Art History

Main

Ancient Egypt

Old Kingdom

2868 BC - 2181 BC

Middle Kingdom

2055 BC - 1650 BC

New Kingdom

1550 BC - 1069 BC

Hatshepsut

Amarna Period

1353 BC - 1336 BC

Akenhaten, deviation from traditional religion and art

Ptolemaic

332 BC - 30 BC

Under Persian rule, Alexander the Great

Rome and Byzantine Egypt

30 BCE - 641

Islamic Egypt

642

Ancient Near East

Sumerian

3000 BC - 2371 BC

first wheel, first writing system, urban

Akkadian

2371 BC - 2200 BC

NW Babylonia

Babylonians

1792 BC - 1198 BC

Hammurabi

Assyrians

1198 BC - 612 BC

eventually ruled all of Mesopotamia

Neo-Babylonians

604 BC - 562 BC

Nebuchadnezzar II, conquered by the Persians

Ancient Southern Europe

Cyclades (Aegean)

3200 BC - 1050 BC

islands in the Mediterranean

Minoa (Aegaen)

3000 BC - 1375 BC

best known for palaces and their frescoes

Mycenaen (Aegaen)

2100 BC - 1100 BC

Greek's Dark Ages

1100 BC - 900 BC

Greek Archaic Period

750 BC - 480 BC

influence from Mesopotamia and Egypt, and more naturalism

Etruscan

540 BC - 351 BC

Republican Rome

509 BC - 27 BC

collapsed when Caesar was appointed dictator

Greek Classical Period

480 BC - 323 BC

Age of Perikles, golden age of Athens, first democracy, realism, idealism

Hellenistic Period

334 BC - 30 BC

merging Persian and Greek art, more emotion, less idealized

Roman Empire

27 BCE - 1453

years of civil war, Pax Romana, flourishing trade, wealth, and commerce, Constantine

Constantine Reunites E & W Halves

324

capital moves to Byzantium (named Constantinople), sides split and Eastern half survived as Byzantine Empire

Medieval Era

Byzantine Empire

330 - 1453

founded when Constantine moved the capital, iconoclasm, fell to the Ottomans

Early Medieval Art

500 - 1000

blending of Roman and native styles, monasteries, illuminated manuscripts, few surviving secular works
Hiberno-Saxon / Carolingian / Ottonian

Romanesque

1000 - 1300

large churches, prosperity, first large sculptures since antiquity, mix of antique Roman style with insular style and Byzantine style