1750-1789

Major Battles

Battle of Concord

April 19, 1775

At the Battle of Concord British soldiers suffered heavy losses because of their unfamiliarity with the Americans' unconventional guerrilla tactics.

Battle of Lexington

April 19, 1775

Paul Revere's ride warned of the British coming to Lexington and Concord. The patriots were easily defeated here with a few casualties.

Siege of Boston

April 19, 1775 - March 17, 1776

15,000 Minutemen laid siege to Boston from April 19, 1775 until March 17, 1776, when the British troops withdrew.

Battle of Ticonderoga

May 10, 1775

Battle of Bunker Hill

June 17, 1775

Battle of Quebec

December 31, 1775

American Political Leaders

Stephen Hopkins

March 7, 1707 - July 13, 1785

Stephen Hopkins was a governor of the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, a Chief Justice of the Rhode Island Supreme Court, and a signer of the Declaration of Independence.

Jonathan Trumbell, Sr.

October 12, 1710 - August 17, 1785

Jonathan Trumbell Sr. was one of the few Americans who served as governor in both a pre-Revolutionary colony and a post-Revolutionary state. During the American Revolution he supported the American side.

William Ellery

December 2, 1727 - February 15, 1820

William Ellery was a signer of the United States Declaration of Independence as the representative of Rhode Island

Andrew Adams

January 7, 1736 - November 26, 1797

Andrew Adams was an American lawyer, jurist, and political leader in Litchfield, Connecticut, during the American Revolutionary War. He was a delegate for Connecticut to the Continental Congress and later Chief Justice of the Connecticut Supreme Court. He is considered one of the Founding Fathers of the United States.

Theodore Foster

April 29, 1752 - January 13, 1828

Theodore Foster was a member of the Federalist Party and later the National Republican Party. He served as one of the first two United States Senators from Rhode Island and served as dean of the Senate.

American Military Leaders

William Alexander (Lord Stirling)

1726 - January 15, 1783

William Alexander was captured during the 1776 Battle of Long Island and was exchanged for Montfort Browne not long after, and served with distinction in many battles in New Jersey and Pennsylvania.

George Washington

February 22, 1732 - December 14, 1799

George Washington was the first President of the United States (1789–1797), the commander-in-chief of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War, and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States.

James Clinton

August 9, 1736 - September 22, 1812

James Clinton was active in his native New York, and was a leading figure of the 1779 Sullivan Expedition to destroy Iroquois settlements in that state. He also served in Quebec and at Yorktown, and commanded American troops at Fort Clinton when they were defeated in 1777.

Nathanael Greene

August 7, 1742 - June 19, 1786

Nathanael Greene was a major general of the Continental Army in the American Revolutionary War. He was known for his successful command in the Southern Campaign and for forcing British general Charles Cornwallis to abandon the Carolinas and head for Virginia.

Foreign Military Leaders

Jean-Baptiste Donatien de Vimeur, Comte de Rochambeau

July 1, 1725 - May 10, 1807

During the American Revolution, he served as commander-in-chief of the French Expeditionary Force which embarked from France in order to help the American Continental Army fight against British forces.

Bernardo de Gálvez y Madrid

July 23, 1746 - November 30, 1786

Gálvez aided the American Thirteen Colonies in their quest for independence and led Spanish forces against Britain in the Revolutionary War, defeating the British at the Siege of Pensacola (1781) and reconquering Florida for Spain.

Marie-Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de La Fayette

September 6, 1757 - May 20, 1834

Lafayette was a general in the American Revolutionary War and a leader of the Garde nationale during the French Revolution.

Foreign Political Leaders

George III

June 4, 1738 - January 29, 1820

Louis XVI

August 23, 1754 - January 21, 1793

Acts of Parliament

Sugar Act

April 5, 1764

Tea Act

May 10, 1773

Major Documents

Declaration Setting Forth the Causes and Necessity of Taking Up Arms

July 6, 1775

Constitution of the United States

September 17, 1787

Acts of Aggression

Boston Massacre

March 5, 1770

American Revolution

Seven Years War

1756 - 1763

George III became King of Britain

1760

Stamp Act introduced into the American colonies by the UK Parliament.

1765

The Quartering Act

March 24, 1765

This act requiring the Colonies to provide housing, food, and other provisions to British troops.

Repeal of the Stamp Act

March 18, 1766

The British Parliament repeals the unpopular Stamp Act.

Townshend Acts

June 29, 1767

The Townshend Acts are passed by Parliament, placing taxes on many items imported into America.

Tea Act

May 10, 1773

Boston Tea Pary

December 16, 1773

Intolerable Acts

1774

The Sugar Act

April 5, 1774

The First Continental Congress meets

September 5, 1774

The First Continental Congress meets; twelve colonies send delegates

Petition to the King

October 26, 1774

The Second Continental Congress

May 10, 1775

Olive Branch Petition sent to King George III

July 5, 1775

United States Declaration of Independence

1776

United States Declaration of Independence adopted by the Continental Congress in Philadelphia

Declaration of Independence

July 2, 1776

The Second Continental Congress enacts (July 2) a resolution declaring independence from the British Empire, and then approves (July 4) the written Declaration of Independence

Nathan Hale

September 22, 1776

Nathan Hale captured and executed for espionage.

Two Battles of Saratoga

September 19, 1777

Two Battles of Saratoga conclude with the surrender of the British army under General Burgoyne.

Two Battles of Saratoga

October 7, 1777

Two Battles of Saratoga (September 19 and October 7) conclude with the surrender of the British army under General Burgoyne.

Articles of Confederation

November 15, 1777

Articles of Confederation adopted by the Second Continental Congress.

Siege of Charleston

April 8, 1780 - May 12, 1780

British Army troops under General Henry Clinton and naval forces under Admiral Mariot Arbuthnot besiege Charleston, South Carolina. British ships sail past Fort Moultrie on Sullivan's Island to occupy Charleston Harbor. The city falls on May 12.

The British House of Commons vote

February 27, 1782

The British House of Commons votes against further war, informally recognizing American independence.

The Treaty of Paris

September 3, 1783

The Treaty of Paris ends the American Revolutionary War.

The British evacuate New York

November 25, 1783

The British evacuate New York, marking the end of British rule, and General George Washington triumphantly returns with the Continental Army.

Shays Rebellion

August 29, 1786 - February 4, 1787

Constitutional Convention

May 25, 1787 - September 17, 1787

United States Presidential Election

December 15, 1788 - January 10, 1789