1200 Mongol clan leader named Temujin sought to unify the Mongols under his leadership. In 1206, Temujin accepted the title Genghis Khan, or “universal ruler” of the Mongol clans.
After invading the northern Jin Empire in 1211, however, his attention turned to the Islamic region west of Mongolia.
By 1225, Central Asia was under Mongol control.
Genghis Khan died in 1227—not from violence, but from illness. His successors continued to expand his empire. In less than 50 years, the Mongols conquered ter- ritory from China to Poland. In so doing, they created the largest unified land empire in history.
However, in the 1250s the Mongols halted their westward campaign and turned their attention to Persia. By 1260, the Mongols had divided their huge empire into four regions, or khanates.
Kublai Khan, the grandson of Genghis Khan, assumed the title Great Khan in 1260.After conquering China, Kublai Khan tried to extend his rule to Japan. In 1274. He traveled by caravan on the Silk Roads with his father and uncle, arriving at Kublai Khan’s court around 1275.
After conquering China, Kublai Khan tried to extend his rule to Japan. In 1274 and again in 1281, the Great Khan sent huge fleets
In 1292, the Polos left China and made the long journey back to Venice.Kublai Khan died in 1294. After his death, the Yuan Dynasty began to fade. Family members continually argued over who would rule. In one eight-year period, four different khans took the throne.
Chandragupta gathered an army, killed the unpopular Nanda king, and in about 321 B.C. claimed the throne. This began the Mauryan Empire.
By 303 B.C., the Mauryan Empire stretched more than 2,000
Vsoka became kins in 269
For 500 years, beginning about
185 B.C., wave after wave of Greeks,
Persians, and Central Asians poured into
Chandra Gupta II also strengthened his empire through peaceful means by negotiating diplomatic and marriage alliances. He ruled from A.D. 375 to 415.
Many were overrun by the Hunas or other Central Asian nomads. The Empire ended about 535.
Little is known of Laura except that she died of the plague in 1348.
1434, he won control of Florence’s government. Cosimo de Medici died in 1464,
Leonardo planned scholarly works and great feats of-engineering that were never completed.
Third, Christian scholars in Constantinople fled to Rome with Greek manu- scripts when the Turks conquered Constantinople in 1453.
became a great king. Donatello’s statue was created in the late 1460s
His grandson, Lorenzo de Medici, came to power in 1469.
Michelangelo was a Renaissance man.
He excelled as a painter, sculptor, architect, and poe
Vittoria Colonna (1492–1547) was born of a noble family.
In 1494, a French king claimed the throne of Naples in southern Italy and launched an invasion through northern Italy.
The Prince (1513) by Niccolò Machiavelli
He wrote the book