Untitled timeline

Main

Celluloid

1889

U.S Minister Hannibal Goodwin develops the transparent flexible film that enables motion pictures to be created

Kinetoscope Parlors

1894

Thomas Edison's team opens the first such parlor of coin-operated machines in NY

Film Screening in Paris

1895

the Lumiere brothers show short films in a Parisian cafe

The Vitascope

1896

Edison's vitascope invention of 1896 popularizes large-screen film projection in the US

Nickelodeons

1907

storefront movie theaters with a five cent admission price begin to flourish in the US

Movie Palaces

1914

the first of a national trend of opulent movie palaces opens in NY.

Movie Studio System

1920 - 1929

Movie studio system gains control of the production,distribution, and exhibition of movies in 1920s

Big Five and Little Three

1926 - 1929

In late 1920s, the big 5 (Paramount, MGM, Warner Brothers, Twentieth Century Fox, RKO) little 3 ( Columbia, Universal, and United Artists) form a powerful oligopoly

Sound Comes to Movies

1927

The "Jazz Singer" and "The SInging Fool" both starring Al Jolson, bring sound to the screen

The Hollywood Ten

1947

the House Un-American Activities Committee investigate ten unwilling witnesses on ground of allegedly having communist sympathies.

Paramount Decison

1948

Supreme Court forces studios t divest themselves of their theaters to end the vertical integration of the industry.

Ratings System

1967

the MPAAA introduces a system to rate movies for age appropriateness

Video Transforms the Industry

1977

VHS- format videocassette recorders hit the consumer market, creating a movie rental and purchase industry

Rise of the Indies

1990 - 1999

Independent films, particularly those that screen at the Sun-Dance Film Festival become an important source for identifying new talent in the 1990s

Megaplex Mania

1995

building wave of giant movie complexes begins in mid 1990s

DVD's

1997

new digital movie format is quickly adaptable as a formate superior to VHS

Digital Film Production

2000

digital production and distribution format gains strength in Hollywood and with independents

Netflix

2008

Netflix eliminates any waiting time with streaming service, allows customers to instant access to thousands of films and TV shows

Avatar

2009

blockbuster becomes the all-time highest earning flm at the box office, propels 3-D into great popularity