Temujin was a Mongol clan leader who came to power and fought each rival one by one, accepting the title of "Genghis Khan" or "universal ruler"
Temujin invaded the northern Jin Empire
Genghis Khan, or Temujin, had the Mongols destroy one city after another and by 1225 had captured all of Central Asia
Genghis Khan died, with the empire still expanding
The Mongols had officially divided their huge empire into four regions or Khanates
Was when Marco Polo first arrived at Kublai Khan's court and who went on many government missions.
Kublai Khan the ruler decided he wanted to overthrow Japan and sent huge ships, built by the Koreans, to attack them with. Though this attack was unsuccessful.
In 1294 Kublai Khan died and so did the Yuan Dynasty shortly after because nobody could keep it under control like Kublai Khan did.
The Mauryan and Gupta Indian Empire
Chandragupta gathered an army, killed the unpopular Nanda King, and claimed the thrown. This began the Mauryan Empire
By 303 B.C., the Mauryan Empire stretched more than 2000 miles, uniting north India politically for the first time
Chandragupta's son assumed throne, and ruled for 32 years.
Chandragupta's grandson took control of the throne and brought the Mauryan Empire to its greatest heights. He first started to follow Chandragupta's foot steps, but then switched and decided to rule the way a Buddha would.
Asoka died in 232 B.C. and the empire afterwards fell apart, because no one could run the empire after his death.
Wave after wave Greeks, Persians, and Central Asians poured into northern India
Chandra Gupta married the daughter of an influential royal family, and took the title "Great King of Kings", becoming the first emperor of the Gupta Empire.
Chandra Gupta's son Samudra Gupta becomes king.
Chandra Gupta II ruled. He strengthened his empire through peaceful means by negotiating diplomatic and marriage alliances.
The Hunas attacked and split the empire in many tiny kingdoms, and by 535 A.D. the empire comes to an end
In 1398, Timur the Lame destroyed Delhi. The city was devastated and ruined it is said that not even a bird moved in the city
An 11-year-old boy, Babur, inherited a kingdom in the area of nowadays Uzbekistan and Tajikstan, it was a tiny kingdom and his elders soon took it away from him.
Babur led 12,000 troops to victory against 100,000 commanded army led by a sultan of Delhi.
Akbar ruled the empire, he ruled India with much wisdom and tolerance.
In 1631 Mumtaz Mahal died at age 39 when giving birth to her 14th child, her husband wanted to enshrine his wife's memory, he ordered a tomb to be built. This was the Taj Mahal one of the most beautiful buildings in the world.
Shah Jahan became ill and his four sons scrambled for the throne, but Aurangzeb beat the rest and gained the throne.
Shah Jahan's third son Aurangzeb gained the throne by evil ways and ruled from this period. He caused much discrepancy in the empire, ending it.
Giovanni Bioccaccio wrote a series called the Decameron about realistic sometimes off-colored stories
Cosimo de Medici in 1434 he gained power of Florence and was the dictator of Florence for 30 years until he died in 1464
In 1440 he was a craftsman from Mainz, Germany who developed the printing press.
Leonardo da Vinci was born in 1452 and died in 1519. He lived a mysterious life and was one of the best artists to ever live, he also studied a bunch of other things and had 3,500 pages of work on nature and a bunch of stuff.
When the Turks conquered Constantinople, the Christian scholars from Constantinople fled to Rome with Greek manuscripts.
When the Hundred Years' War ended between the France and England many cities started to sprout up rapidly.
In the late 1460s he built the statue of David, a person from the bible.
In 1469, Cosimo de Medici's grandson, Lorenzo de Medici, came to power.
Michelangelo Buonarroti was born in 1475 and died in 1564, he was a Renaissance man who was amazing at being a painter, sculptor, architect, and poet.
Victoria Colonna was born in a noble family and was one the influential woman of that time period, who married Marquis of Pescara.
Albercht Dürer was a famous artist who traveled to Italy to study in 1494.
Michelangelo sculpted the statue of David after the biblical hero.
Leonardo da Vinci painted the Mona Lisa which is thought to be of Lisa Gherardini who married Francesco del Giocandi at age 16.
Erasmus wrote his most famous work The Praise of Folly, it was about fun at greedy merchants, heartsick lovers, quarrelsome scholars, and pompous priests.
The prince written by Niccolò Machiavelli examines the non-perfect conduct of human beings.
Thomas Moore tried to show a better model of society and wrote the Utopia in 1516 about the perfect world.
Baldassare Castiglione wrote a book called The Courtier in 1528 on how to be a certain, desired type of man.
In 1550 Flemish painting reached its peak after the work with Pieter Bruegel the Elder.
Queen Elizabeth I ruled from 1558 to 1603 before the period known as the Elizabethan Age
In 1592, William Shakespeare was living in London and writing poems and plays.