World History Timeline

Mongols

Temujin Sought to Unify Mongols

1200 - 1206

In 1200, a Mongol clan leader Temujin sought to unify the Mongols under his leadership. He fought and defeated his rivals one by one.

Temujin Accepts New Title

1206 - 1211

In 1206, Temujin accepted the title Genghis Khan, or “universal ruler” of the Mongol clans.

Invaded Northern Jin Empire

1211 - 1225

Genghis Khan invaded the Northern Jin Empire in 1211.

Central Asia in Mongol Control

1225 - 1227

By 1225, Central Asia was in Mongol control.

Genghis Khan Dies

1227

Genghis Khan dies in 1227 from illness

Kublai Khan Assumes Title "Great Khan"

1260

Kublai Khan is Genghis Khan' s grandson, and he assumes the title "Great Khan" in 1260

Marco Polo Arrives at Kublai Khan' Court

1275

Marco Polo traveled by caravan on the Silk Roads with his father and uncle, arriving at Kublai Khan’s court around 1275.

Great Khan Sends Huge Fleets to Japan

1281

in 1281, the Great Khan sent huge fleets against Japan.

Kublai Khan Dies

1294

Kublai Khan died in 1294. After his death, the Yuan Dynasty began to fade.

India

Mauryan Empire Began

321 BC - 303 BC

Chandragupta' claimed the throne by overthrowing the unpopular Nanda King.

Mauryan Empire

303 BC - 301 BC

By 303 B.C., the Mauryan Empire stretched more than 2,000

Chandragupta's Son Took Throne

301 BC

In 301 B.C., Chandragupta’s son assumed the throne. He ruled for 32 years.

Asoka Becomes King

269 BC

Asoka Dies

232 BC

Noble as his policies of toleration and nonviolence were, they failed to hold the empire together after Asoka died in 232 B.C.

Invaders come to India

185 BC - 320

For 500 years, beginning about
185 B.C., wave after wave of Greeks,
Persians, and Central Asians poured into
northern India.

Chandra Gupta becomes King

320

After his marriage, Chandra Gupta I took the title “Great King of Kings” in A.D. 320.

Samudra Gupta Becomes King

335

In AD 335, Chandra Gupta's son Samudra Gupta becomes king.

Chandra Gupta II

375 - 415

Chandra Gupta strengthened the empire through peaceful means.

End of Chandra Gupta II's Rule

415

In 415 AD, Chandra Gupta II's reign ended.

Gupta Empire Ends

535

Over the next 100 years, the Gupta Empire broke into small king- doms. Many were overrun by the Hunas or other Central Asian nomads. The Empire ended about 535.

Timur the Lame Destroyed Delhi

1398

In 1398, Timur the Lame destroyed the city of Delhi.

Babur Inherits a Kingdom

1494 - 1526

Babur Leads His Troops

1526

In 1526, he led 12,000 troops to

Akbar's Rule

1556 - 1605

Babur’s grandson was called Akbar, which means “Great.” Akbar cer- tainly lived up to his name, ruling India with wisdom and tolerance from 1556 to 1605.

Mumtaz Mahal Dies

1631

In 1631, Mumtaz Mahal died at age 39 while giving birth to her 14th child.

Shah Jahan's Death

1657

When Shah Jahan became ill in 1657, his four sons scrambled for the throne.

Aurangzeb's Rule

1658 - 1707

Renaissance

Decameron

1348

A series of realistic, sometimes off-color stories. The stories are supposedly told by a group of worldly young people waiting in a rural villa to avoid the plague sweeping through Florence:

Cosimo de Medici is Dictator of Florence

1434 - 1464

In 1434, he won control of Florence’s government. He did not seek political office for himself, but influenced members of the ruling council by giving them loans. For 30 years, he was dictator of Florence.
Cosimo de Medici died in 1464, but his family continued to control Florence.

Leonardo da Vinci

1452 - 1519

Leonardo da Vinci’s notebooks—and life—are mysterious. Some 3,500 pages closely covered with writings and drawings survive. His-writing is clear and easy to read, but only if you look at it in a mirror. No oneknows why he wrote backwards.
Leonardo planned scholarly works and great feats of-engineering that were never completed. Only 17 of his paintings survive. And yet the-work that Leonardo did produce is so amazing that it confirms his genius.

Hundred Years' War

1453

When the destructive Hundred Years’ War between France and England ended in 1453, many cities grew rapidly.

Turks Conquer Constantinople

1453

Christian scholars in Constantinople fled to Rome with Greek manuscripts when the Turks conquered Constantinople in 1453.

Donatello's Statue

1460

It was the first European sculpture of a free standing man since ancient times.

Lorenzo de Medici Comes to Power

1469

Cosimo de Medici died in 1464, but his family continued to control Florence. His grandson, Lorenzo de Medici, came to power in 1469. Known as Lorenzo the Magnificent, he ruled as a dictator yet kept up the appearance of having an elected government.

Michelangelo Buanarroti

1475 - 1564

Michelangelo was a Renaissance man.
He excelled as a painter, sculptor, architect, and poet.
Michelangelo is most famous for the way he portrayed the human body in painting and sculpture. Influenced by classical art, he created figures that are forceful and show heroic grandeur.
Among his achievements are the dome of St. Peter’s, the paintings on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel, and the statue of David.

Vittona Colonna

1492 - 1547

Vittoria Colonna exchanged sonnets with Michelangelo and helped Castiglione publish The Courtier. Her own poems express personal emotions.

David is Sculpted

1501 - 1504

Influenced by classical statues, Michelangelo sculpted David from 1501 to 1504. Michelangelo portrayed the biblical hero in the moments just before battle.

Mona Lisa

1504 - 1506

the Mona Lisa is thought to be a portrait of Lisa Gherardini, who, at 16, married Francesco del Giocondo, a wealthy merchant of Florence who commissioned the portrait

"The Prince"

1513

The Prince examines the imperfect conduct of human beings by

Baldassare Castiglione Writes "The Courtier"

1528

In 1528 Baldassare Castiglione wrote a book demonstrating now to be a "Renaissance Man".