History of the Internet

Main

Commercial Production of Transistors

05/10/1954

Announced by Texas Instruments

Transistorized eXperimental computer zero TX-O

07/31/55

Massachusetts Institute of Technology developed the first transistored computer

Sputnik launched by the former Soviet Union

10/4/57

The United States formed the Advanced Research Projects Agency to compete with the world in science and technology.

NASA created

10/01/58

National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) was formed following the passing of the National Aeronautics and Space Act.

1604 computer display introduced

10/16/59

Control Data Corporation delivered the air traffic control display computer, model 1604, to track airplanes.

First automatic mass-produced transistors

1960

IBM began producing transistors at a facility in New York.

Teletype Model 33 introduced

1962

For the first time input and output for microcomputers is done through a keyboard rather than punch cards.

BASIC computer language invented

1964

John Kemeny and Thomas Kurtz of Dartmouth College developed the programming language.

First floppy disk

1967

IBM charged a development team with developing a cheaper way to install an operating system on a mainframe computer. The disks became available commercially in 1971.

Intel Corporation is founded

07/18/68

Bob Noyce and Gordon Moore founded the company with the help of Arthur Rock.

ARPANET sends messages between computers

1969

The Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET), a department of defense project sends packets of information to other computers on the network making an early Internet.

Palo Alto Research Center (PARC) opened by Xerox

1970

The idea behind the company's development was to create the office of the future by integrating digital technologies and removing analog.

Intel introduces the microprocessor

1971

Called the Intel 4004, it was originally meant for calculators, but was found to have many more uses.

Bill Gates and Paul Allen founded Traf-O-Data

1972

Gates and Allen founded the company to make a microprocessor that would record foot traffic using computers.

Ethernet connectivity is invented

1973

Robert Metcalfe used Local Area Network (LAN) to connect hundreds of computers.

Apple Computer releases Applesoft

1977

This version of BASIC used floating-point capabilities allowing for scientific notation within the programming language. This allows computers to conduct greater amounts of mathematical operations at a higher speed.

Handheld computers are unveiled

1980

The first handheld computers (HHC) were made to accept third party software adding to the versatility of the device. Insurance salesmen used an insurance application that was developed for the HHC that allowed them to make calculations and print receipts wherever they went.

Datamaster introduced

1981

IBM unveils the first personal computer, Datamaster, its cost, $9,000.

Adobe Systems founded

1982

Jack Warnock and Chuck Geschke founded Adobe Systems after leaving Xerox PARC

ATM and telephone banking introduced

1982

These two technologies represent the start of e-commerce.

X Window System created

1984

Massachusetts Institute of Technology developed the X Window System to allow for "vendor-neutral, system-architecture neutral, network-transparent windowing and user interface standards."

Windows 3.0 released

5/22/90

Microsoft releases a new version of Windows that when paired with Intel microprocessor machines revolutionize the speed of personal computing.

Internet goes commercial

12/25/90

Tim Berners-Lee wrote the first web browser entitled The WorldWideWeb, he is responsible for developing HyperText Markup Language or HTML.

PCI introduced by Intel

1991

PCI (Peripheral Component Interconnect) was a way to connect a machine's microprocessor with peripherals through expansion slots that allowed for a faster computer.

E-commerce moves online

1994

With the Internet made commercially available, businesses start websites and sell goods and services online.

Popular websites are launched

1995

Amazon, Yahoo!, eBay, and MSN are all online in 1995.

Windows 95 released

08/24/95

Microsoft finally releases a user friendly interface with Windows 95.

Internet Explorer 3.0 released

8/13/96

IE3 came with cascading style sheets and Java applets offering better graphics for the user.

Apple introduced the G3 processor

11/97

The Apple G3 processor increased speeds of Macs by 10%.

300 million users on the Internet

1998

Official launch of Google

09/98

Two Stanford graduate students, Larry Page and Sergey Brin, moved the Google server from Stanford to a friend's garage after receiving a check to form the company from Sun Microsystems.

"Dot-com" bubble bursts

2000 - 2001

The Initital Public Offering (IPO) of many start-up companies with a dot-com associated with the name was staggering. Market shares for these companies were stellar until the market crashed and stock prices dropped suddenly. Many companies did not survive the crash.

Internet marketing is widespread

2001

Wikipedia.org is established

01/15/01

Jimmy Wales and Larry Sanger started Wikipedia as an open source encyclopedia that anyone can add and edit as an extension of Nupedia, an online encyclopedia edited by experts.

640 million users on the Internet

2002

Paypal.com is started

02/02

The IPO of Paypal was offered as a way of allowing an exchange of currency between users despite borders. The success of the company relied on advertising among eBay users.

Over one billion users on the Internet

2007

Facebook has over 400 million users

2010

At the end of 2004 Facebook had 1 million users and in June 2012 Facebook had 955 million users.

71% of people in developed countries are online

2011

Only 21% of people in developing countries have access to the Internet.

PIPA and SOPA do not pass in the U.S. Congress

2012

These two bills would make the host of any copyright infringed material responsible for lawsuits.