within a few months, France is liberated from the Nazis.

German troops are driven out of the Soviet Union.

1944

World War II

1945

World War II ends with the surrender of Germany in May and Japan in September.