A Mongol clan leader named Temujin sought to unify the Mongols under his leadership.
Temujin accepted the title Genghis Khan, or “universal ruler” of the Mongol clans.
Genghis invaded the northern Jin Empire.
Central Asia was under Mongol control.
Genghis Khan died—not from violence, but from illness.
The Mongols had divided their huge empire into four regions, or khanates.
Marco Polo traveled by caravan on the Silk Roads with his father and uncle, arriving at Kublai Khan’s court.
The Great Khan sent huge fleets against Japan.
Kublai Khan died.
Chandragupta gathered an army, killed the unpopular Nanda king, and claimed the throne
Mauryan Empire stretched more than 2,000, uniting north India politically for the first time
Chandragupta’s son assumed the throne
Wave after wave of Greeks,
Persians, and Central Asians poured into
northern India. These invaders disrupted
Indian society. But they also introduced
new languages and customs that added to the already-rich blend of Indian culture.
Chandra Gupta I took the title “Great King of Kings”
Chandra Gupta II rules
The Mauryan Empire ended about 535.
Timor the lame destroyed Delhi
he led 12,000 troops to
Akbar ruled India with wisdom and tolerance
Mumtaz Mahal died at age 39 while giving birth to her 14th child
When Shah Jahan became ill in 1657, his four sons scrambled for the throne
Laura died of the plague
Cosimo de Medici was the wealthiest European of his time. In 1434, he won control of Florence’s government. He did not seek political office for himself, but influenced members of the ruling council by giving them loans. For 30 years, he was dictator of Florence. Cosimo de Medici died in 1464
Johann Gutenberg, a craftsman from Mainz, Germany, devel- oped a printing press that incorporated a number of technologies in a new way.
Turks conquered Constantinople
When the destructive Hundred Years’ War between France and England ended
Donatello’s statue was created
Lorenzo de Medici, came to power
Vittoria Colonna (1492–1547) was born of a noble family.
French king claimed the throne of Naples in southern Italy and launched an invasion through northern Italy
Erasmus wrote his most famous work, The Praise of Folly.
The Prince (1513) by Niccolò Machiavelli
Thomas More wrote the book Utopia
Shakespeare was living in London and writing poems and plays, and soon he would be performing at the Globe Theater.