Mongol Timeline

Alex heppenstall


Temujin seeks to unify empire

1200 - 1206

He fought and defeated rivals one by one. Temujin was a clan leader of the Mongols

Temujin changes name


Temujin changes his name to Genghis Khan. This means "universal ruler" of the Mongols.

Genghis invades northern Jin Empire


In this invasion, his set goal was to invade China. Genghis's attention then turned to the Islamic region west of Mongolia

Mongols take control of Central Asia


After Mongol traders and ambassadors were killed, Genghis was angered. he set out a campaign of terror. city by city, they defeated and slaughtered much of Central Asia.

Genghis Khan dies


He died from illness, and not battle. His successors continued to expand the land and eventually controlled the most unified land in history; reaching from Poland to China

the Mongol empire is divided


the empire is now divided into 4 regions. A descendant of Genghis ruled each region (knatates)

Marco Polo arrives at Kublai Khan's court


after traveling on caravans on the silk road with his fatherland uncle, Marco Polo, a European trader, arrived at the court. over his travels, he had learned several asian languages

Kublai Khan sent fleets against Japan


After sending fleets in 1274, he sent another fleet. The Mongols had forced Korea to provide and sail the ships, which put a great cost. the second fleet carrid 150,000 warriors (Mongols, Chinese and Korean) and this is the largest fleet up to world war 11

Kublai Khan dies


After Kublai Khan's death, the Yuan dynasty began to fade. people in the family fought over control and power. in one 8 year period, four different rulers ruled


Chandragupta becomes king

321 BC

Chandragupta defeats the unpopular king Nanda by gathering an army. He then claims the throne

Mauryan Empire stretches 2,000 miles

303 BC

Chandragupta's son claims the throne

301 BC

Chandragupta's son took the throne and ruled for 32 years. His grandson, Asoka, took the throne after and brought the empire to its greatest heights.

Asoka becomes king

269 BC

He followed in Chandragupta’s footsteps, waging war to expand his empire. During a bloody war against the neighboring state of Kalinga, 100,000 soldiers were killed and even more civilians were killed.

Asoka dies

232 BC

Asoka's policies of nonviolence and toleration were strong but could not hold together the empire once he died.

Different cultures come to India

185 BC

for 500 years, Greeks, Persians, and central Asians came into India and influenced languages/ customs. It also interrupted society

Chandragupta takes new title


He takes the title "great king of kings". he achieved the king title by marrying the daughter of a powerful royal family

Samudra Gupta takes throne


The son of Chandragupta takes the throne. He loves the arts but also war. during 40 years of conquest, he expanded the region

Chandra Gupta 11 begins to rule


During this time, he strengthened the empire through peaceful ways. he created marriage alliances and diplomatic alliences

Chandra Gupta 11 stops ruling


Chandra Gupta 11 no longer rules the Gupta empire

The empire ends


The Hunas, who were related to the Huns invaded the Roman Empire. Then they overran the Gupta empire, which had divided into small kingdoms

Mughal Empire

Timur the Lame


Timur the Lame destroyed the city Delhi. The city was completely devastated.

An 11 year old boy inherited the kingdom


Babur inherited what is now Uzbekistan and Tajikistan. It was a tiny kingdom and his elder sons drove him south. Babur then built an army

12,000 troops were victorious


Babar led his army with 12,000 troops to 100,000


Laura died of the plague


a mysterious woman that

Cosimo de Medici's rule

1434 - 1464

He controlled Florence's government all the way up until he died.

Leonardo da Vinci

1452 - 1519

Leonardo da Vinci’s notebooks—and life—are mysterious. Some 3,500 pages closely covered with writings and drawings survive.

Constantinople is conquored


Christian scholars in Constantinople fled to Rome with Greek manu- scripts when the Turks conquered Constantinople in 1453.

Donatello’s statue was created


It was the first European sculpture of a large, free-standing nude since ancient times.

Lorenzo de Medici, came to power in 1469


he ruled as a dictator but kept the appearance as an elected governer

Michelangelo Buonarroti

1475 - 1564

Michelangelo was a Renaissance man.
He excelled as a painter, sculptor, architect, and poet

Vittoria Colonna

1492 - 1546

Born into a noble family

Page 428

1501 - 1506

Influenced by classical statues, Michelangelo sculpted David from 1501 to 1504. and The Mona Lisa (c. 1504–1506) is thought to be a portrait of Lisa Gherardini, who, at 16, married Francesco del Giocondo

The prince by Niccolò Machiavelli was written


this book examines the imperfect qualities of a human being

Baldassare Castiglione writes a book