HIST-396 Timeline


Penal Laws (~)

1603 - 1829

Tammany Hall (~)

1790 - 1930

Orange Order

1796 - Present

Act of Union


Molly Maguires (~)


Catholic Association (Founded)


Catholic Emancipation


Repeal of the Penal Laws



Inflation of Irish Immigrants in Bridgeport, Chicago.

Devotional Revolution


Kensington Riots

1844 - 1845

The riots were a result of rising anti-Catholic sentiment at the growing population of Irish Catholic immigrants.
In the months prior to the riots, nativist groups had been spreading a rumor that Catholics were trying to remove the Bible from public schools. A nativist rally in Kensington erupted in violence on May 6 and started a deadly riot that would result in the destruction of two Catholic churches and numerous other buildings. Riots erupted again in July, after it was discovered that St. Philip Neri's Catholic Church in Southwark had armed itself for protection. Fierce fighting broke out between the nativists and the soldiers sent to protect the church, resulting in numerous deaths and injuries. Several Catholic churches were burned but no Catholics were killed,.

San Patricios

1846 - 1848

"Fighting 69th"

1849 - Present

Irish Republican Brotherhood

1858 - 1924

New York City Draft Riots


Clan Na Gael

1867 - Present

The Land League

1878 - 1882

American Protective Association

1889 - 1895

Biddy (Rise of Women)

1899 - 1924

The rise of the Irish made in 1900

Vaudeville (~)

1900 - 1920

Sinn Fein


Ulster Volunteers

1912 - 1966

1966 was the change into the Ulster Volunteer Force

Irish Citizen Army

1913 - 1947

Irish Progressive League

1916 - 1921

The radical wing of the nationalist movement.

Friends of Irish Freedom

1916 - 1932

Easter Rising

April 1916

Bishops Program of Social Reconstruction

  1. Advocates a welfare state that supports the labor movement
  2. If someone can’t pay for housing, the state would fund them.
  3. Becomes incorporated in the New Deal reform in the 1930s

1919 Chicago Race Riot


Irish Republican Army (Original)

January 1919 - March 1921

War of Independence

21 January 1919 - 6 December 1921

Ceasefire 11 July 1919

Rise of the Loyalists


IRA (Anti/Pro-Treaty)

March 1922 - December 1969

Irish Civil War

June 1922 - 24 May 1923

Irish Free State

6 December 1922 - 29 December 1937

Legion of Decency

1933 - Present

Provisional Irish Republican Army

1969 - 2005

Bloody Sunday

30 January 1972

Anglo-Irish Agreement


Celtic Tiger

1995 - 2008

Good Friday Agreement



St. Patrick (~)

400 - 461

Saint Patrick (Latin: Patricius; Proto-Irish: *Qatrikias;[2] Modern Irish: Pádraig;[3] Welsh: Padrig;[4] c. 387 – 17 March c. 460[5] or c. 492[6]) was aRomano-British Christian missionary and bishop in Ireland. Known as the "Apostle of Ireland", he is the primary patron saint of the island along with Saints Brigid and Columba.
Two authentic letters from him survive, from which come the only generally accepted details of his life.[7] When he was about 16, he was captured from his home and taken as a slave to Ireland, where he lived for six years before escaping and returning to his family. After becoming a cleric, he returned to northern and western Ireland as an ordained bishop, but little is known about the places where he worked. By the seventh century, he had already come to be revered as the patron saint of Ireland. St. Patties day = day of death (March 17th, ~457)

Daniel O'Connell

1775 - 1847

Daniel O'Connell (6 August 1775 – 15 May 1847); often referred to as The Liberator,[1] or The Emancipator,[2] was an Irish political leader in the first half of the 19th century. He campaigned for Catholic Emancipation—including the right for Catholics to sit in the Westminster Parliament, denied for over 100 years—and repeal of the Act of Union which combined Great Britain and Ireland.

Father Theobald Matthew

1790 - 1856

Patrick Ford

1837 - 1913

Irish World (1870-1920s) Remembered mostly for the Irish World (Radical). The largest Irish-American paper

Land Reformer

Father Edward McGlynn

1837 - 1900

New York Academia
- Brought together liberal, democratic, intellectual priests

EXCOMMUNICATED - For being a radical/disregarding teachings
- Later brought back

Active in the Lang League

John Devoy

1842 - 1928

Radical (to say the least)
Reorganizes Clan na Gael (1900)
Gets away with a lot of terrorism (almost mythical because of such)
Exiled to America

Edward Harrigan

1844 - 1911

A play-write whose style evolved over time
-Comic and Entertaining, but also realistic

Michael Davitt

1846 - 1906

Founder of the Land League.
Supports: Republicanism and Home Rule

Charles Stuart Parnell

1846 - 1891

Irish Landlord, Nationalist Political Leader, Land Reform agitator
Leader of the Home Rule Party
Agrarian Violence
Land League Leader
- Davitt -> Parnell

Terrence V. Powderly

1849 - 1924

Irish American who represents the "New Generation"
Best known as the head of the Knights of Labor
Influence led to laws abolishing alien contract labor (1895)

Father John Ryan

1865 - 1945

a leading moral theologian, priest, professor, author, and social justice advocate. Ryan lived during a decisive moment in the development of Catholic social teaching within the United States.

Finley Peter Dunne

July 10, 1867 - 1936

Finley Peter Dunne (July 10, 1867 — April 24, 1936) was an American humorist and writer from Chicago. He published Mr. Dooley in Peace and War, a collection of his nationally syndicated Mr. Dooley sketches, in 1898.[1] The fictional Mr. Dooley expounded upon political and social issues of the day from his South Side Chicago Irish pub and he spoke with the thick verbiage and accent of an Irish immigrant from County Roscommon

James Connolly

5 June 1868 - 12 May 1916

Leonara O'Reilly

1870 - 1927

Leonora O’Reilly (1870 - 1927) was an American feminist, suffragist, and trade union organizer. She was a founding member of the Women's Trade Union League.

John Fitzpatrick

1871 - 1946

John Fitzpatrick (1871–1946) was an Irish-born American trade union leader. He is best remembered as the longtime head of the powerful Chicago Federation of Labor, from 1906 until his death in 1946.

James Michael Curley

1874 - 1958

He was as well known for his popularity in Boston, particularly with Irish Americans, as well as his connections to the Irish Mob and corrupt practices. His popularity was such that he was on one occasion reelected mayor while serving time in prison for a felony conviction.

George M. Cohan

1878 - 1942

a. George M. Cohan (1878-1942) – Ostentatious patriotism
i. Cohan is a corruption of an Irish family name
1. The family is an Irish Catholic family
2. Entertainment family
a. Through Vaudeville and back through minstrelsy

Margaret Sanger

1879 - 1966

an American birth control activist, sex educator, and nurse. Sanger popularized the term birth control, opened the first birth control clinic in the United States, and established Planned Parenthood.

John L. Sullivan (Heavyweight Champion)

1882 - 1892

John Ford

February 1, 1894 - August 31, 1973

John Ford (February 1, 1894 – August 31, 1973)[1] was an Irish-American film director.

Richard J. Daley

May 15, 1902 - December 20, 1976

Daley was Chicago's third Chicago Mayor in a row from the working-class, heavily Irish American Bridgeport neighborhood on Chicago's South Side, where he lived his entire life.

He had a strong base of support in Chicago's Irish Catholic community

James T. Farrell

1904 - 1979

an American novelist, short-story writer, and poet. One of his most famous works was the Studs Lonigan trilogy, which was made into a film in 1960 and into a television miniseries in 1979.

Mary Robinson

21 May 1944 - Present

served as the seventh, and first female, President of Ireland from 1990 to 1997, and the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, from 1997 to 2002. She first rose to prominence as an academic, barrister, campaigner and member of the Irish Senate (1969–1989). She defeated Fianna Fáil's Brian Lenihan and Fine Gael's Austin Currie in the 1990 presidential election