Julia's Mongol timeline

The Mongol empire



1200 - 1206

Around 1200, a Mongol clan leader named Temujin sought to unify the Mongols under his leadership. He fought and defeated his rivals one by one.


1206 - 1207

In 1206, Temujin accepted the title Genghis Khan, or “universal ruler” of the Mongol clans.

Northern Jin Empire Attack

1211 - 1225

After invading the northern Jin Empire in 1211, however, his attention turned to the Islamic region west of Mongolia.

Under Mongol control

1225 - 1227

By 1225, Central Asia was under Mongol control.

Mongols 1227-1260

1227 - 1260

Genghis Khan died in 1227—not from violence, but from illness. His successors continued to expand his empire. In less than 50 years, the Mongols conquered ter- ritory from China to Poland. In so doing, they created the largest unified land empire in history.

Mongols 1260-1275

1260 - 1275

By 1260, the Mongols had divided their huge empire into four regions, or khanates.

Mongols 1274-1281

1274 - 1281

Failure to Conquer Japan After conquering China, Kublai Khan tried to extend his rule to Japan. In 1274 and again in 1281, the Great Khan sent huge fleets
Empires in East Asia

Mongols 1275-1281

1275 - 1281

The most famous European to visit China in these years was a young Venetian trader, Marco Polo. He traveled by caravan on the Silk Roads with his father and uncle, arriving at Kublai Khan’s court around 1275.

Mongols 1281-1292

1281 - 1292

In 1292, the Polos left China and made the long journey back to Venice.

Mongols 1292-1294

1292 - 1294

Kublai Khan died in 1294. After his death, the Yuan Dynasty began to fade. Family members continually argued over who would rule. In one eight-year period, four different khans took the throne.