Repeal of the Penal Laws
Inflation of Irish Immigrants in Bridgeport, Chicago.
The riots were a result of rising anti-Catholic sentiment at the growing population of Irish Catholic immigrants.
In the months prior to the riots, nativist groups had been spreading a rumor that Catholics were trying to remove the Bible from public schools. A nativist rally in Kensington erupted in violence on May 6 and started a deadly riot that would result in the destruction of two Catholic churches and numerous other buildings. Riots erupted again in July, after it was discovered that St. Philip Neri's Catholic Church in Southwark had armed itself for protection. Fierce fighting broke out between the nativists and the soldiers sent to protect the church, resulting in numerous deaths and injuries. Several Catholic churches were burned but no Catholics were killed,.
The rise of the Irish made in 1900
1966 was the change into the Ulster Volunteer Force
The radical wing of the nationalist movement.
Ceasefire 11 July 1919
Saint Patrick (Latin: Patricius; Proto-Irish: *Qatrikias; Modern Irish: Pádraig; Welsh: Padrig; c. 387 – 17 March c. 460 or c. 492) was aRomano-British Christian missionary and bishop in Ireland. Known as the "Apostle of Ireland", he is the primary patron saint of the island along with Saints Brigid and Columba.
Two authentic letters from him survive, from which come the only generally accepted details of his life. When he was about 16, he was captured from his home and taken as a slave to Ireland, where he lived for six years before escaping and returning to his family. After becoming a cleric, he returned to northern and western Ireland as an ordained bishop, but little is known about the places where he worked. By the seventh century, he had already come to be revered as the patron saint of Ireland. St. Patties day = day of death (March 17th, ~457)
Daniel O'Connell (6 August 1775 – 15 May 1847); often referred to as The Liberator, or The Emancipator, was an Irish political leader in the first half of the 19th century. He campaigned for Catholic Emancipation—including the right for Catholics to sit in the Westminster Parliament, denied for over 100 years—and repeal of the Act of Union which combined Great Britain and Ireland.
New York Academia
- Brought together liberal, democratic, intellectual priests
EXCOMMUNICATED - For being a radical/disregarding teachings
- Later brought back
Active in the Lang League
Irish World (1870-1920s) Remembered mostly for the Irish World (Radical). The largest Irish-American paper
Radical (to say the least)
Reorganizes Clan na Gael (1900)
Gets away with a lot of terrorism (almost mythical because of such)
Exiled to America
A play-write whose style evolved over time
-Comic and Entertaining, but also realistic
Founder of the Land League.
Supports: Republicanism and Home Rule
MOST IMPORTANT FIGURE OF 19th CENTURY!
Irish Landlord, Nationalist Political Leader, Land Reform agitator
Leader of the Home Rule Party
Held MONSTER MEETINGS
Land League Leader
- Davitt -> Parnell
Irish American who represents the "New Generation"
Best known as the head of the Knights of Labor
Influence led to laws abolishing alien contract labor (1895)
a leading moral theologian, priest, professor, author, and social justice advocate. Ryan lived during a decisive moment in the development of Catholic social teaching within the United States.
Finley Peter Dunne (July 10, 1867 — April 24, 1936) was an American humorist and writer from Chicago. He published Mr. Dooley in Peace and War, a collection of his nationally syndicated Mr. Dooley sketches, in 1898. The fictional Mr. Dooley expounded upon political and social issues of the day from his South Side Chicago Irish pub and he spoke with the thick verbiage and accent of an Irish immigrant from County Roscommon
Leonora O’Reilly (1870 - 1927) was an American feminist, suffragist, and trade union organizer. She was a founding member of the Women's Trade Union League.
John Fitzpatrick (1871–1946) was an Irish-born American trade union leader. He is best remembered as the longtime head of the powerful Chicago Federation of Labor, from 1906 until his death in 1946.
He was as well known for his popularity in Boston, particularly with Irish Americans, as well as his connections to the Irish Mob and corrupt practices. His popularity was such that he was on one occasion reelected mayor while serving time in prison for a felony conviction.
a. George M. Cohan (1878-1942) – Ostentatious patriotism
i. Cohan is a corruption of an Irish family name
1. The family is an Irish Catholic family
2. Entertainment family
a. Through Vaudeville and back through minstrelsy
an American birth control activist, sex educator, and nurse. Sanger popularized the term birth control, opened the first birth control clinic in the United States, and established Planned Parenthood.
John Ford (February 1, 1894 – August 31, 1973) was an Irish-American film director.
Daley was Chicago's third Chicago Mayor in a row from the working-class, heavily Irish American Bridgeport neighborhood on Chicago's South Side, where he lived his entire life.
He had a strong base of support in Chicago's Irish Catholic community
an American novelist, short-story writer, and poet. One of his most famous works was the Studs Lonigan trilogy, which was made into a film in 1960 and into a television miniseries in 1979.
served as the seventh, and first female, President of Ireland from 1990 to 1997, and the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, from 1997 to 2002. She first rose to prominence as an academic, barrister, campaigner and member of the Irish Senate (1969–1989). She defeated Fianna Fáil's Brian Lenihan and Fine Gael's Austin Currie in the 1990 presidential election