World history timeline

Mongol

Temujin

1200

A Mongol clan leader named Temujin sought to unify the Mongols under his leadership.

Genghis Khan

1206

Temujin accepted the title Genghis Khan, or “universal ruler” of the Mongol clans.

Jin Empire invaded

1211

Genghis invaded the northern Jin Empire.

Mongol Control

1225

Central Asia was under Mongol control.

Khan died

1227

Genghis Khan died—not from violence, but from illness.

Division of Empire

1260

The Mongols had divided their huge empire into four regions, or khanates.

Marco Polo

1275

Marco Polo traveled by caravan on the Silk Roads with his father and uncle, arriving at Kublai Khan’s court.

Japan

1281

The Great Khan sent huge fleets against Japan.

Kublai

1294

Kublai Khan died.

India

Chandragupta

321 B.C

Chandragupta gathered an army, killed the unpopular Nanda king, and claimed the throne

Mauryan Empire

303 B.C

Mauryan Empire stretched more than 2,000, uniting north India politically for the first time

Chandragupta’s son

301 B.C

Chandragupta’s son assumed the throne

Asoka

261 B.C

Asoka dies

232 B.C

Asoka died

The wave

185 B.C

Wave after wave of Greeks,
Persians, and Central Asians poured into
northern India. These invaders disrupted
Indian society. But they also introduced
new languages and customs that added to the already-rich blend of Indian culture.

Gupta

320 AD

Chandra Gupta I took the title “Great King of Kings”

Samudra

335 AD

Chandra

375 AD - 415 AD

Chandra Gupta II rules

The Mauryan end

535 AD

The Mauryan Empire ended about 535.

Timur

1398

Timor the lame destroyed Delhi

Babur

1494

Babur army

1526

he led 12,000 troops to

Akbar

1556 - 1605

Akbar ruled India with wisdom and tolerance

Murntaz

1631

Mumtaz Mahal died at age 39 while giving birth to her 14th child

Shah

1657

When Shah Jahan became ill in 1657, his four sons scrambled for the throne

Aurangzeb

1658 - 1707

Europe

Laura

1348

Laura died of the plague

Cosimo de Medici

1434 - 1464

Cosimo de Medici was the wealthiest European of his time. In 1434, he won control of Florence’s government. He did not seek political office for himself, but influenced members of the ruling council by giving them loans. For 30 years, he was dictator of Florence. Cosimo de Medici died in 1464

Johann Gutenberg

1440

Johann Gutenberg, a craftsman from Mainz, Germany, devel- oped a printing press that incorporated a number of technologies in a new way.

Leonardo da Vinci

1452 - 1519

His life

Turks

1453

Turks conquered Constantinople

War ended

1453

When the destructive Hundred Years’ War between France and England ended

Donatello

1460 - 1469

Donatello’s statue was created

Lorenzo de Medici

1469

Lorenzo de Medici, came to power

Vittoria Colonna

1492 - 1547

Vittoria Colonna (1492–1547) was born of a noble family.

French king

1494

French king claimed the throne of Naples in southern Italy and launched an invasion through northern Italy

The Praise of Folly.

1509

Erasmus wrote his most famous work, The Praise of Folly.

The Prince

1513

The Prince (1513) by Niccolò Machiavelli

Thomas More

1516

Thomas More wrote the book Utopia

The Courtier

1528

Baldassare Castiglione

Flemish paintings

1550

Elizabeth

1558 - 1603

Elizabeth reigned

Shakespeare

1592

Shakespeare was living in London and writing poems and plays, and soon he would be performing at the Globe Theater.