Massachusetts Institute of Technology developed the first transistored computer
Sputnik launched by the former Soviet Union
The United States formed the Advanced Research Projects Agency to compete with the world in science and technology.
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) was formed following the passing of the National Aeronautics and Space Act.
1604 computer display introduced
Control Data Corporation delivered the air traffic control display computer, model 1604, to track airplanes.
First automatic mass-produced transistors
IBM began producing transistors at a facility in New York.
Teletype Model 33 introduced
For the first time input and output for microcomputers is done through a keyboard rather than punch cards.
BASIC computer language invented
John Kemeny and Thomas Kurtz of Dartmouth College developed the programming language.
First floppy disk
IBM charged a development team with developing a cheaper way to install an operating system on a mainframe computer. The disks became available commercially in 1971.
Intel Corporation is founded
Bob Noyce and Gordon Moore founded the company with the help of Arthur Rock.
ARPANET sends messages between computers
The Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET), a department of defense project sends packets of information to other computers on the network making an early Internet.
Palo Alto Research Center (PARC) opened by Xerox
The idea behind the company's development was to create the office of the future by integrating digital technologies and removing analog.
Intel introduces the microprocessor
Called the Intel 4004, it was originally meant for calculators, but was found to have many more uses.
Bill Gates and Paul Allen founded Traf-O-Data
Gates and Allen founded the company to make a microprocessor that would record foot traffic using computers.
Ethernet connectivity is invented
Robert Metcalfe used Local Area Network (LAN) to connect hundreds of computers.
Apple Computer releases Applesoft
This version of BASIC used floating-point capabilities allowing for scientific notation within the programming language. This allows computers to conduct greater amounts of mathematical operations at a higher speed.
Handheld computers are unveiled
The first handheld computers (HHC) were made to accept third party software adding to the versatility of the device. Insurance salesmen used an insurance application that was developed for the HHC that allowed them to make calculations and print receipts wherever they went.
IBM unveils the first personal computer, Datamaster, its cost, $9,000.
Adobe Systems founded
Jack Warnock and Chuck Geschke founded Adobe Systems after leaving Xerox PARC
ATM and telephone banking introduced
These two technologies represent the start of e-commerce.
X Window System created
Massachusetts Institute of Technology developed the X Window System to allow for "vendor-neutral, system-architecture neutral, network-transparent windowing and user interface standards."
Windows 3.0 released
Microsoft releases a new version of Windows that when paired with Intel microprocessor machines revolutionize the speed of personal computing.
Internet goes commercial
Tim Berners-Lee wrote the first web browser entitled The WorldWideWeb, he is responsible for developing HyperText Markup Language or HTML.
PCI introduced by Intel
PCI (Peripheral Component Interconnect) was a way to connect a machine's microprocessor with peripherals through expansion slots that allowed for a faster computer.
E-commerce moves online
With the Internet made commercially available, businesses start websites and sell goods and services online.
Popular websites are launched
Amazon, Yahoo!, eBay, and MSN are all online in 1995.
Windows 95 released
Microsoft finally releases a user friendly interface with Windows 95.
Internet Explorer 3.0 released
IE3 came with cascading style sheets and Java applets offering better graphics for the user.
Apple introduced the G3 processor
The Apple G3 processor increased speeds of Macs by 10%.
300 million users on the Internet
Official launch of Google
Two Stanford graduate students, Larry Page and Sergey Brin, moved the Google server from Stanford to a friend's garage after receiving a check to form the company from Sun Microsystems.
"Dot-com" bubble bursts
2000 - 2001
The Initital Public Offering (IPO) of many start-up companies with a dot-com associated with the name was staggering. Market shares for these companies were stellar until the market crashed and stock prices dropped suddenly. Many companies did not survive the crash.
Internet marketing is widespread
Wikipedia.org is established
Jimmy Wales and Larry Sanger started Wikipedia as an open source encyclopedia that anyone can add and edit as an extension of Nupedia, an online encyclopedia edited by experts.
640 million users on the Internet
Paypal.com is started
The IPO of Paypal was offered as a way of allowing an exchange of currency between users despite borders. The success of the company relied on advertising among eBay users.
Over one billion users on the Internet
Facebook has over 400 million users
At the end of 2004 Facebook had 1 million users and in June 2012 Facebook had 955 million users.
71% of people in developed countries are online
Only 21% of people in developing countries have access to the Internet.
PIPA and SOPA do not pass in the U.S. Congress
These two bills would make the host of any copyright infringed material responsible for lawsuits.