Megan's World History Timeline

Mongols

Temujin

1200 - 1206

Temujin was a Mongol clan leader who came to power and fought each rival one by one, accepting the title of "Genghis Khan" or "universal ruler"

Jin Empire

1211

Temujin invaded the northern Jin Empire

Central Asia

1225

Genghis Khan, or Temujin, had the Mongols destroy one city after another and by 1225 had captured all of Central Asia

Genghis Khan Death

1227

Genghis Khan died, with the empire still expanding

Khanates

1260

The Mongols had officially divided their huge empire into four regions or Khanates

Marco Polo

1275

Was when Marco Polo first arrived at Kublai Khan's court and who went on many government missions.

Japan

1281

Kublai Khan the ruler decided he wanted to overthrow Japan and sent huge ships, built by the Koreans, to attack them with. Though this attack was unsuccessful.

Kublai Khan Death

1294

In 1294 Kublai Khan died and so did the Yuan Dynasty shortly after because nobody could keep it under control like Kublai Khan did.

India

The Mauryan and Gupta Indian Empire

The Beginning of the Mauryan Empire

321 B.C.

Chandragupta gathered an army, killed the unpopular Nanda King, and claimed the thrown. This began the Mauryan Empire

Reuniting north India for the first time

303 B.C.

By 303 B.C., the Mauryan Empire stretched more than 2000 miles, uniting north India politically for the first time

Chandragupta's son

301 B.C.

Chandragupta's son assumed throne, and ruled for 32 years.

Asoka

269 B.C.

Chandragupta's grandson took control of the throne and brought the Mauryan Empire to its greatest heights. He first started to follow Chandragupta's foot steps, but then switched and decided to rule the way a Buddha would.

Death of Asoka

232 B.C.

Asoka died in 232 B.C. and the empire afterwards fell apart, because no one could run the empire after his death.

Multiple cultures poured into India.

185 B.C.

Wave after wave Greeks, Persians, and Central Asians poured into northern India

Chandra Gupta

320 A.D.

Chandra Gupta married the daughter of an influential royal family, and took the title "Great King of Kings", becoming the first emperor of the Gupta Empire.

Samudra Gupta

335 A.D.

Chandra Gupta's son Samudra Gupta becomes king.

Chandra Gupta II

375 A.D. - 415 A.D.

Chandra Gupta II ruled. He strengthened his empire through peaceful means by negotiating diplomatic and marriage alliances.

End of the Gupta Empire

535 A.D.

The Hunas attacked and split the empire in many tiny kingdoms, and by 535 A.D. the empire comes to an end

Timur the Lame destroyed Delhi

1398

In 1398, Timur the Lame destroyed Delhi. The city was devastated and ruined it is said that not even a bird moved in the city

Babur

1494

An 11-year-old boy, Babur, inherited a kingdom in the area of nowadays Uzbekistan and Tajikstan, it was a tiny kingdom and his elders soon took it away from him.

Babur Victory

1526

Babur led 12,000 troops to victory against 100,000 commanded army led by a sultan of Delhi.

Akbar

1556 - 1605

Akbar ruled the empire, he ruled India with much wisdom and tolerance.

Taj Mahal

1631

In 1631 Mumtaz Mahal died at age 39 when giving birth to her 14th child, her husband wanted to enshrine his wife's memory, he ordered a tomb to be built. This was the Taj Mahal one of the most beautiful buildings in the world.

The Sons Fight for the Throne

1657

Shah Jahan became ill and his four sons scrambled for the throne, but Aurangzeb beat the rest and gained the throne.

Aurangzeb

1658 - 1707

Shah Jahan's third son Aurangzeb gained the throne by evil ways and ruled from this period. He caused much discrepancy in the empire, ending it.

Europe

Decameron

1348

Giovanni Bioccaccio wrote a series called the Decameron about realistic sometimes off-colored stories

Cosimo de Medici

1434 - 1464

Cosimo de Medici in 1434 he gained power of Florence and was the dictator of Florence for 30 years until he died in 1464

Johann Gutenberg

1440

In 1440 he was a craftsman from Mainz, Germany who developed the printing press.

Leonardo da Vinci

1452 - 1519

Leonardo da Vinci was born in 1452 and died in 1519. He lived a mysterious life and was one of the best artists to ever live, he also studied a bunch of other things and had 3,500 pages of work on nature and a bunch of stuff.

Christian Scholars Fled to Rome

1453

When the Turks conquered Constantinople, the Christian scholars from Constantinople fled to Rome with Greek manuscripts.

Hundred Years' War ended

1453

When the Hundred Years' War ended between the France and England many cities started to sprout up rapidly.

Statue of David

1460

In the late 1460s he built the statue of David, a person from the bible.

Lorenzo de Medici

1469

In 1469, Cosimo de Medici's grandson, Lorenzo de Medici, came to power.

Michelangelo Buonarroti

1475 - 1564

Michelangelo Buonarroti was born in 1475 and died in 1564, he was a Renaissance man who was amazing at being a painter, sculptor, architect, and poet.

Vittoria Colonna

1492 - 1547

Victoria Colonna was born in a noble family and was one the influential woman of that time period, who married Marquis of Pescara.

Albercht Dürer

1494

Albercht Dürer was a famous artist who traveled to Italy to study in 1494.

Michelangelo sculpted David

1501 - 1504

Michelangelo sculpted the statue of David after the biblical hero.

The Mona Lisa

1504 - 1506

Leonardo da Vinci painted the Mona Lisa which is thought to be of Lisa Gherardini who married Francesco del Giocandi at age 16.

The Praise of Folly

1509

Erasmus wrote his most famous work The Praise of Folly, it was about fun at greedy merchants, heartsick lovers, quarrelsome scholars, and pompous priests.

The Prince

1513

The prince written by Niccolò Machiavelli examines the non-perfect conduct of human beings.

Utopia

1516

Thomas Moore tried to show a better model of society and wrote the Utopia in 1516 about the perfect world.

The Courtier

1528

Baldassare Castiglione wrote a book called The Courtier in 1528 on how to be a certain, desired type of man.

Flemish painting reached its peak

1550

In 1550 Flemish painting reached its peak after the work with Pieter Bruegel the Elder.

Queen Elizabeth I

1558 - 1603

Queen Elizabeth I ruled from 1558 to 1603 before the period known as the Elizabethan Age

William Shakespeare

1592

In 1592, William Shakespeare was living in London and writing poems and plays.