History 2220 Timeline

I will be updating this periodically throughout the term.

Historical Periods

Pax Romana

27 BC - 180 AD

Crisis of the Third Century

235 AD - 284 AD

Notable events

Citizenship granted to all provincials in Roman Empire

212

Goths loot areas in the Balkans and Anatolia

250

Small Pox epidemic

250 - 266

Height of the small pox epidemic that hits the Roman Empire

Emperor Aurelian (r. 270-5) attempts monetary reform

274

Division of Empire into Western and Eastern Empires

293

Diocletian issues "Edict on Maximum Prices"

301

Diocletian issues his first "Edict against the Christians"

303

Approx 10% of Roman empire is Christian

304

Battle at Milvian Bridge

312

Constantine I has troops put a Christian insignia on their shields. They easily defeat their opposition.

ConstantineI issues "Edict of Milan"

313

Council of Nicea

325

St. Athanasius challenges Arianism

325

Martin of Tours elected bishop of Tours

371

Huns attack Black Sea region

376

Visigoths rebell against Valens

378

Theodosius declares Christianity official religion of Rome

391

Alans, Vandals & Sueves cross Rhine and invade Empire

406

Roman Army in Britain moves to Gaul, invaders move in

407

Visigoths take Rome (for a few days)

410

Attila & Huns invade Western Empire

440

Flavius Aetius asks Salian Franks to help fight Hunnic invasion

451

Last Western Roman Emperor overthrown

476

Romulus Augustulus overthrown by Odoacer, a barbarian who was supposedly leading Roman troops

Franks conquer Gaul

486

Ostrogothic king, Theodoric,seizes power over Italian peninsula

493

Roman Empire no longer an united front

500

c.500

St. Benedict founds a new monastery at Monte Cassino

525

time is approximate - sometime in the 520s

The Plague of Justinian

541 - 542

Merovingian Dynasty

550 - 751

c. 550 - c. 751

Jordanes writes The Origins and Deeds of the Goths

551

c. 551

Visigothic king (Reccared) in Spain converts from Arianism to Catholicism

587

King Ethelbert of Kent converts to Christianity

597

Visigothic king (Sisebut) in Spain orders Jews to convert to Christianity

613

Synod of Whitby

663

Muslims conquer Spain

711

Spain held by the Muslims until the mid thirteenth century

Carolingian Dynasty

751 - 987

c. 751

Leo III accused of crimes and kidnapped

799

Charlemagne crowned Holy Roman Emperor

December 25, 800

Cluny founded

910

Death of last Carolingian king in East Francia

911

Death of last Carolingian king in West Francia

987

Boccaccio writes the Decameron

1050 - 1052

Boccaccio writes the Decameron

1050 - 1052

HRE Henry IV (rule)

1056 - 1106

Gregory VII issues the Dictatus Papae

1075

Investiture Controversy

1075 - 1122

ends with the Concordat of Worms in 1122

HRE Henry IV stands in snow for 3 days begging forgiveness from Gregory VII

1077

Gregory asks that all German emperors swear fealty to the Church

1078

First Crusade

1096 - 1099

Armies of the 1st Crusade capture Jerusalem

1099

Second Crusade

1147 - 1149

Ibn Al-Athir

1160 - 1233

Muslims retake Jerusalem

1187

Third Crusade

1189 - 1192

Fourth Crusade

1202 - 1204

Phillip II of France takes Normandy from John I of England

1204

St. Dominic founds the Dominican Order

1206

Albigensian Crusade

1209 - 1229

Crusade against the Cathars in Europe

Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa

1212

Lateran IV

1215

Magna Carta

1215

Gregory IX sends out investigators to seek out and prosecute herertics

1231

"Babylonian Captivity" - Catholic Church in Avignon

1305 - 1378

The Great Famine

1315 - 1317

100 Years War

1337 - 1453

Between France and Britain

Two of the three major banking families in Italy go bankrupt

1345

The Peruzzi and the Bardi Families

The Black Death (Great Plague)

1348 - 1350

Boccaccio writes the Decameron

1350 - 1352

Great Schism

1378 - 1417

Manuel Chrysoloras starts teaching Greek language courses in Florence

1397

Pier Paolo Vergerio publishes De ingenuis moribus

1404

Poggio Bracciolini completes inventories of most monastic libraries in SW Europe

1426

Treaty of Lodi

1454

Pazzi Conspiracy

1478

Machiavelli tortured and exiled from Florence

1513

Sack of Rome

1527

Baldasare Castiglione writes The Book of the Courtier

1528

Cosimo I is granted the title of Duke of Florence

1537

Giovanni della Casa writes Galateo

1558

Quintilian writes Institutio oratoria

94

Notable People - Secular: Roman Empire

Emperor Diocletian (reign)

285 - 305

Emperor Constantine I (reign)

305 - 337

Emperor Valens (reign)

364 - 378

Emperor Theodosius (reign)

379 - 395

Boethius

480 - 524

Cassiodorus

490 - 583

Lothair (rule)

840 - 855

Frankish King
Holy Roman Emperor (817-855)

HRE Henry III (rule)

1039 - 1056

HRE Henry V (rule)

1106 - 1125

Notable People - Secular: England

King Ethelbert of Kent

560 - 616

Bretwalda in Britain (r. 558-616)

Edward the Confessor (rule)

1043 - 1066

King of England

William the Conqueror

1066 - 1087

King of England

William II (rule)

1087 - 1100

King of England

Henry I (rule)

1100 - 1135

King of England

Stephan of Blois (rule)

1135 - 1154

King of England

Henry II (rule)

1154 - 1189

King of England

Matilda (daughter of Henry I) dies

1167

Richard I (Richard the Lionheart) (rule)

1189 - 1199

King of England

John I (rule)

1199 - 1216

King of England

Henry III (rule)

1216 - 1272

King of England

Notable People Secular: France

Bertran de Born

1140 - 1215

dates are approximate

King Chalres VIII of France (rule)

1483 - 1489

Catherine de'Medici

1519 - 1589

From Florentine Medici family, Married to King Henry II of France.

Marie de’Medici

1575 - 1642

From Florentine Medici family, Married to King Henry IV of France

Notable People Secular: Spain

Alfonso VIII

1155 - 1214

King of Castile (Spain)

James I the Conqueror (rule)

1213 - 1276

King of Aragon (Spain)

Alfonso X (rule)

1252 - 1284

King of Castile (Spain

Notable People Secular: Italy

Francesco Petrarch

1304 - 1374

Giovanni Boccaccio

1313 - 1375

Coluccio Salutati

1330 - 1406

Giangaleazzo Visconti

1351 - 1402

Gregorio Dati born

1362

Niccolo de Niccoli

1363 - 1435

Pier Paolo Vergerio

1370 - 1444

Leonaro Bruni

1374 - 1444

Vittorino da Feltre

1378 - 1446

Poggio Bracciolini

1380 - 1459

Cosimo de'Medici (The Elder)

1389 - 1464

Marsilio Ficino

1433 - 1499

Frederico da Montefeltro, Duke of Urbino (rule)

1444 - 1482

Lorenzo de’Medici (Il Magnifico)

1449 - 1492

Girolamo Savonarola

1452 - 1498

Giovanni Pico della Mirandola

1463 - 1494

Niccolo Machiavelli

1469 - 1527

Piero de Medici (The Unfortunate)

1471 - 1503

Guidobaldo da Montefeltro, Duke of Urbino (rule)

1482 - 1508

Benvenuto Cellini

1500 - 1571

Cosimo I

1519 - 1574

Medici Family

Notable People Secular - Germany

Gottfried von Strassburg writes Tristan (approximate date)

1180 - 1210

Desiderius Erasmus

1446 - 1536

Notable People Secular: Europe in General

Plato

428 BC - 348 BC

Attila the Hun

395 - 453

Begins his reign in 434

Childeric I (reign)

457 - 481

Founder of the Merovingian Dynasty (a union of Frankish tribes)
Father of Clovis

Clovis I (reign)

481 - 511

King of the Franks
Reign begins in 481

Charles Martel

688 - 741

Frankish ruler (not an actual king)

Pepin III (rule)

751 - 768

aka Pepin the Short
Frankish King

Charlemagne (rule)

768 - 814

Frankish king

Loius the Pious (rule)

814 - 840

Frankish King

Louis the German (rule)

840 - 876

son of Louis the Pious
Frankish king

Charles the Bald (rule)

840 - 877

Frankish king
Holy Roman Emperor (875-877)

Hugh Capet (rule)

987 - 996

First King of the Capetian Dynasty (Frankish)

Robert II (rule)

996 - 1031

King Robert II (ruled 996-1031) (Frankish king)

King Philip II (Philip Augustus) (rule)

1180 - 1229

Frankish King

Notable People Secular: Middle East

Ibn Sina (Avicenna)

980 - 1037

Notable People - Religous

Jesus Christ (2 -7 BCE to 30–36CE)

7 BC - 30 AD

St. Perpetua

181 - 203

b. c. 181

St. Anthony

251 - 356

Martin of Tours

316 - 397

St Ambrose

339 - 397

Church Father
b. c. 339

St. Jerome

340 - 420

Church Father
b. C. 340

St. Augustine

354 - 430

Church Father

St. Benedict

480 - 547

aka Benedict of Nursia

Pope Gregory I (St. Gregory, Gregory the Great)

540 - 604

Church Father
b. c. 540

Boniface (death)

754

Bishop who worked with Charles Martel to create a connection between the Franks and the pope in Rome

St. Anselm of Bec

1033 - 1109

Edward the Confessor (rule)

1043 - 1066

England

Pope Leo IX (rule)

1048 - 1056

Pope

Pope Gregory VII (rule)

1073 - 1085

Pope

Guibert of Poitiers

1075 - 1142

Peter Abelard

1079 - 1142

Pope Urban II (rule)

1088 - 1099

Pope

Bernard of Clairvaux

1090 - 1153

Hildegard of Bingen

1098 - 1179

Peter Lombard

1100 - 1160

Heloise

1100 - 1163

Pope Calixtus II (rule)

1119 - 1124

AVERROËS

1126 - 1198

Moses Ben Maimon (Maimonides)

1135 - 1204

Domingo de Guzman (St. Dominic)

1170 - 1221

Francis of Assisi (St. Francis)

1182 - 1226

Pope Innocent III (rule)

1198 - 1215

Pope Gregory IX (rule)

1227 - 1241

Pope Martin V (rule)

1417 - 1431

Pope Alexander VI (rule)

1492 - 1503

Pope Clement VII (rule)

1523 - 1534